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Acrylic acid
Cas No: 79-10-7
USD $ 3.0-3.0 / Kilogram 1 Kilogram 1-100 Metric Ton/Month Dayang Chem (Hangzhou) Co.,Ltd. Contact Supplier
Top purity Acrylic acid with high quality and best price cas:79-10-7
Cas No: 79-10-7
USD $ 3.0-10.0 / Kilogram 1 Kilogram 99999 Kilogram/Year Hangzhou Dingyan Chem Co., Ltd Contact Supplier
High quality Acrylic Acid supplier in China
Cas No: 79-10-7
No Data No Data Metric Ton/Day Simagchem Corporation Contact Supplier
High quality Acrylic Acid supplier in China CAS NO.79-10-7
Cas No: 79-10-7
USD $ 1.0-3.0 / Metric Ton 1 Metric Ton 10 Metric Ton/Day Hebei yanxi chemical co.,LTD. Contact Supplier
cas 79-10-7 ACRYLIC ACID
Cas No: 79-10-7
No Data 1 Metric Ton 3000 Metric Ton/Year Hefei TNJ chemical industry co.,ltd Contact Supplier
Amadis Chemical offer CAS#79-10-7;CAT#A839584
Cas No: 79-10-7
No Data 10 Milligram Amadis Chemical Co., Ltd. Contact Supplier
Acrylic acid
Cas No: 79-10-7
USD $ 5.0-5.0 / Kilogram 1 Kilogram 1000 Kilogram/Month Enke Pharma-tech Co.,Ltd. (Cangzhou, China ) Contact Supplier
Factory Supply Acrylic acid
Cas No: 79-10-7
No Data 25 Gram 1000 Metric Ton/Day Ality Chemical Corporation Contact Supplier
Acrylic acid
Cas No: 79-10-7
No Data 1 Metric Ton 10 Metric Ton/Month Henan Tianfu Chemical Co., Ltd. Contact Supplier
Acrylic acid CAS NO.79-10-7
Cas No: 79-10-7
USD $ 10.0-1000.0 / Gram 10 Gram 8000 Kilogram/Month HUBEI AOKS BIO-TECH CO.,LTD Contact Supplier

79-10-7 Usage

Uses

Usually used in preparing monodispersed poly (N-isopropylacryamide) (PNIPAM)/AAc microgels.And also used primarily as an intermediate in the production of acrylates.

Air & Water Reactions

Flammable. Soluble in water. The presence of water, due to different solubilities of the acid and inhibitor (partitioning one from the other), may initiate polymerization.

Application

Acrylic acid is a carboxylic acid, of which the primary use is in the production of acrylic esters[2]. It has been traditionally used as the raw material for acrylic esters – methyl acrylate, ethyl acrylate, butyl acrylate and 2-ethylhexyl acrylate which were originally used to produce solvent-based acrylic resins but environmental concerns about solvent use led to the development of water-based acrylics[7]. Acrylic acid can readily react with a wide variety of organic and inorganic compounds which results in it’s considered as a very useful feedstock to manufacture many low molecular compounds, such as propionic acid, unsaturated fatty acids, heterocyclic compounds, and Diels-Alder addition products. As a vinyl compound and a carboxylic acid, acrylic acid is used widely for polymerisation, including production of polyacrylates. It is also a monomer for polyacrylic and polymethacrylic acids and other acrylic polymers[4].
Acrylic acid and esters are flammable, reactive, volatile liquids based on an alpha-, beta-unsaturated carboxyl structure. Incorporation of varying percentages of acrylate monomers permits the production of many formulations for latex and solution copolymers, copolymer plastics and cross-linkable polymer systems. Their performance characteristics—which impart varying degrees of tackiness, durability, hardness, and glass transition temperatures—promote consumption in many end-use applications. Major markets for the esters include surface coatings, textiles, adhesives, and plastics[8][9].
Polyacrylic acid which produced by acrylic acid can be further modified to produce superabsorbent polymers (SAPs) and other polyacrylic acid homopolymers or copolymers used as detergents, dispersants/antiscalants, anionic polyelectrolytes for water treatment, and rheology modifiers[7][8].
SAPs are cross-linked polyacrylates with the ability to absorb and retain more than 100 times their own weight in liquid. They have experienced very strong growth, primarily in baby diapers (nappies) and incontinence products[7][8].
A new application for SAPs is soaker pads used in food packaging. In 2007, the US Food and Drug Adminstration authorised SAPs in packaging with indirect food contact for poultry, meat, fish, fruit and vegetables[7].
Crude acrylic acid (CAA) is made by the oxidation of propylene. About 55% of the CAA is converted to acrylate esters. The remaining 45% is purified to 98–99.5% purity to glacial acrylic acid (GAA), which, in turn, is converted to polyacrylic acid, which is used to produce superabsorbent polymers (SAPs) and other polyacrylic acid copolymers. In 2016, global glacial acrylic acid consumption was estimated to account for about 45% of total crude acrylic acid consumption, of which 79% was consumed for superabsorbent polymers. Growth in GAA consumption is forecast at about 5% per year during 2016?21. Growth in demand for crude acrylic acid is forecast at 4.5% per year during 2016?21, driven by growth in superabsorbent polymers at 5.5% and acrylate esters at about 4%. SAP growth will be strongest in China and other areas of Asia, but will be much more moderate in the mature regions of North America, Western Europe, and Japan[8].

