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Decane
Cas No: 124-18-5
No Data 1 Metric Ton 1 Metric Ton/Day Hangzhou Keyingchem Co.,Ltd Contact Supplier
Decane CAS#124-18-5
Cas No: 124-18-5
No Data 750 Kilogram 15 Metric Ton/Week Alway Chem, China Contact Supplier
Decane Manufacturer/High quality/Best price/In stock
Cas No: 124-18-5
USD $ 3.0-3.0 / Kilogram 1 Kilogram 1-100 Metric Ton/Month Dayang Chem (Hangzhou) Co.,Ltd. Contact Supplier
High quality Decane with high purity
Cas No: 124-18-5
No Data 1 Kilogram 30 Metric Ton/Month Simagchem Corporation Contact Supplier
Factory Supply Decane
Cas No: 124-18-5
No Data 1 1 Ality Chemical Corporation Contact Supplier
Decane
Cas No: 124-18-5
No Data No Data No Data Chemwill Asia Co., Ltd. Contact Supplier
Decane
Cas No: 124-18-5
USD $ 1.0-1.0 / Kilogram 1 Kilogram 1000 Metric Ton/Year Henan Sinotech Import&Export Corporation Contact Supplier
Decane,124-18-5
Cas No: 124-18-5
No Data 1 Kilogram 1 Metric Ton/Day Henan Tianfu Chemical Co., Ltd. Contact Supplier
Decane
Cas No: 124-18-5
USD $ 11.0-20.0 / Kilogram 1 Kilogram 100 Metric Ton/Month Baoji Guokang Healthchem co.,ltd Contact Supplier
Monad--Factory Supply Decane CAS 124-18-5
Cas No: 124-18-5
USD $ 9.0-9.9 / Kilogram 1 Kilogram 50000 Metric Ton/Day Wuhan Monad Medicine Tech Co.,LTD Contact Supplier

124-18-5 Usage

Environmental fate

Biological. Decane may biodegrade in two ways. The first is the formation of decyl hydroperoxide, which decomposes to 1-decanol, followed by oxidation to decanoic acid. The other pathway involves dehydrogenation to 1-decene, which may react with water giving 1-decanol (Dugan, 1972). Microorganisms can oxidize alkanes under aerobic conditions (Singer and Finnerty, 1984). The most common degradative pathway involves the oxidation of the terminal methyl group forming the corresponding alcohol (1-decanol). The alcohol may undergo a series of dehydrogenation steps, forming decanal, followed by oxidation forming decanoic acid. The fatty acid may then be metabolized by β-oxidation to form the mineralization products, carbon dioxide and water (Singer and Finnerty, 1984). Hou (1982) reported 1-decanol and 1,10-decanediol as degradation products by the microorganism Corynebacterium.Photolytic. A photooxidation reaction rate constant of 1.16 x 10-11 cm3/molecule?sec was reported for the reaction of decane with OH in the atmosphere (Atkinson, 1990). Chemical/Physical. Complete combustion in air yields carbon dioxide and water vapor. Decane will not hydrolyze because it has no hydrolyzable functional group.

Physical properties

Clear, colorless liquid. Reported odor threshold concentrations were 11.3 mg/m3 by Laffort and Dravnieks (1973) and 620 ppbv by Nagata and Takeuchi (1990).

Uses

Internal standard in the GC analysis of oxalic, malonic, and succinic acids in biological materials.

Safety Profile

Questionable carcinogen with experimental tumorigenic data. A simple asphyxiant. Narcotic in high concentrations, Flammable liquid when exposed to heat or flame. Can react with oxidizing materials. Moderately explosive in its vapor form. To fight fire, use foam, CO2, dry chemical. Emitted from modern buildtng materials (CENEAR 69,22,91). See also ARGON for discussion of asphyxiants.

General Description

A colorless liquid. Flash point 115°F. Less dense than water and insoluble in water. Vapors heavier than air. In high concentrations its vapors may be narcotic. Used as a solvent and to make other chemicals.

Air & Water Reactions

Flammable. Insoluble in water.

