Wash it repeatedly with aqueous NaOH to remove inhibitors such as hydroquinone, then with distilled water. Dry with CaCl2. Fractionally distil under reduced pressure in an all-glass apparatus. The middle fraction is sealed under N2 and stored at 0o in the dark until required [Mallik & Das J Am Chem Soc 82 4269 1960]. [Beilstein 2 IV 1463.]
Butyl acrylate reacts exothermically with acids to liberate heat along with alcohols and acids. Reacts with strong oxidizing agents, perhaps sufficiently exothermically to ignite the reaction products. Mixing with basic solutions generates heat. Generates flammable hydrogen with alkali metals and hydrides. Attacks many plastics [Handling Chemicals Safely 1980. p. 233]. Polymerizes readily, generating much heat in a reaction that is favored by heat and light [Handling Chemicals Safely 1980. p. 235].
HIGHLY FLAMMABLE: Will be easily ignited by heat, sparks or flames. Vapors may form explosive mixtures with air. Vapors may travel to source of ignition and flash back. Most vapors are heavier than air. They will spread along ground and collect in low or confined areas (sewers, basements, tanks). Vapor explosion hazard indoors, outdoors or in sewers. May polymerize explosively when heated or involved in a fire. Runoff to sewer may create fire or explosion hazard. Containers may explode when heated. Many liquids are lighter than water.
Vapor is irritating when breathed at high concentrations. Contact with liquid causes irritation of skin and burning of eyes.
ChEBI: An acrylate ester obtained by the formal condensation of the hydroxy group of butan-1-ol with the carboxy group of acrylic acid.
Air & Water Reactions
Flammable. Very slightly soluble in water.
A clear colorless liquid with a sharp characteristic odor. Very slightly soluble in water and somewhat less dense than water. Hence forms surface slick on water. Flash point 105°F. Density 7.5 lb / gal. Used for making paints, coatings, caulks, sealants, adhesives.