Reference

[1]https://www.sigmaaldrich.com/catalog/product/aldrich/147230?lang=zh&region=CN
[2]https://www.chemwatch.net/211745/acrylic-acid
[3]https://www.arkema.com/en/products/product-finder/product-viewer/Acrylic-acid/
[4]http://www.lookchem.com/ChemicalProductProperty_EN_CB7307797.htm
[5]http://www.chemspider.com/Chemical-Structure.6333.html
[6]Manhua Mandy Lin. Selective oxidation of propane to acrylic acid with molecular oxygen[J]. Applied Catalysis A:General 207(2001)1-16.
[7]https://www.icis.com/resources/news/2007/11/01/9074870/acrylic-acid-uses-and-market-data/
[8]https://ihsmarkit.com/products/acrylic-acid-acrylate-esters-chemical-economics-handbook.html; 
[9]https://www.arkema.com/en/products/product-finder/product-viewer/Acrylic-acid/
[10]https://www.epa.gov/sites/production/files/2016-09/documents/acrylic-acid.pdf

Uses

An antibacterial agent.

Reactivity Profile

ACRYLIC ACID may polymerize violently especially when the frozen acid is partially thawed (freezing point 12°C or 53°F). Frozen acid should be melted at room temperature and the process should be well stirred. Do not use heat during the melting process [Kirk-Othmer, 3rd ed., Vol. 1, 1978, p. 330]. Corrodes iron and steel and polymerization may occur on contact with iron salts. The uninhibited acid polymerizes exothermically at ambient temperature and explodes if confined. The inhibitor (usually hydroquinone) greatly reduces the tendency to polymerize. Explosive polymerization can also occur with strong bases, amines, ammonia, oleum, chlorosulfonic acid, and peroxides. Mixing with 2-aminoethanol, 28% ammonium hydroxide, ethylenediamine or ethyleneimine in a closed container causes an increase in temperature and pressure. Can react violently with oxidizing reagents and strong bases [Bretherick, 5th ed., 1995, p. 419].

Health & Safety Hazard

Tests involving acute exposure of rats, mice, and rabbits have demonstrated that acrylic acid has moderate acute toxicity by inhalation or ingestion, and high acute toxicity by dermal exposure. Acrylic acid is a strong irritant to the skin, eyes, and mucous membranes in humans. The liquid may cause blindness if splashed into the eye. Acute (short-term) exposure of rats to acrylic acid by inhalation has been observed to produce nose and eye irritation, lung haemorrhage, and degenerative changes in the liver and kidneys.
Some ill-health effects could happen when people exposed to acrylic acid, while people can be easily exposed to acrylic acid through direct contact with a product containing it or by inhaling it in air contaminated by a nearby plant manufacturing acrylic acid, for example, in the workplace, exposure to acrylic acid occurs primarily via inhalation and dermal contact during its manufacture or use; consumers may be exposed to acrylic acid in polishes, paints, coatings, rug backings, adhesives, plastics, textiles, and paper finishes. In addition, acrylic acid may be released in wastewater and can be also produced naturally by some species of algae. When we do not feel well, we should get medical attention immediately.
Acrylic acid is sensitive to heat and sunlight and also a fire hazard when exposed to heat or flame. The product should be stored in a segregated and approved area away from heat, sources of ignition and the container should be kept in a cool, well-ventilated area, tightly closed and sealed until ready for use. It is also very necessary to keep the product away from incompatibles such as oxidising agents, acids, alkalis, moisture.

Purification Methods

It can be purified by steam distillation, or vacuum distillation through a column packed with copper gauze to inhibit polymerisation. (This treatment also removes inhibitors such as methylene blue that may be present.) Azeotropic distillation of the water with *benzene converts aqueous acrylic acid to the anhydrous material. [Beilstein 2 H 397, 2 I 186, 2 II 383, 2 III 1215, 2 IV 1455.]

Contact allergens

Acrylates are esters from acrylic acid. Occupational contact allergies from acrylates have frequently been reported and mainly concern workers exposed to the glues based on acrylic acid, as well as dental workers and beauticians.

Chemical Properties

colourless liquid with an acrid odour

General Description

Acrylic acid is a colorless liquid with a distinctive acrid odor. Flash point 130°F. Boiling point 286°F. Freezing point 53°F. Corrosive to metals and tissue. Prolonged exposure to fire or heat can cause polymerization. If polymerization takes place in a closed container, violent rupture may occur. The inhibitor (usually hydroquinone) greatly reduces the tendency to polymerize.

Health Hazard

May burn skin or eyes upon short contact. INHALATION: eye and nasal irritation and lacrimation. INGESTION: may cause severe damage to the gastrointestinal tract.

Uses

In the manufacture of plastics.

Basic Information

Acrylic acid (AAc, IUPAC: prop-2-enoic acid) is the simplest unsaturated carboxylic acid, consisting of a vinyl group connected directly to a carboxylic acid terminus with the formula CH2=CHCO2H[1][2] which is a colorless liquid above its freezing point of 13°C ( 56°F) with a distinctive acrid odor[3][4][5]. It is corrosive to metals and tissue and prolonged exposure to fire or heat can cause polymerization. If polymerization takes place in a closed container, violent rupture may occur because the polymerizaiton of acrylic acid is exothermic. The inhibitor (usually hydroquinone) can greatly reduce the tendency to polymerize. It is miscible with water, alcohol, ether, benzene, chloroform, and acetone, but incompatible with strong oxidisers, strong bases, strong alkalies and pure nitrogen. It may polymerize (sometimes explosively) when contacting with amines, ammonia, oleum and chlorosulfonic acid, iron salts and peroxides[2][4].

