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Sodium chloride

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Name

Sodium chloride

EINECS 231-598-3
CAS No. 7647-14-5 Density 2.165 g/cm3
PSA 0.00000 LogP -2.99600
Solubility in water: 359 g/L, in ammonia: 21.5 g/L, in methanol: 14.9 g/L Melting Point 801 °C, 1074 K, 1474 °F
Formula NaCl Boiling Point 1413 °C, 1686 K, 2575 °F
Molecular Weight 58.44 Flash Point 1413°C
Transport Information Appearance Colorless crystals
Safety 24/25-26-36 Risk Codes 36-36/37/38-22
Molecular Structure Molecular Structure of 7647-14-5 (Sodium chloride) Hazard Symbols IrritantXi
Synonyms

Sodium chloride (8CI);Table salt;Sodium chloric;Saline;Halite;Common salt;Hypersal;Natriumchlorid;Sodium chloride Pharma;Crude Salt (NaCl);Crude salt;Sodium chloride for injection;Rock salt;Anhydrous sodium chloride;Rode Salt;

 

Sodium chloride Synthetic route

7790-99-0

Iodine monochloride

7757-82-6

sodium sulfate

7647-14-5

sodium chloride

Conditions
ConditionsYield
evaporated, with excess of ICl;100%
evaporated, with excess of ICl;100%
7631-99-4

sodium nitrate

7647-14-5

sodium chloride

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With hydrogenchloride In neat (no solvent) passing dry HCl over NaNO3 at 130°C over period of 2 to 3 h;; slow heating to 400°C to get rid of HNO3 traces;;100%
With HCl In neat (no solvent) passing dry HCl over NaNO3 at 130°C over period of 2 to 3 h;; slow heating to 400°C to get rid of HNO3 traces;;100%
7722-84-1

dihydrogen peroxide

7782-50-5

chlorine

1310-73-2

sodium hydroxide

7782-44-7

oxygen

B

7647-14-5

sodium chloride

Conditions
ConditionsYield
In water H2O2 soln. poured onto porous glass plate within the singlet O2 generator (closed glass system, under Ar), spent liquid discarded into the lower flask, Cl2 (1-2 kPa) admitted, alkali soln. poured in, evolution of singlet O2 over a period of 12-16 min.; luminiscence spectroscopy, calorimetry;A 100%
B n/a
113976-09-3

dineopentylgalliumchloride

7664-41-7

ammonia

A

((CH3)3CCH2)2GaNH2

B

7647-14-5

sodium chloride

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With sodium In neat (no solvent) Ar-atmosphere; stirring (-70°C, 1 h); evapn., extg. (pentane); elem. anal.;A n/a
B 100%
16940-66-2

sodium tetrahydroborate

lithium chloride

A

lithium borohydride

B

7647-14-5

sodium chloride

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With 1,3-dioxolane In further solvent(s) (N2); salts mixt. (1/1 molar ratio) stirred at 25-74°C for 1-48 h in 1,3-dioxolane; heated (vac.);A 99%
B n/a
With isopropylamine In further solvent(s) (N2); salts mixt. (1/1 molar ratio) stirred at 25-34°C for 2-8 hin isopropylamine; heated (vac.);A 97-100
B n/a
With C4H8O In tetrahydrofuran (N2); salts mixt. (1/1 molar ratio) stirred at 25-67°C for 1-48 h in THF; heated (vac.);
With diethyl ether In diethyl ether (N2); salts mixt. (1/1 molar ratio) stirred at 35°C for 1-48 h in Et2O; heated (vac.);
With 1,2-dimethoxyethane In 1,2-dimethoxyethane (N2); salts mixt. (1/1 molar ratio) stirred at 0-85°C for 1-72 hin monoglyme; heated (vac.);
7647-01-0

hydrogenchloride

497-19-8

sodium carbonate

A

116973-99-0

H2CO3*CH3CH2OCH2CH3

B

7647-14-5

sodium chloride

Conditions
ConditionsYield
In diethyl etherA 99%
B n/a
In diethyl etherA 99%
B n/a
7647-01-0

hydrogenchloride

497-19-8

sodium carbonate

A

3890-73-1

Kohlenstoffoxid-bis-(hydroxid)-mono-dimethylaetherat

B

7647-14-5

sodium chloride

Conditions
ConditionsYield
In Dimethyl etherA 99%
B n/a
In Dimethyl etherA 99%
B n/a

Na2[(C10H8)(Ga(CH2C(CH3)3)2Cl)2]

