Vapor produces no effects other than slight irritation of the eyes and upper respiratory tract. Liquid may irritate eyes; like gasoline.
Reflux it with sodium then distil it from sodium or NaBH4 under nitrogen, and pass it through a column containing KOH, CaSO4 and silica gel. tert-Butylcatechol (0.02% w/w) is added, and the isoprene is stored in this way until redistilled before use. The inhibitor (tert-butylcatechol) in isoprene can be removed by several washings with dilute NaOH and water. The isoprene is then dried over CaH2, distilled under nitrogen at atmospheric pressure, and the fraction distilling at 32o is collected. Store it under nitrogen at -15o. [Beilstein 1 H 252, 1 IV 1001.]
Isoprene occurs in nature and it is produced by many plants. Its polymers are the main component of natural rubber. The most important application of isoprene is to manufacture polymers and copolymers. Polyisoprene, a synthetic rubber made from isoprene, is used in a wide variety of rubber applications including medical equipment, baby bottle teats/nipples, toys, shoe soles, tires, elastic films, threads for golf balls or textiles, adhesives, paints, and coatings. Copolymer butyl rubber, made from isobutene with a small amount of isoprene, has excellent impermeability to gases and is used in inner tubes. Another copolymer styrene-isoprene rubber is used in pressure sensitive adhesives. Isoprene is also used as a chemical intermediate.
Air & Water Reactions
Highly flammable. Insoluble in water.
manufacture of "synthetic" natural rubber, butyl rubber. Copolymer in the production of synthetic elastomers.
Isoprene is used in the synthesis of rubber through a polymer synthetic route.
ISOPRENE may react vigorously with strong oxidizing agents. May react exothemically with reducing agents to release hydrogen gas. May undergo exothermic addition polymerization in the presence of various catalysts (such as acids) or initiators. Undergoes autoxidation upon exposure to the air to form explosive peroxides. Mixing isoprene in equal molar portions with any of the following substances in a closed container caused the temperature and pressure to increase: chlorosulfonic acid, nitric acid (70%), oleum, sulfuric acid (90%) [NFPA 1991].
colourless liquid with an aromatic odour
A clear colorless liquid with a petroleum-like odor. Density 5.7 lb / gal. Flash point -65°F. Boiling point 93°F. May polymerize exothermically if heated or contaminated. If polymerization takes place inside a closed container, the container may rupture violently. Less dense than water and insoluble in water. Vapors heavier than air.
ChEBI: A hemiterpene with the formula CH22C(CH3)CH2CH2; the monomer of natural rubber and a common structure motif to the isoprenoids, a large class of other naturally occurr