Preparation methods`

Acrylic acid can be prepared in different ways, for example as follows:
The easiest way to prepare pure acrylic acid in the laboratory is to exchange the ester of formic acid and readily available methyl acrylate. Sulfuric acid is a good catalyst.
CH2=CHCOOCH3 +HCOOH → CH2=CHCOOH+HCOOCH3

Acrolein can be oxidized in the liquid phase at 20-40℃ with silver or vanadium as the catalyst and methoxybenzene as the solvent which glacial acetic acid is more commonly used. It has been reported that the yield of acrylic acid can reach 65-90% based on the consumption of acrolein.
CH2=CHCHO+ 1⁄2 O2 → CH2=CHCOOH

A mixture of water and 2,3 dibromopropionic acid is treated with zinc powder can obtain an aqueous solution of acrylic acid with a yield of 90%.
CH2BrCHBrCOOH +Zn → CH2=CHCOOH+ZnBr2

Acrylic acid also can be obtained by pyrolyzing sec-butyl acrylate at 500℃, or pyrolyzing ethyl acrylate at 570℃.
CH2=CHCOOCH(CH3)CH2CH3 → CH2=CHCOOH+CH3CH=CHCH3

At 200-300℃, acrylic acid can be obtained by passing carbon dioxide and ethylene through the silica gel impregnated with iron sulfite.
CH2=CH2+CO2→CH2=CHCOOH
InChI:InChI=1/C3H4O2/c1-2-3(4)5/h2H,1H2,(H,4,5)

79-10-7 Well-known Company Product Price

Brand (Code)Product description CAS number Packaging Price Detail
Aldrich (147230)  Acrylicacid  anhydrous, contains 200 ppm MEHQ as inhibitor, 99% 79-10-7 147230-18KG 3,976.83CNY Detail
Aldrich (147230)  Acrylicacid  anhydrous, contains 200 ppm MEHQ as inhibitor, 99% 79-10-7 147230-2.5L 1,113.84CNY Detail
Aldrich (147230)  Acrylicacid  anhydrous, contains 200 ppm MEHQ as inhibitor, 99% 79-10-7 147230-1L 442.26CNY Detail
Aldrich (147230)  Acrylicacid  anhydrous, contains 200 ppm MEHQ as inhibitor, 99% 79-10-7 147230-500G 515.97CNY Detail
Aldrich (147230)  Acrylicacid  anhydrous, contains 200 ppm MEHQ as inhibitor, 99% 79-10-7 147230-100G 494.91CNY Detail
Aldrich (147230)  Acrylicacid  anhydrous, contains 200 ppm MEHQ as inhibitor, 99% 79-10-7 147230-5G 405.99CNY Detail
Alfa Aesar (45779)  Acrylic acid, tech. 90%, stab.    79-10-7 2.5L 834.0CNY Detail
Alfa Aesar (45779)  Acrylic acid, tech. 90%, stab.    79-10-7 500ml 232.0CNY Detail
Alfa Aesar (43359)  Acrylic acid, low water content, 99.5%, stab. with ca 200ppm 4-methoxyphenol    79-10-7 2.5L 735.0CNY Detail
Alfa Aesar (43359)  Acrylic acid, low water content, 99.5%, stab. with ca 200ppm 4-methoxyphenol    79-10-7 500ml 305.0CNY Detail
Alfa Aesar (L04280)  Acrylic acid, 99%, stab. with ca 200ppm 4-methoxyphenol    79-10-7 2500g 759.0CNY Detail
Alfa Aesar (L04280)  Acrylic acid, 99%, stab. with ca 200ppm 4-methoxyphenol    79-10-7 500g 435.0CNY Detail

79-10-7SDS

SAFETY DATA SHEETS

According to Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) - Sixth revised edition

Version: 1.0

Creation Date: Aug 12, 2017

Revision Date: Aug 12, 2017

1.Identification

1.1 GHS Product identifier

Product name acrylic acid

1.2 Other means of identification

Product number -
Other names monoethylene carboxylic acid

1.3 Recommended use of the chemical and restrictions on use

Identified uses For industry use only. Acrylic acid is used in the manufacture of plastics, in latex applications, in floor polish, in polymer solutions for coatings applications, emulsion polymers, paint formulations, leather finishings, and paper coatings. Acrylic acid is also used as a chemical intermediate.
Uses advised against no data available

1.4 Supplier's details

1.5 Emergency phone number

Emergency phone number -
Service hours Monday to Friday, 9am-5pm (Standard time zone: UTC/GMT +8 hours).

More Details:79-10-7 SDS

79-10-7Synthetic route

acrolein
107-02-8

acrolein

acrylic acid
79-10-7

acrylic acid

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With N-hydroxyphthalimide; trans-Re(O)Cl2(OC(CH3)2C(CH3)2O)2P(Ph)3; oxygen In acetonitrile at 30℃; under 760.051 Torr; for 7h;100%
With dihydrogen peroxide In acetonitrile at 70℃; for 3h; Reagent/catalyst;100%
With C4H11FeMo6NO24(3-)*3C16H36N(1+); water; oxygen; sodium carbonate at 50℃; under 760.051 Torr; for 8h; Green chemistry;98%
3-hydroxypropionic acid
503-66-2

3-hydroxypropionic acid

acrylic acid
79-10-7

acrylic acid

Conditions
ConditionsYield
titanium catalyst 16-30 mesh at 180 - 190℃; for 45h; Product distribution / selectivity;100%
With 4-methoxy-phenol; silica gel at 250℃; Gas phase;97%
sulfuric acid at 160℃; Product distribution / selectivity;96.2%
3-iodopropanoic acid
141-76-4