7664-41-7

ammonia

A

((CH3)3CCH2)2GaNH2

B

7647-14-5

sodium chloride

Conditions
ConditionsYield
In tetrahydrofuran Ar-atmosphere; stirring (-78°C, 18 h); evapn. (vac.), drying (dynamic vac., 40 h), extg. (pentane), filtering, subliming (55°C);A 52%
B 99%

sodium azide

copper dichloride

A

copper(I) nitride

B

7647-14-5

sodium chloride

Conditions
ConditionsYield
In tetrahydrofuran byproducts: N2; High Pressure; CuCl2 and NaN3 ground, placed into a stainless steel reactor, solvent added, sealed, heated to ca. 50°C, ca. 100°C, and 185°C with regulated rates (the total react. time of ca. 3-5 d); cooled to room temp., dried (vac.), NaCl sepd. with MeOH under N2, filtered, dried (vac.); obtained as nanocrystals;A 98%
B n/a
In toluene byproducts: N2; High Pressure; CuCl2 and NaN3 ground, placed into a stainless steel reactor, solvent added, sealed, heated to ca. 50°C, ca. 100°C, and 185°C with regulated rates (the total react. time of ca. 3-5 d); cooled to room temp., dried (vac.), NaCl sepd. with MeOH under N2, filtered, dried (vac.); obtained as nanocrystals;A 85%
B n/a
In m-xylene at 116-135°C for 14 h to 1.5 d; not isolated, detected by IR, XRD;

(naphthalene)Yb2(THF)3(NaCl)3

A

ytterbium(III) oxide

B

91-20-3

naphthalene

C

7647-14-5

sodium chloride

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With air In tetrahydrofuran stirred for 18 h under dry air; centrifuged, washed with benzene and water (Yb2O3), naphthalene detd. by GLC in the organic layer, aq. soln. contains NaCl;A 98%
B 98%
C 96%
2768-02-7

(vinyl)trimethoxylsilane

7440-23-5

sodium

copper dichloride

71-36-3

butan-1-ol

A

copper sodium vinylsiloxane

B

7647-14-5

sodium chloride

Conditions
ConditionsYield
In methanol; water Na addn. to methanolic soln. of Si-compd., refluxing (1 h), methanolic soln. of Cu-compd. addn., refluxing (2 h), MeOH distillation off with simultaneous addn. of butanol, refluxing (15 min); NaCl filtration off, solvent evapn. to crystn., after 48 h crystals sepn., drying (20°C); elem. anal.;A 97.6%
B 98%
64-17-5

ethanol

13822-56-5

3-(trimethoxysilyl)propan-1-amine

1310-73-2

sodium hydroxide

copper dichloride

A

copper sodium γ-aminopropylsiloxane

B

7647-14-5

sodium chloride

Conditions
ConditionsYield
In methanol; water Si-compd. dissoln. in MeOH, aq. soln. of NaOH addn., refluxing (1 h), soln. of Cu-compd. in MeOH addn., refluxing (30 min), MeOH distillation off with simultaneous addn. of EtOH; NaCl filtration off, solvent removing; elem. anal.;A 93%
B 98%
16892-64-1

2,2,4,4,6,6-hexamethyl-1,3,5,2,4,6-trithiatristanninane

30066-82-1

N-chloro-p-chlorobenzenesulfonamide sodium salt

A

206008-10-8

CH3OSn(CH3)2S(NSO2C6H4Cl)Sn(CH3)2SSn(CH3)2NHSO2C6H4Cl

B

7704-34-9

sulfur

C

7647-14-5

sodium chloride

Conditions
ConditionsYield
In methanol soln. of N-compd. addn. to soln. of Sn compd. (vacuum, stirring), heating (50°C, 30 min); mixture cooling (ice bath), ppt. filtration off and extracting with water to remove NaCl and with acetone to remove S, alcoholic filtrate vacuumevapn., residue treating with diethyl ether, soln. decanting and vacuum evapn.; elem. anal.;A 92%
B 33%
C 98%
2996-92-1

phenyl trimethylsiloxane

7440-23-5

sodium

copper dichloride

A

copper sodium phenylsiloxane

B

7647-14-5

sodium chloride

Conditions
ConditionsYield
In ethanol; water elem. anal.;A 90.3%
B 96%
2768-02-7

(vinyl)trimethoxylsilane

1310-73-2

sodium hydroxide

manganese(ll) chloride

71-36-3

butan-1-ol

A

manganese vinylsiloxane

B

7647-14-5

sodium chloride

Conditions
ConditionsYield
In methanol; water soln. of NaOH addn. to soln. of Si-compd., refluxing, soln. of Mn-compd.addn., refluxing, MeOH distillation off with simultaneous addn. of buta nol; NaCl filtration off, solvent evapn.; elem. anal.;A 87%
B 95.5%
1461-22-9

