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Antiepileptic and anticonvulsant

Anticonvulsants are clinically used in children with high fever, eclampsia, tetanus, grand mal seizures, and excessive central excitation caused by certain medicine. With a strong inhibitory effect on the central nervous system, they are a class of drugs that can remit or relieve the symptoms of seizures and used in the treatment of convulsions caused by various effects, such as eclampsia, tetanus, grand mal seizures and central stimulant poisoning. Barbiturates such as phenobarbital, benzodiazepines such as clozapine, diazepam, nitrazepam and chloral hydrate, dilantin, magnesium sulfate injection are commonly used anticovulsants.

Epilepsy is a chronic, reduplicative, paroxysmal central nervous system disease, characterized by the sudden abnormal bursts of high-frequency discharge of brain nerves and the sequential spread to the surrounding. Antiepileptics belong to anticonvulsants, used for the treatment of epilepsy. Antiepileptic drug is a symptomatic treatment for pilepsy patients to control the symptoms, so the patients must accept long-term medication. Antiepileptics stop seizures in two ways, in one of which they directly act on the brain tissue local epilepsy lesions, reducing the excessive discharge; in the other of which they act on the normal brain tissue around the lesion to prevent the spread of abnormal discharge. Phenytoin, phenobarbital, deoxybenzene, ethosuximide, carbamazepine, sodium valproate and benzodiazepines are commonly used antiepileptics.

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