3-iodopropanoic acid

acrylic acid
79-10-7

acrylic acid

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With water; sodium hydroxide In hexan-1-ol at 80℃; for 10h; Temperature; Sealed tube;99.9%
With potassium carbonate
With lead(II) oxide Destillation;
acrylonitrile
107-13-1

acrylonitrile

A

2-propenamide
79-06-1

2-propenamide

B

acrylic acid
79-10-7

acrylic acid

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With water at 0 - 4℃; for 7.5h; culture broth containing cells of Pseudomonas chlororaphis, strain B23;A 99%
B 0.7%
With water; copper oxide, reduced, supported in stainless steel wire socks at 135 - 158℃; under 3760.13 Torr; Heating / reflux;
acrylonitrile
107-13-1

acrylonitrile

acrylic acid
79-10-7

acrylic acid

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With potassium phosphate buffer at 30℃; for 0.5h; Rhodococcus sp. AJ270 cells;98.1%
With potassium phosphate buffer; nitrilase from Alcaligenes faecalis ATCC8750 at 30℃; for 9h; pH=7.3;93%
With sulfuric acid; copper; hydroquinone
With bradyrhizobium species BTAi1 (A5EKU8); water Reagent/catalyst; Enzymatic reaction;
With water In aq. phosphate buffer at 37℃; pH=7; Green chemistry; Enzymatic reaction;
acrylic acid anhydride
2051-76-5

acrylic acid anhydride

N-tert-butyloxycarbonyl-β-tert-butyl-L-aspartyl-D-alaninol

N-tert-butyloxycarbonyl-β-tert-butyl-L-aspartyl-D-alaninol

acrylic acid
79-10-7

acrylic acid

Conditions
ConditionsYield
In pyridine; ethyl acetate; benzene97.8%
oxygen
80937-33-3

oxygen

acrolein
107-02-8

acrolein

acrylic acid
79-10-7

acrylic acid

Conditions
ConditionsYield
C150Cu2Mo12Nb2SbSi150V3.5 In nitrogen; water at 280℃;97.6%
Propiolic acid
471-25-0

Propiolic acid

acrylic acid
79-10-7

acrylic acid

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With hydrogen In methanol at 20℃; under 760.051 Torr; for 5h; Green chemistry;97%
With hydrogen In methanol under 760.051 Torr; for 5.5h;94%
With ethanol; colloid; palladium Hydrogenation;
With hydrogen In hexane at 40℃; under 750.075 Torr; for 12h; Catalytic behavior;
acrylic acid n-butyl ester
141-32-2

acrylic acid n-butyl ester

acrylic acid
79-10-7

acrylic acid

Conditions
ConditionsYield
94.1%
With carboxylesterase; Tris buffer In ethanol at 27℃; for 0.333333h; Enzyme kinetics; Hydrolysis; Enzymatic reaction;
n-butane
106-97-8

n-butane

A

maleic anhydride
108-31-6

maleic anhydride

B

acetic acid
64-19-7

acetic acid

C

acrylic acid
79-10-7

acrylic acid

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With oxygen; catalyst prepared according to U.S. Pat. No. 6,858,561 Product distribution / selectivity;A 94%
B n/a
C n/a
With oxygen; triethyl phosphate at 404 - 419℃; under 2475.25 - 3900.39 Torr; Product distribution / selectivity;A 54.1%
B n/a
C n/a
With oxygen; vanadia at 459.9℃; for 27h; Product distribution; various VPO catalysts in vapor phase, at various times;A 13.5%
B 0.14%
C 0.04%
propene
187737-37-7

propene

acrylic acid
79-10-7

acrylic acid

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With oxygen; B0.4Bi5Co2Fe0.4K0.1Mo12Na0.2Ni3O(x)Si24 at 331 - 410℃; Conversion of starting material; Gas phase;92%
With oxygen; Cu9Mo35Nb3Ni43O(x)Sb100Si20V7 at 300 - 330℃; Conversion of starting material; Gas phase;90.5%
Stage #1: propene With water; oxygen; catalyst with atomic ratio Mo12Bi1.2Fe1.1Co3K0.05W2 at 320℃;
Stage #2: With oxygen; catalyst with atomic ratio Mo12V5W1.2Cu2 on α-alumina carrier at 265℃; Product distribution / selectivity;
90%
trimethyleneglycol
504-63-2

trimethyleneglycol

A

acetaldehyde
75-07-0

acetaldehyde

B

acetic acid
64-19-7

acetic acid

C

acrylic acid
79-10-7

acrylic acid

D

acrolein
107-02-8

acrolein

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With water; oxygen at 269.84℃; under 148.515 Torr; for 0.00391667h;A n/a
B 9%
C 91%
D n/a
propene
187737-37-7

propene

A

acrylic acid
79-10-7

acrylic acid

B

acrolein
107-02-8

acrolein

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With water; oxygen; composite oxide containing Mo,Bi,Ni,Co,Fe,Na,B,K,Si from Comparative Example 1 at 315℃; under 760.051 Torr; for 0.000555556h; Conversion of starting material;A 2.9%
B 90.5%
With water; oxygen; composite oxide containing Mo,Bi,Ni,Co,Fe,Na,B,K,Si from Example 1 at 315℃; under 760.051 Torr; for 0.000555556h; Conversion of starting material;A 4.2%
B 90.1%
With water; oxygen; composite oxide containing Mo,Bi,Ni,Co,Fe,Na,B,K,Si from Comparative Example 2 at 315℃; under 760.051 Torr; for 0.000555556h; Conversion of starting material;A 3.8%
B 89%
allyl alcohol
107-18-6

allyl alcohol

acrylic acid
79-10-7

acrylic acid

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With potassium phosphate; carbon dioxide; CrH6Mo6O24(3-)*3H3N*3H(1+) In dimethyl sulfoxide at 80℃; under 750.075 Torr; for 24h; Green chemistry;90%
With ammonium cerium (IV) nitrate In water at 65 - 70℃; for 5h;84%
With tert.-butylhydroperoxide; copper(l) chloride In decane; acetonitrile at 20℃; for 4h;75%
3-mercaptopropionic acid
107-96-0