tributyltin chloride

7440-23-5

sodium

23873-81-6

benzildioxime

A

256524-18-2

C6H5C(NOH)C(NO)C6H5Sn(CH2CH2CH2CH3)3

B

7647-14-5

sodium chloride

Conditions
ConditionsYield
In isopropyl alcohol; benzene strictly anhydrous conditions; addn. of Na to excess of i-PrOH, refluxing (0.5 h), cooling, addn. of oxime, refluxing (2 h), cooling, addn. of stoichiom. amt. of Sn compound in benzene, refluxing (2 h); sovent removal (reduced pressure), filtration off of NaCl, crystn. (benzene/petroleum ether); elem. anal.;A 95%
B n/a
420-04-2

CYANAMID

506-77-4

cyanogen chloride

A

76989-89-4

sodium N-cyanoisourea

B

1934-75-4

sodium dicyanamide

C

7647-14-5

sodium chloride

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With sodium hydroxide In water at 70 - 75℃; under 1050.11 Torr; pH=7.2 - 8.0; Purification / work up;A n/a
B 94%
C n/a
16940-66-2

sodium tetrahydroborate

7446-70-0

aluminium trichloride

BF3-triglymate

A

7784-18-1

aluminum(III) fluoride

B

7647-14-5

sodium chloride

C

19287-45-7

diborane

Conditions
ConditionsYield
In further solvent(s) soln. NaBH4 in triglyme was added slowly for 2-3 h at room temp. to BF3-triglyme, AlCl3 in triglyme; B2H6 was absorbed with THF;A n/a
B n/a
C 94%
16940-66-2

sodium tetrahydroborate

7446-70-0

aluminium trichloride

BF3-tetraglymate

A

7784-18-1

aluminum(III) fluoride

B

7647-14-5

sodium chloride

C

19287-45-7

diborane

Conditions
ConditionsYield
In further solvent(s) soln. NaBH4 in triglyme was added slowly for 2-3 h at room temp. to BF3-tetraglyme, AlCl3 in triglyme; B2H6 was absorbed with THF;A n/a
B n/a
C 94%
10025-82-8

indium(III) chloride

sodium pentamethylcyclopentadienide

A

indiumpentamethylcyclopentadienide

B

69446-48-6

decamethylfulvalene

C

7647-14-5

sodium chloride

Conditions
ConditionsYield
In tetrahydrofuran soln. of InCl3 and Na-compd. mixed,, stirred for 18h; molar ratio In-compd : Li-compd = 1:3; exclusion of air and moisture; solvent removed, pentane distilled onto poducts, sublimation; elem. anal.;A 65.9%
B 83.9%
C 94%

CH3C6H4NCHC6H2(CH3)(CO)OHRh(P(C6H5)3)2Cl2

7632-00-0

sodium nitrite

222532-71-0

CH(O)C6H2(CH3)(CO)ORh(P(C6H5)3)2NO2

B

7647-14-5

sodium chloride

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With H2O In dichloromethane; acetone byproducts: CH3C6H4NH2*HCl; stirring (0.5 h), evapn. (reduced pressure); filtering, washing (H2O), drying (vac.); elem. anal.;A 94%
B n/a
2996-92-1

phenyl trimethylsiloxane

7440-23-5

sodium

manganese(ll) chloride

71-36-3

butan-1-ol

A

manganese phenylsiloxane

B

7647-14-5

sodium chloride

Conditions
ConditionsYield
In methanol; ethanol elem. anal.;A 42.5%
B 94%
13755-29-8

sodium tetrafluoroborate

28966-81-6

trans-bis(triphenylphosphine)palladium dichloride

10349-38-9

p-methoxyphenylisocyanide

110313-86-5

trans-{(PPh3)2Pd(CNC6H4-p-OMe)Cl}BF4

B

7647-14-5

sodium chloride

Conditions
ConditionsYield
In acetone under inert gas; dropwise addn. of the isocyanide in acetone to the suspn. of the Pd complex in acetone in presence of NaBF4 at room temp.; stirring for 1 h; solvent removed, residue dissolved in CH2Cl2; soln. filtered and concd., addn. of Et2O yields the solid; elem. anal.;A 93%
B n/a
13755-29-8

sodium tetrafluoroborate

14056-88-3

trans-dichlorobis(triphenylphosphine)platinum(II)