Synthesis Reference(s)

The Journal of Organic Chemistry, 43, p. 2259, 1978 DOI: 10.1021/jo00405a036Tetrahedron Letters, 34, p. 3745, 1993 DOI: 10.1016/S0040-4039(00)79216-1

Chemical Properties

Decane, C10H22, is a flammable liquid with specific gravity 0.73. Decane is a constituent in the paraffin fraction of crude oil and natural gas. It is released to the environment via the manufacture, use, and disposal of many products associated with the petroleum, gasoline, and plastics industries.

Uses

Decane is obtained mainly from the refining of petroleum. It is a component of engine fuel and is used in organic synthesis, as a solvent, as a standardized hydrocarbon, and in jet fuel research.

Purification Methods

It can be purified by shaking with conc H2SO4, washing with water, aqueous NaHCO3, and more water, then drying with MgSO4, refluxing with Na and distilling. Also purify through a column of silica gel or alumina. It has been purified by azeotropic distillation with 2-butoxyethanol, the alcohol being washed out of the distillate, using water, the decane is next dried and redistilled. It can be stored with NaH. Further purification can be achieved by preparative gas chromatography on a column packed with 30% SE-30 (General Electric methyl-silicone rubber) on 42/60 Chromosorb P at 150o and 40psig, using helium [Chu J Chem Phys 41 226 1964]. It is soluble in EtOH and Et2O. [Beilstein 1 IV 484.]

Chemical Properties

colourless liquid

Reactivity Profile

DECANE is incompatible with oxidizing agents.

Source

Major constituent in paraffin (quoted, Verschueren, 1983). Identified as one of 140 volatile constituents in used soybean oils collected from a processing plant that fried various beef, chicken, and veal products (Takeoka et al., 1996). California Phase II reformulated gasoline contained decane at a concentration of 1,120 mg/kg. Gas-phase tailpipe emission rates from gasoline-powered automobiles with and without catalytic converters were 300 and 42,600 μg/km, respectively (Schauer et al., 2002).

Fire Hazard

Special Hazards of Combustion Products: May produce toxic fumes, including carbon monoxide.

Health Hazard

Contact with eyes may produce mild irritation. Contact with skin may cause defatting, redness, scaling, and hair loss. Ingestion may cause diarrhea, slight central nervous system depression, difficulty in breathing and fatigue. Inhalation of high concentrations may cause rapid breathing, fatigue, headache, dizziness, and other CNS effects.

Carcinogenicity

Mice treated with decane developed tumors on the backs, after exposure to ultraviolet radiation at wavelengths longer than 350 nm, generally considered noncarcinogenic. A series of 21 tobacco smoke components and related compounds were applied to mouse skin (50 female ICR/Ha Swiss mice/group) three times weekly with 5 mug/application of benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P). The test compounds were of five classes: aliphatic hydrocarbons, aromatic hydrocarbons, phenols, and longchain acids and alcohols. Decane was among the compounds that enhanced remarkably the carcinogenicity of B[a]P. and also acted as tumor promoter in two-stage carcinogenesis.
InChI:InChI=1/C10H22/c1-3-5-7-9-10-8-6-4-2/h3-10H2,1-2H3

124-18-5 Well-known Company Product Price

Brand (Code)Product description CAS number Packaging Price Detail
Alfa Aesar (A14732)  n-Decane, 99%    124-18-5 100ml 311.0CNY Detail
Alfa Aesar (A14732)  n-Decane, 99%    124-18-5 500ml 916.0CNY Detail
Alfa Aesar (A14732)  n-Decane, 99%    124-18-5 2500ml 3989.0CNY Detail
Alfa Aesar (31209)  n-Decane, 99+%    124-18-5 10g 173.0CNY Detail
Alfa Aesar (31209)  n-Decane, 99+%    124-18-5 100g 353.0CNY Detail
Alfa Aesar (31209)  n-Decane, 99+%    124-18-5 500g 1049.0CNY Detail
Sigma-Aldrich (457116)  Decane  anhydrous, ≥99% 124-18-5 457116-100ML 1,450.80CNY Detail
Sigma-Aldrich (457116)  Decane  anhydrous, ≥99% 124-18-5 457116-1L 2,901.60CNY Detail
Sigma-Aldrich (457116)  Decane  anhydrous, ≥99% 124-18-5 457116-2L 4,278.69CNY Detail
Sigma-Aldrich (D901)  Decane  ReagentPlus®, ≥99% 124-18-5 D901-100ML 377.91CNY Detail
Sigma-Aldrich (D901)  Decane  ReagentPlus®, ≥99% 124-18-5 D901-500ML 1,103.31CNY Detail
Sigma-Aldrich (30540)  Decane  analytical standard 124-18-5 30540-5ML 699.66CNY Detail