3-mercaptopropionic acid

acrylic acid
79-10-7

acrylic acid

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With air stream; silicate at 250 - 370℃; for 1h; N2 stream;90%
3-Bromopropionic acid
590-92-1

3-Bromopropionic acid

Tri-n-octylamine
1116-76-3

Tri-n-octylamine

acrylic acid
79-10-7

acrylic acid

Conditions
ConditionsYield
at 180℃; under 760.051 Torr;90%
LACTIC ACID
849585-22-4

LACTIC ACID

acrylic acid
79-10-7

acrylic acid

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With silica gel In water at 400℃; under 9639.89 Torr; Reagent/catalyst; Temperature; Pressure; Inert atmosphere;89.4%
With potassium metaphosphate; barium diphosphate; O13P4(6-)*3Ba(2+) In water at 350℃; for 3.7h; Catalytic behavior; Time; Reagent/catalyst; Concentration; Temperature;85%
With calcium sulfate; sodium sulfate at 400℃; mit Wasserdampf;
L-Lactic acid
79-33-4

L-Lactic acid

acrylic acid
79-10-7

acrylic acid

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With precursor catalyst 13 wt percent KPO3, 37 wt percent Ba2P2O7, 50 percent fused silica In water for 72h; Inert atmosphere; Heating; High pressure; Gas phase;88%
With dipotassium hydrogenphosphate; barium(II) nitrate; phosphoric acid In water at 375 - 450℃; Reagent/catalyst; Gas phase;
glycerol
56-81-5

glycerol

acrylic acid
79-10-7

acrylic acid

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With NbP1.0Ox Reagent/catalyst;87.4%
Stage #1: glycerol With sodium nitrate; diammonium hydrogenphosphate; water; boric acid at 360℃; Inert atmosphere;
Stage #2: With copper(I) oxide; antimony(III) trioxide; ammonium metavanadate; ammonium molybdate; vanadia; copper(II) nitrate at 360℃;
76%
With water; oxygen at 284.84℃; Inert atmosphere;59.2%
acrolein
107-02-8

acrolein

A

acetic acid
64-19-7

acetic acid

B

acrylic acid
79-10-7

acrylic acid

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With oxygen; catalyst based on molybdenum (Mo) and vanadium (V) at 309.4 - 321.7℃; Product distribution / selectivity;A 1.8%
B 86.2%
With oxygen at 230℃; Product distribution / selectivity;A 0.5%
B 86.8%
With silicon carbide; water; oxygen; Mo3VOx orthogonal modification at 189.84℃; Product distribution; Further Variations:; Catalysts;
With oxygen; mixed oxides of aluminum, molybdenum, silicon, vanadium and copper at 345℃; Gas phase;
With water; oxygen at 230℃; Reagent/catalyst; Flow reactor; Gas phase;
propene
187737-37-7

propene

ethane
74-84-0

ethane

propane
74-98-6

propane

acrylic acid
79-10-7

acrylic acid

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With oxygen; multimetal oxide catalyst at 274 - 316℃; Gas phase;86.1%
propene
187737-37-7

propene

propane
74-98-6

propane

ethene
74-85-1

ethene

acrylic acid
79-10-7

acrylic acid

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With oxygen; multimetal oxide catalyst at 274 - 316℃; Gas phase;86.1%
6-(2-carboxyethyl)-3-methylbenzo[4,5]thieno[3,2-c]isoquinolin-6-ium tetrafluoroborate

6-(2-carboxyethyl)-3-methylbenzo[4,5]thieno[3,2-c]isoquinolin-6-ium tetrafluoroborate

A

3-methylbenzo[4,5]thieno[3,2-c]isoquinoline

3-methylbenzo[4,5]thieno[3,2-c]isoquinoline

B

acrylic acid
79-10-7

acrylic acid

Conditions
ConditionsYield
In d(4)-methanol at 20 - 120℃; for 30h; Schlenk technique;A 86%
B n/a
propene
187737-37-7

propene

propane
74-98-6

propane

acrylic acid
79-10-7

acrylic acid

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With oxygen; multimetal oxide catalyst at 274 - 322℃; Gas phase;85.2%
With oxygen at 340 - 348℃; Temperature;76.6%
With oxygen; MmNnXxOo*with*A=Mo,*M=V,*N=Te,*X=Nb,*a=1,*m=0.01-1.0,*n=0.01-1.0,*n=0.01-1.0,*x=0.01-1.0,*o*is*dependent*on*the*oxidation*state*of*other*elements In water at 340 - 370℃; for 0.000833333h;17.7%
With oxygen at 140 - 320℃; under 1350.14 - 1575.16 Torr; Product distribution / selectivity;
propene
187737-37-7

propene

propane
74-98-6

propane

n-butane
106-97-8

n-butane

acrylic acid
79-10-7

acrylic acid

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With oxygen; multimetal oxide catalyst at 274 - 316.5℃; Gas phase;85.2%
1-butylene
106-98-9