931-53-3

Cyclohexyl isocyanide

110313-80-9

trans-{(PPh3)2Pt(CNC6H11)Cl}BF4

B

7647-14-5

sodium chloride

Conditions
ConditionsYield
In acetone under inert gas; dropwise addn. of the isocyanide in acetone to the suspn. of the Pt complex in acetone in presence of NaBF4 at room temp.; stirring for 1 h; solvent removed, residue dissolved in CH2Cl2; soln. filtered and concd., addn. of Et2O yields the solid; elem. anal.;A 92%
B n/a
7647-01-0

hydrogenchloride

sodium hydrogen sulfide

A

7783-06-4

hydrogen sulfide

B

7647-14-5

sodium chloride

Conditions
ConditionsYield
-78°C;A n/a
B 92%
108-89-4

picoline

10025-82-8

indium(III) chloride

4679-12-3, 61373-02-2

sodium 3,5-di-tert-butyl-o-benzosemiquinolate

A

159650-04-1

[InCl(((CH3)3C)2C6H2O2)(CH3C5H4N)2]

B

7647-14-5

sodium chloride

Conditions
ConditionsYield
In tetrahydrofuran byproducts: H2; N2, blue soln. of semiquinone sodium salt added dropwise over 1 h to a soln. of In-salt, stirred for 2 h at room temp., NaCl removed from intermediate products by filtrn., excess 4-picoline added to the filtrate; collected, dried, recrystd. (toluene/THF); elem. anal.; formn. of In(I)and other species also discussed;A 50%
B 92%

sodium azide

199918-52-0

chlorobis[3-(dimethylamino)propyl]aluminium

185536-86-1

azidobis[3-(dimethylamino)propyl]aluminium

B

7647-14-5

sodium chloride

Conditions
ConditionsYield
In tetrahydrofuran N2-atmosphere; refluxing (15 h); evapn. (vac.), sublimation (100°C, 10E-04 Torr);A 92%
B n/a
7440-23-5

sodium

75-36-5

acetyl chloride

7647-14-5

sodium chloride

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With diethyl malonate In ethanol; toluene Na was dissolved in EtOH at room temp., diethylmalonate was added, toluene was added, soln. phenacyl chloride in toluene was added at room temp.; ppt. was centrifugated and washed with EtOH; powder X-ray diffraction;92%

sodium dicarbonyl(cyclopentadienyl)ferrate

18143-50-5

1-chloro-2-chloromethyl-1,1,2,2-tetramethyl-disilane

A

255852-10-9

(η5-C5H5)Fe(CO)2SiMe2SiMe2CH2Fe(CO)2(η5-C5H5)

B

7647-14-5

sodium chloride

Conditions
ConditionsYield
In tetrahydrofuran to THF soln. (Fp)Na was added to THF soln. ClCH2SiMe2SiMe2Cl at ambienttemp. and stirred for 2 h; solvent was removed and product was extd. into hexane, solvent was evapd. and residue was chromed. on silica using hexane as eluent; elem. anal.;A 91%
B n/a
16940-66-2

sodium tetrahydroborate

13755-29-8

sodium tetrafluoroborate

7446-70-0

aluminium trichloride

A

7784-18-1

aluminum(III) fluoride

B

7647-14-5

sodium chloride

C

19287-45-7

diborane

Conditions
ConditionsYield
In further solvent(s) soln. NaBH4 in triglyme (tetraglyme) was added slowly for 2-3 h at roomtemp. to NaBF4 and AlCl3 in triglyme (tetraglyme); B2H6 was absorbed with THF;A n/a
B n/a
C 90%

ammonium carbonate

7664-41-7

ammonia

7647-14-5

sodium chloride

497-19-8

sodium carbonate

Conditions
ConditionsYield
In water NH3 passed into a soln. of (NH4)2CO3-NaCl until satn.; product free of Cl and NH3;100%
In water NH3 passed into a soln. of (NH4)2CO3-NaCl until satn.; product free of Cl and NH3;100%
7440-67-7

zirconium

beryllium

10026-11-6

zirconium(IV) chloride

7647-14-5

sodium chloride

Na4[(Zr6Be)Cl16]