124-18-5SDS

SAFETY DATA SHEETS

According to Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) - Sixth revised edition

Version: 1.0

Creation Date: Aug 10, 2017

Revision Date: Aug 10, 2017

1.Identification

1.1 GHS Product identifier

Product name decane

1.2 Other means of identification

Product number -
Other names Decane

1.3 Recommended use of the chemical and restrictions on use

Identified uses For industry use only. Intermediates
Uses advised against no data available

1.4 Supplier's details

1.5 Emergency phone number

Emergency phone number -
Service hours Monday to Friday, 9am-5pm (Standard time zone: UTC/GMT +8 hours).

More Details:124-18-5 SDS

124-18-5Synthetic route

1-Decene
872-05-9

1-Decene

decane
124-18-5

decane

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With {(η6-C6H6)Ru(NCCH3)3}{BF4}2; water; hydrogen In benzene at 90℃; under 30400 Torr; for 4h;100%
With hydrogen; Rh on carbon at 75℃; under 3040.2 Torr; for 0.35h;100%
With hydrazine hydrate In ethanol for 24h; Reflux;100%
(1-methyl-nonyloxy)-diphenyl-silane

(1-methyl-nonyloxy)-diphenyl-silane

decane
124-18-5

decane

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With indium(III) chloride In dichloromethane-d2 at 20℃;100%
pentane
109-66-0

pentane

decane
124-18-5

decane

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With di-tert-butyl peroxide; iodine100%
1-decyne
764-93-2

1-decyne

decane
124-18-5

decane

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With hydrogen In methanol at 20℃; for 18h;98%
With hydrogen In ethanol at 100℃; under 30003 Torr; Flow reactor; Green chemistry; chemoselective reaction;67%
With hydrogen In methanol at 20℃; under 5171.62 Torr; for 24h;98 %Chromat.
1-decyne
764-93-2

1-decyne

A

decane
124-18-5

decane

B

1-Decene
872-05-9

1-Decene

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With hydrogen In hexane at 40℃; under 760.051 Torr; for 5h;A 3%
B 97%
With hydrogen; Ni-Gr2 In methanol at 30℃; under 22800 Torr; for 6h; Yield given. Yields of byproduct given. Title compound not separated from byproducts;
With hydrogen; ethylenediamine In tetrahydrofuran at 25℃; under 760 Torr;A 13 % Chromat.
B 75 % Chromat.
Iododecane
2050-77-3

Iododecane

A

decane
124-18-5

decane

B

icosane
112-95-8

icosane

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With tetrabutylammonium tetrafluoroborate In N,N-dimethyl-formamide Electrochemical reaction; Inert atmosphere;A 1%
B 97%
With sodium polystyrylanthracene Product distribution;A 25%
B 4%
Iododecane
2050-77-3

Iododecane

decane
124-18-5

decane

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With Li(1+)*C12H28AlO3(1-) In tetrahydrofuran; hexane for 0.0333333h; Ambient temperature;96%
With LiPyrrBH3 In tetrahydrofuran at 0℃;92%
With sodium tetrahydroborate In various solvent(s) at 70℃; for 3h;82%
1-bromo dodecane
112-29-8