1-butylene

propene
187737-37-7

propene

propane
74-98-6

propane

acrylic acid
79-10-7

acrylic acid

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With oxygen; multimetal oxide catalyst at 281 - 320℃; Gas phase;85%
propene
187737-37-7

propene

A

acetic acid
64-19-7

acetic acid

B

acrylic acid
79-10-7

acrylic acid

Conditions
ConditionsYield
Stage #1: propene With oxygen; catalyst based on molybdenum (Mo) and bismuth (Bi)
Stage #2: With oxygen; catalyst based on molybdenum (Mo) and vanadium (V) at 305.2 - 324.9℃; Product distribution / selectivity;
A 10.4%
B 82.9%
With oxygen Gas phase;
With oxygen Product distribution / selectivity; Gas phase; Industry scale;
acrylic acid
79-10-7

acrylic acid

propionic acid
802294-64-0

propionic acid

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With hydrogen; palladium(II) complex of ferrocenylamine sulfide (2) In acetone under 4137.2 Torr; for 6h; or with catalyst 3, 1.25 h;100%
With potassium hydroxide; hydrogen; K3HCo(CN)5; β‐cyclodextrin at 70℃; for 24h;81%
With sodium amalgam
acrylic acid
79-10-7

acrylic acid

acryloyl chloride
814-68-6

acryloyl chloride

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With thionyl chloride In N,N-dimethyl-formamide at 20℃; for 0.0833333h; Reagent/catalyst; Temperature;100%
With thionyl chloride98%
With oxalyl dichloride; N,N-dimethyl-formamide at 20 - 40℃; for 0.166667h; Product distribution / selectivity;96.2%
9-Ethyl-2-phenylimidazo<1,2-a>benzimidazole
2208-82-4

9-Ethyl-2-phenylimidazo<1,2-a>benzimidazole

acrylic acid
79-10-7

acrylic acid

3-(9-Ethyl-2-phenyl-9H-benzo[d]imidazo[1,2-a]imidazol-3-yl)-propionic acid
86043-52-9

3-(9-Ethyl-2-phenyl-9H-benzo[d]imidazo[1,2-a]imidazol-3-yl)-propionic acid

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With PPA at 70 - 90℃;100%
2-(4-bromo-phenyl)-9-methyl-9H-benzo[d]imidazo[1,2-a]imidazole
21431-83-4

2-(4-bromo-phenyl)-9-methyl-9H-benzo[d]imidazo[1,2-a]imidazole

acrylic acid
79-10-7

acrylic acid

3-[2-(4-Bromo-phenyl)-9-methyl-9H-benzo[d]imidazo[1,2-a]imidazol-3-yl]-propionic acid
115057-60-8

3-[2-(4-Bromo-phenyl)-9-methyl-9H-benzo[d]imidazo[1,2-a]imidazol-3-yl]-propionic acid

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With PPA100%
2-isopropylimino-3-isopropyl-5-methoxy-Δ4-oxazoline
71065-20-8

2-isopropylimino-3-isopropyl-5-methoxy-Δ4-oxazoline

acrylic acid
79-10-7

acrylic acid

1,3-diisopropyl-4-acryloxy-4-methoxy-2-oximidazoline
98580-10-0

1,3-diisopropyl-4-acryloxy-4-methoxy-2-oximidazoline

Conditions
ConditionsYield
In acetonitrile at 60℃; for 75h;100%
5-bromo-2H-pyran-2-one
19978-33-7

5-bromo-2H-pyran-2-one

acrylic acid
79-10-7

acrylic acid

(1S,4R,5S)-7-Bromo-3-oxo-2-oxa-bicyclo[2.2.2]oct-7-ene-5-carboxylic acid

(1S,4R,5S)-7-Bromo-3-oxo-2-oxa-bicyclo[2.2.2]oct-7-ene-5-carboxylic acid

Conditions
ConditionsYield
at 25℃; for 120h; Product distribution; diff. electron-rich and -poor dienophiles;100%
at 25℃; for 120h;100%
trisodium tris(3-sulfophenyl)phosphine
63995-70-0

trisodium tris(3-sulfophenyl)phosphine

acrylic acid
79-10-7

acrylic acid

C21H16O11PS3(3-)*3Na(1+)
115524-85-1

C21H16O11PS3(3-)*3Na(1+)

Conditions
ConditionsYield
In water100%
trisodium tris(3-sulfophenyl)phosphine
63995-70-0

trisodium tris(3-sulfophenyl)phosphine

acrylic acid
79-10-7

acrylic acid

C21H15(2)HO11PS3(3-)*3Na(1+)
115524-86-2

C21H15(2)HO11PS3(3-)*3Na(1+)

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With water-d2100%
sodium 3-(diphenylphosphanyl)benzenesulfonate
63995-75-5

sodium 3-(diphenylphosphanyl)benzenesulfonate

acrylic acid
79-10-7

acrylic acid

C21H18O5PS(1-)*Na(1+)
122865-78-5

C21H18O5PS(1-)*Na(1+)

Conditions
ConditionsYield
In water100%
sodium 3-(diphenylphosphanyl)benzenesulfonate
63995-75-5

sodium 3-(diphenylphosphanyl)benzenesulfonate

acrylic acid
79-10-7

acrylic acid

C21H17(2)HO5PS(1-)*Na(1+)
122865-80-9

C21H17(2)HO5PS(1-)*Na(1+)

