CLEAR COLOURLESS TO YELLOW LIQUID
Keep the amine over KOH pellets overnight, decant and distil it from a few pellets of KOH at atmospheric pressure (b 108-111o), then fractionate through a Vigreux column (p 11). [Vliet J Am Chem Soc 46 1307 1924, Org Synth Coll Vol 1 201 1941.] The hydrochloride has m 164-165o (from Me2CO/EtOH). [Butler & Angels J Am Chem Soc 79 3128 1957.]
Air & Water Reactions
Highly flammable. Soluble in water.
Flammable/combustible material. May be ignited by heat, sparks or flames. Vapors may form explosive mixtures with air. Vapors may travel to source of ignition and flash back. Most vapors are heavier than air. They will spread along ground and collect in low or confined areas (sewers, basements, tanks). Vapor explosion hazard indoors, outdoors or in sewers. Runoff to sewer may create fire or explosion hazard. Containers may explode when heated. Many liquids are lighter than water.
A liquid with a disagreeable odor. Less dense than water. Flash point 70°F. May be toxic by inhalation and skin absorption. Irritates skin and eyes. Used to make other chemicals.
Diallylamine neutralizes acids in exothermic reactions to form salts plus water. May be incompatible with isocyanates, halogenated organics, peroxides, phenols (acidic), epoxides, anhydrides, and acid halides. Flammable gaseous hydrogen may be generated in combination with strong reducing agents, such as hydrides.
May cause toxic effects if inhaled or ingested/swallowed. Contact with substance may cause severe burns to skin and eyes. Fire will produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases. Vapors may cause dizziness or suffocation. Runoff from fire control or dilution water may cause pollution.