1-bromo dodecane

decane
124-18-5

decane

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With Li(1+)*C12H28AlO3(1-) In tetrahydrofuran; hexane for 0.166667h; Ambient temperature;95%
With [2-(di-tert-butylphosphinomethyl)-6-(diethylaminomethyl)pyridine]ruthenium(II) chlorocarbonyl hydride; isopropyl alcohol; sodium t-butanolate at 100℃; for 18h; Catalytic behavior; Reagent/catalyst; Temperature; Inert atmosphere; Sealed tube; Green chemistry;93%
With sodium tetrahydroborate In various solvent(s) at 70℃; for 12h;82%
hexanoic acid
142-62-1

hexanoic acid

decane
124-18-5

decane

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With sodium methylate In methanol Kolbe Electrolysis; Electrochemical reaction;95%
With sodium hydroxide at 19.84℃; pH=6.1; Kolbe reaction; Electrochemical reaction;45 % Spectr.
With sodium methylate In methanol at 40 - 60℃; Electrolysis;
1,10-dibromodecane
4101-68-2

1,10-dibromodecane

decane
124-18-5

decane

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With sodium tetrahydroborate; cetyltributylphosphonium bromide In water; toluene at 18℃; for 5h; Product distribution;94%
With diethyl ether; sodium
With iron(III) chloride; phenylsilane; sodium methylate In tetrahydrofuran for 6h; Schlenk technique; Inert atmosphere;61 %Chromat.
Iododecane
2050-77-3

Iododecane

A

decane
124-18-5

decane

B

1-Decanol
112-30-1

1-Decanol

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With 2,2'-azobis(isobutyronitrile); tributyltin chloride; oxygen; sodium cyanoborohydride In tert-butyl alcohol at 60℃; for 14h; Yields of byproduct given;A n/a
B 93%
1,10-diiododecane
16355-92-3

1,10-diiododecane

decane
124-18-5

decane

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With nickel In tetrahydrofuran at 20℃; for 6h;92%
With diethyl ether; magnesium und Zers. des Reaktionsproduktes mit Wasser;
N-Phenoxyundecanamide
351464-82-9

N-Phenoxyundecanamide

decane
124-18-5

decane

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With 4,4'-di-tert-butylbiphenyl; lithium In tetrahydrofuran for 2h; Heating;92%
5-decyne
1942-46-7

5-decyne

decane
124-18-5

decane

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With Triethoxysilane; water; propynoic acid methyl ester; palladium diacetate In tetrahydrofuran for 24h; Ambient temperature;90%
With methanol; nickel Hydrogenation;
With hydrogen In glycerol at 80℃; under 750.075 Torr; for 2h;90 %Chromat.
With C5H14NO(1+)*C10H12NO4S(1-)*Pd; hydrogen In glycerol at 80℃; under 2250.23 Torr; for 2h; Inert atmosphere; Schlenk technique;96 %Chromat.
Iododecane
2050-77-3

Iododecane

tri-n-butyl-tin hydride
688-73-3

tri-n-butyl-tin hydride

decane
124-18-5

decane

Conditions
ConditionsYield
In toluene Sonication; ultrasound irradiation of a mixt. of Bu2SnH and 1-iododecane in toluene, 0-6 °C, 1h;;90%
In toluene react. of a mixt. of Bu3SnH and 1-iododecane in toluene, 0 °C, 1h;;5%
decyl chloride
1002-69-3

decyl chloride

decane
124-18-5

decane

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With hydrogen; NiCl2-Li-[poly(2-vinyl-naphthalene)-co-(divinylbenzene)] In tetrahydrofuran at 20℃; under 760.051 Torr; for 2.5h;89%
With sodium tetrahydroborate In various solvent(s) at 70℃; for 16h;78%
With naphthalene; hydrogen; lithium; nickel dichloride In tetrahydrofuran at 20℃; under 760.051 Torr; for 2h;68%
1-decanoic acid
334-48-5

1-decanoic acid

decane
124-18-5

decane

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With hydrogen In neat (no solvent) at 180℃; under 6000.6 Torr; for 24h; Catalytic behavior; Autoclave; High pressure;88%
With hydrogen In hexane at 160℃; under 22502.3 Torr; for 18h; Molecular sieve; chemoselective reaction;87%
With phosphorus; hydrogen iodide at 210 - 240℃;
N-Methoxyundecanamide
351464-79-4