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With water-d2100%
iodobenzene
591-50-4

iodobenzene

acrylic acid
79-10-7

acrylic acid

(E)-3-phenylacrylic acid
140-10-3

(E)-3-phenylacrylic acid

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With triethylamine; PdCl2(4,4'-bis(n-C10F21CH2OCH2)-2,2'-bpy) In N,N-dimethyl-formamide at 140℃; for 3h; Heck reaction;100%
With potassium carbonate; palladium dichloride In water at 20 - 100℃; Heck reaction; Inert atmosphere;99%
With potassium hydroxide In water at 90℃; for 5h; Mizoroki-Heck reaction;99%
para-iodoanisole
696-62-8

para-iodoanisole

acrylic acid
79-10-7

acrylic acid

(E)-3-(4-methoxyphenyl)acrylic acid
943-89-5

(E)-3-(4-methoxyphenyl)acrylic acid

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With tributyl-amine; (silica)CH2CH2CH2CN*Pd(0) In N,N-dimethyl-formamide at 100℃; for 10.5h; Heck reaction;100%
With potassium hydroxide; PS-PEG-NH-C(O)C6H4PPh2-PdCl(η3-C3H5) In toluene at 50℃; Heck reaction;98%
With tri-n-propylamine; triphenylphosphine; 3-methyl-1-[2-(perfluorodecyl)ethyl]imidazolium iodide; palladium diacetate In various solvent(s) at 120℃; for 2h; Mizoroki-Heck arylation;98%
acrylic acid
79-10-7

acrylic acid

Sodium 2-(perfluorooctyl)ethanesulfinate

Sodium 2-(perfluorooctyl)ethanesulfinate

3-(3,3,4,4,5,5,6,6,7,7,8,8,9,9,10,10,10-heptadecafluoro-decane-1-sulfonyl)-propionic acid

3-(3,3,4,4,5,5,6,6,7,7,8,8,9,9,10,10,10-heptadecafluoro-decane-1-sulfonyl)-propionic acid

Conditions
ConditionsYield
In ethanol at 50℃; for 16.5h; Addition; Michael addition;100%
6-(tetrahydropyran-2-yloxy)hex-1-ene
77022-44-7

6-(tetrahydropyran-2-yloxy)hex-1-ene

acrylic acid
79-10-7

acrylic acid

(E)-7-(Tetrahydro-pyran-2-yloxy)-hept-2-enoic acid

(E)-7-(Tetrahydro-pyran-2-yloxy)-hept-2-enoic acid

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With tricyclohexylphosphine[1,3-bis(2,4,6-trimethylphenyl)-4,5-dihydroimidazol-2-ylidine][benzylidene]ruthenium(II) dichloride In dichloromethane at 40℃; for 15h;100%
1-acryloyloxy-adamantane
121601-93-2

1-acryloyloxy-adamantane

acrylic acid
79-10-7

acrylic acid

adamantane-modified poly(acrylic acid), degree of adamantane groups 7.17 percent, radical polymerization ; monomer(s): 1-acryloyloxyadamantane; acrylic acid

adamantane-modified poly(acrylic acid), degree of adamantane groups 7.17 percent, radical polymerization ; monomer(s): 1-acryloyloxyadamantane; acrylic acid

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With 2,2'-azobis(isobutyronitrile) In methanol at 60℃; for 24h;100%
3-(acryloyloxy)-2-hydroxypropyl methacrylate; 3-(acryloyloxy)-2-hydroxypropyl methacrylate (cross-linked); mixture of

3-(acryloyloxy)-2-hydroxypropyl methacrylate; 3-(acryloyloxy)-2-hydroxypropyl methacrylate (cross-linked); mixture of

2-propenamide
79-06-1

2-propenamide

acrylic acid
79-10-7

acrylic acid

Reaxys ID: 11399887

Reaxys ID: 11399887

Conditions
ConditionsYield
Stage #1: 3-(acryloyloxy)-2-hydroxypropyl methacrylate; 3-(acryloyloxy)-2-hydroxypropyl methacrylate (cross-linked); mixture of; 2-propenamide; acrylic acid In water for 0.0333333h; pH=7.3; sodium phosphate buffer; sonication;
Stage #2: With bis(2-ethylhexyl) sulfosuccinate; BRIJ 30 In hexane; water at 20℃; for 0.333333h; sonication;
Stage #3: With ammonium peroxydisulfate; N,N,N,N,-tetramethylethylenediamine In hexane; water at 20℃; for 12h;
100%
acrylic acid
79-10-7

acrylic acid

(S)-3-(4-fluorobenzyl)-piperidine
275815-80-0

(S)-3-(4-fluorobenzyl)-piperidine

C15H18FNO

C15H18FNO

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With benzotriazol-1-yloxyl-tris-(pyrrolidino)-phosphonium hexafluorophosphate; triethylamine In dichloromethane at 20℃; for 24h;100%
benzyl dithiobenzoate
27249-90-7

benzyl dithiobenzoate

acrylic acid
79-10-7

acrylic acid

polyacrylic acid, Mn = 1810, Mw/Mn = 1.27; monomer(s): acrylic acid; benzyl dithiobenzoate; 2,6-di-tert-butyl-4-methylphenol

polyacrylic acid, Mn = 1810, Mw/Mn = 1.27; monomer(s): acrylic acid; benzyl dithiobenzoate; 2,6-di-tert-butyl-4-methylphenol

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With 4,4'-dicyano-4,4'-azo-di-valeric acid In ethanol at 95℃; for 1h;100%
acrylic acid
79-10-7

acrylic acid

bis(tri-n-butyltin)oxide
56-35-9

bis(tri-n-butyltin)oxide

tributyltin acrylate
13331-52-7

tributyltin acrylate

Conditions
ConditionsYield
In benzene100%
In benzene100%
92%
(2-aminoethanethiolato-N,S)bis(1,2-diaminoethane)cobalt(III) perchlorate

(2-aminoethanethiolato-N,S)bis(1,2-diaminoethane)cobalt(III) perchlorate

acrylic acid
79-10-7

acrylic acid

[(en)2Co(S(CH2CH2COOH)CH2CH2NH2)](ClO4)3

[(en)2Co(S(CH2CH2COOH)CH2CH2NH2)](ClO4)3

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With H(1+) In perchloric acid aq. HClO4; to the soln. of Co-compd. in aq. HClO4 was added an org. compd.; after 20 min the soln. was dild. with H2O; the react. mixt. was absorbed onto an ion-exchange column; washing with aq. HClO4, elution with NaClO4 (pH 2);; Ba(NO3)2 and K2SO4 were added; KClO4 and BaSO4 were removed by fitration; the soln. was condensed by rotoevapn. at 30°C and was filtered; addn. of HClO4, standing overnight at 8°C; recrystn. from HClO4, cooling for 4 h at the same temp.;;100%
2-[2-(heptafluoropropoxy)-tetrafluoroethyl]-ethyl alcohol
1024592-08-2

2-[2-(heptafluoropropoxy)-tetrafluoroethyl]-ethyl alcohol

acrylic acid
79-10-7

acrylic acid

acrylic acid 3,3,4,4-tetrafluoro-4-heptafluoropropyloxy-butyl ester
1030617-61-8

acrylic acid 3,3,4,4-tetrafluoro-4-heptafluoropropyloxy-butyl ester

Conditions
ConditionsYield
toluene-4-sulfonic acid100%
2-methylbenzene-1,4-diol; toluene-4-sulfonic acid In cyclohexane at 85℃; for 24h; Dean-Stark trap;83%
methyl 5-amino-3-tert-butyl-2-methoxybenzoate
1132941-02-6

methyl 5-amino-3-tert-butyl-2-methoxybenzoate

acrylic acid
79-10-7

acrylic acid

3-(3-tert-butyl-4-methoxy-5-(methoxycarbonyl)phenylamino)propanoic acid
1132941-85-5

3-(3-tert-butyl-4-methoxy-5-(methoxycarbonyl)phenylamino)propanoic acid

Conditions
ConditionsYield
In toluene for 24h; Reflux;100%
In toluene for 24h; Heating / reflux;
In toluene for 24h; Heating / reflux;
In toluene for 24h; Heating / reflux;
N,N-dimethylhydroxylamine hydrochloride
16645-06-0

N,N-dimethylhydroxylamine hydrochloride

acrylic acid
79-10-7

acrylic acid

3-(dimethylazinoyl)propanoic acid
1016981-67-1

3-(dimethylazinoyl)propanoic acid

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With triethylamine In methanol at 20℃;100%
acrylic acid
79-10-7

acrylic acid

methyl 6-iodo-4-(phenylmethoxy)-2H-benzo1,3-dioxolene-5-carboxylate

methyl 6-iodo-4-(phenylmethoxy)-2H-benzo1,3-dioxolene-5-carboxylate

methyl (E)-4-(benzyloxy)-6-(2-carboxyvinyl)-1,3-benzodioxole-5-carboxylate
1193340-93-0

methyl (E)-4-(benzyloxy)-6-(2-carboxyvinyl)-1,3-benzodioxole-5-carboxylate

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With tributyl-amine; palladium diacetate; tetra-(n-butyl)ammonium iodide In N,N-dimethyl-formamide at 100℃; for 2.5h; Heck reaction; Inert atmosphere;100%
N-(2,6-dibromo-4-heptafluoroisopropylphenyl)-3-amino-2-fluorobenzamide
1207314-94-0

N-(2,6-dibromo-4-heptafluoroisopropylphenyl)-3-amino-2-fluorobenzamide

acrylic acid
79-10-7

acrylic acid

3-(3-(2,6-dibromo-4-(perfluoropropan-2-yl)phenylcarbamoyl)-2-fluorophenylamino)propanoic acid
1207315-06-7

3-(3-(2,6-dibromo-4-(perfluoropropan-2-yl)phenylcarbamoyl)-2-fluorophenylamino)propanoic acid

Conditions
ConditionsYield
at 60 - 80℃; for 3h;100%
4-iodobenzoic acid
619-58-9

4-iodobenzoic acid

acrylic acid
79-10-7

acrylic acid

4-(2-carboxyvinyl)benzoic acid
19675-63-9, 56148-65-3

4-(2-carboxyvinyl)benzoic acid

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With D-glucose; palladium diacetate; triethylamine In water; acetonitrile at 100℃; for 16h; Sealed tube;100%
With sodium carbonate In water at 100℃; for 24h; Mizoroki-Heck reaction;94.9%
With tributyl-amine; potassium carbonate In N,N-dimethyl-formamide Heck Reaction; Green chemistry;73%
diethylamine
109-89-7

diethylamine

acrylic acid
79-10-7

acrylic acid

N,N-diethyl-β-alanine
6972-41-4

N,N-diethyl-β-alanine

Conditions
ConditionsYield
at 20 - 35℃; for 1.05h; Sealed reactor;100%
With hydroquinone at 40 - 100℃; under 760.051 Torr; for 2h; Temperature; Reagent/catalyst; Autoclave;96%

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