N-Methoxyundecanamide

decane
124-18-5

decane

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With 4,4'-di-tert-butylbiphenyl; lithium In tetrahydrofuran for 2h; Heating;87%
4-methylbenzenesulfonic acid 6-chlorohexyl ester
71042-21-2

4-methylbenzenesulfonic acid 6-chlorohexyl ester

ethylmagnesium bromide
925-90-6

ethylmagnesium bromide

A

decane
124-18-5

decane

B

1-Chlorooctane
111-85-3

1-Chlorooctane

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With buta-1,3-diene; nickel dichloride In tetrahydrofuran at 20℃; for 3h;A 13%
B 87%
n-decyl magnesium bromide
17049-50-2

n-decyl magnesium bromide

benzophenone N-methyl-N,N-pentane-1,5-diylhydrazonium iodide
13134-23-1

benzophenone N-methyl-N,N-pentane-1,5-diylhydrazonium iodide

A

N-methylcyclohexylamine
626-67-5

N-methylcyclohexylamine

B

Benzophenone imine
1013-88-3

Benzophenone imine

C

decane
124-18-5

decane

D

icosane
112-95-8

icosane

E

1-Decene
872-05-9

1-Decene

Conditions
ConditionsYield
In diethyl ether Product distribution; Mechanism; Heating; other quaternary hydrazonium salts, other alkylmagnesium halides;A 85%
B 84%
C 51%
D 21%
E 25%
2-decyl N-trimethylsilylmethylthionocarbamate

2-decyl N-trimethylsilylmethylthionocarbamate

A

decane
124-18-5

decane

B

decan-2-ol
1120-06-5

decan-2-ol

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With triethylsilane; di-tert-butyl peroxide In benzene at 140℃; Mechanism; Product distribution; or with benzoyl peroxide, or with n-Bu3SnH, other temperature, other thionocarbamates;A 85%
B 3%
octylmagnesium bromide
17049-49-9

octylmagnesium bromide

(Z)-1,2-bis(ethylseleno)ethene
175538-67-7

(Z)-1,2-bis(ethylseleno)ethene

A

decane
124-18-5

decane

B

octadeca-9Z-ene
1779-13-1

octadeca-9Z-ene

C

Hexadecane
544-76-3

Hexadecane

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With 1,2-bis(diphenylphosphino)ethane nickel(II) chloride In diethyl ether at 20℃; for 9h;A 56 mg
B 85%
C 115 mg
N-Benzyloxyundecanamide
105249-97-6

N-Benzyloxyundecanamide

decane
124-18-5

decane

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With 4,4'-di-tert-butylbiphenyl; lithium In tetrahydrofuran for 2h; Heating;83%
1-Decene
872-05-9

1-Decene

carbon monoxide
201230-82-2

carbon monoxide

A

decane
124-18-5

decane

B

undecyl alcohol
112-42-5

undecyl alcohol

C

2-methyldecan-1-ol
18675-24-6

2-methyldecan-1-ol

D

2-methyldecanal
19009-56-4

2-methyldecanal

E

undecylaldehyde
112-44-7

undecylaldehyde

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With dodecacarbonyl-triangulo-triruthenium; 2-(dicyclohexylphosphino)-1-methyl-1H-imidazole; water; hydrogen; lithium chloride In 1-methyl-pyrrolidin-2-one at 130℃; under 60 Torr; for 20h; Autoclave; regioselective reaction;A 6 %Chromat.
B 83%
C n/a
D n/a
E n/a
1-methoxydecane
7289-52-3

1-methoxydecane

decane
124-18-5

decane

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With chloro-trimethyl-silane; acetic acid; sodium iodide; zinc In acetonitrile Product distribution; 1.) 70 - 75 deg C, 1.5 h; 2.) 75 - 85 deg C, 4.5 h; various ethers;82%
decyl p-toluenesulfonate
5509-08-0

decyl p-toluenesulfonate

decane
124-18-5

decane

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With sodium tetrahydroborate In various solvent(s) at 70℃; for 3h;82%
With tri-n-butyl-tin hydride; sodium iodide In 1,2-dimethoxyethane at 80℃; for 1h; Heating;73%
1-bromo-octane
111-83-1

1-bromo-octane

ethylmagnesium chloride
2386-64-3

ethylmagnesium chloride

decane
124-18-5

decane

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With buta-1,3-diene; copper dichloride In tetrahydrofuran at 50℃; for 12h;82%
With N,N,N,N,-tetramethylethylenediamine; C34H46Cl4N10Ni2O2 In tetrahydrofuran at 20℃; for 1h; Solvent; Concentration; Inert atmosphere; Schlenk technique;72 %Chromat.
hexanoic acid
142-62-1

hexanoic acid

A

decane
124-18-5

decane

B

1-penten
109-67-1

1-penten

C

pentane
109-66-0

pentane

D

2-pentene
109-68-2

2-pentene

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With potassium hydroxide In water pH=5.4 - 9.4; Concentration; pH-value; Kolbe Electrolysis; Electrochemical reaction;A 82%
B 44%
C 30%
D 26%
With potassium hydroxide In water pH=5.8 - 9; Kolbe Electrolysis; Electrochemical reaction;A 39%
B 14%
C 5%
D 7%
1-Decene
872-05-9

1-Decene

A

decane
124-18-5

decane

B

decan-2-ol
1120-06-5

decan-2-ol

C

Decan-2-one
693-54-9

Decan-2-one

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With oxygen; isopropyl alcohol; bis(trifluoroacetylacetonato)cobalt(II) at 75℃; for 15h;A 2%
B 81%
C 13%
With oxygen; isopropyl alcohol; bis(trifluoroacetylacetonato)cobalt(II) at 75℃; for 15h; Product distribution; comparison of yields for oxidation-reduction hydration, catalyzed by variuos Co(II)complexes;A 2%
B 81%
C 13%
With oxygen; isopropyl alcohol; bis(dibenzoylmethanato)cobalt(II) at 75℃; for 2h;A 32%
B 52%
C 12%
With oxygen; cobalt acetylacetonate In isopropyl alcohol at 75℃; for 1h;A 22 % Chromat.
B 45 % Chromat.
C 7 % Chromat.
With oxygen; cobalt acetylacetonate In isopropyl alcohol at 75℃; for 1h; Product distribution;A 22 % Chromat.
B 45 % Chromat.
C 7 % Chromat.
1-Decanol
112-30-1

1-Decanol

decane
124-18-5

decane

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With chloro-trimethyl-silane; acetic acid; sodium iodide; zinc In acetonitrile Product distribution; 1.) 30 - 35 deg C, 1.0 h; 2.) 75 - 85 deg C, 6.0 h; various alcohols;80%
With hydrogen; vanadium(V) oxide; iron at 326.9℃; 1.5E5 Pa; Yield given;
With tetraethylammonium bromide; triphenylphosphine In acetonitrile constant current electrolysis, 25 mA;94 % Chromat.
p,p'-dicofol

p,p'-dicofol

decane
124-18-5

decane

Dicofol
115-32-2

Dicofol

dimethyl sulfoxide
67-68-5

dimethyl sulfoxide

p,p'-DDT
50-29-3

p,p'-DDT

Conditions
ConditionsYield
In water; chlorobenzene93.3%
In water; chlorobenzene92.1%
Tri-n-octylamine
1116-76-3

Tri-n-octylamine

2-tert-butyl-5-bromo-5-methyl-1,3-dioxolan-4-one

2-tert-butyl-5-bromo-5-methyl-1,3-dioxolan-4-one

decane
124-18-5

decane

2-(1,1-dimethylethyl)-5-methylene-1,3-dioxolan-4-one
163921-31-1

2-(1,1-dimethylethyl)-5-methylene-1,3-dioxolan-4-one

Conditions
ConditionsYield
In cyclohexane93%

124-18-5Upstream product

124-18-5Downstream Products

124-18-5Related news

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In the last years, the phase behaviour of multi-component hydrocarbon systems in shale reservoirs has received significant attention. The main complexities in modelling the phase behaviour is the confinement. It is presented in this work, the results obtained by molecular dynamics simulation in ...detailed

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