Conditions
ConditionsYield
In neat (no solvent) stoichiometric mixture, sealed Ta container, 800-850°C;100%
In neat (no solvent) heating of stoich. amts. of reagents in a sealed Ta tube at 700-860°C for 2-3 weeks; identified by single crystal X-ray diffraction;>90
In neat (no solvent) mixt. of Zr, ZrCl4, NaCl and Be was sealed under Ar in Nb or Ta ampule; heated;

fluorosilicic acid

7647-14-5

sodium chloride

sodium hexafluorosilicate

Conditions
ConditionsYield
In water pptn. from H2SiF6 soln. (12%) by NaCl soln. (60% excess);;100%
In water pptn. from H2SiF6 soln. (12%) by NaCl soln. (60% excess);;100%
In water pptn. from H2SiF6 soln. (12%) by NaCl soln. (20% excess);;90%

sodium chlorate

uranium oxide

7647-14-5

sodium chloride

sodium uranate

Conditions
ConditionsYield
In neat (no solvent) gradual addn. of NaClO3 to melt of U3O8 and NaCl; very slow, but complete react.;;100%
In neat (no solvent) gradual addn. of NaClO3 to melt of U3O8 and NaCl; very slow, but complete react.;;100%

uranium oxide

497-19-8

sodium carbonate

7647-14-5

sodium chloride

sodium uranate

Conditions
ConditionsYield
In neat (no solvent) using same amt. of NaCl and Na2CO3;;100%
In neat (no solvent) using same amt. of NaCl and Na2CO3;;100%
7782-50-5

chlorine

7647-14-5

sodium chloride

sodium chlorate

Conditions
ConditionsYield
In water at 353 K, in diaphragm electrolyzer, at pH 2.1-3.0;100%
In water byproducts: NaOCl; at 353 K, in diaphragm electrolyzer, at pH 4.0-6.0;98.1%
In water byproducts: NaOCl; at 353 K, in diaphragm electrolyzer, at pH 6.0-8.0;96%
81353-33-5

m-carboran-9-yl(phenyl)iodonium tetrafluoroborate

7647-14-5

sodium chloride

A

591-50-4

iodobenzene

B

17819-85-1

9-chloro-m-carborane

Conditions
ConditionsYield
In chloroform; water mixt. of aryl(m-carboran-9-yl)iodonium tetrafluoroborate, NaF, water and chloroform was vigorously stirred under reflux at 56°C, 1 h; internal standard (chlorobenzene) added and org. layer was analysed by GLC;A 100%
B 100%
99506-45-3

4-methoxyphenyl(m-carboran-9-yl)iodonium tetrafluoroborate

7647-14-5

sodium chloride

A

17157-02-7

9-iodo-m-carborane

B

17819-85-1

9-chloro-m-carborane

C

696-62-8

para-iodoanisole

D

100-66-3

methoxybenzene

Conditions
ConditionsYield
In chloroform; water mixt. of aryl(m-carboran-9-yl)iodonium tetrafluoroborate, NaCl, water and chloroform was vigorously stirred under reflux at 56°C, 2-2.5 h; internal standard (chlorobenzene) added and org. layer was analysed by GLC;A 0%
B 100%
C 100%
D 0%
99506-39-5

4-fluorophenyl(m-carboran-9-yl)iodonium tetrafluoroborate

7647-14-5

sodium chloride

A

462-06-6

fluorobenzene

B

17157-02-7

9-iodo-m-carborane

C

17819-85-1

9-chloro-m-carborane

D

352-34-1

4-fluoro-1-iodobenzene

Conditions
ConditionsYield
In chloroform; water mixt. of aryl(m-carboran-9-yl)iodonium tetrafluoroborate, NaCl, water and chloroform was vigorously stirred under reflux at 56°C, 2-2.5 h; internal standard (chlorobenzene) added and org. layer was analysed by GLC;A 0%
B 0%
C 100%
D 100%
99506-41-9

3-nitrophenyl(m-carboran-9-yl)iodonium tetrafluoroborate

7647-14-5

sodium chloride

A

645-00-1

m-iodonitrobenzene

B

17157-02-7

9-iodo-m-carborane

C

17819-85-1

9-chloro-m-carborane

D

98-95-3

nitrobenzene

Conditions
ConditionsYield
In chloroform; water mixt. of aryl(m-carboran-9-yl)iodonium tetrafluoroborate, NaCl, water and chloroform was vigorously stirred under reflux at 56°C, 2-2.5 h; internal standard (chlorobenzene) added and org. layer was analysed by GLC;A 100%
B 0%
C 100%
D 0%
99506-43-1

2,4,6-trimethylphenyl(m-carboran-9-yl)iodonium tetrafluoroborate

7647-14-5

sodium chloride

A

17157-02-7

9-iodo-m-carborane

B

17819-85-1

9-chloro-m-carborane

C

4028-63-1

iodomesitylene

D

108-67-8

1,3,5-trimethyl-benzene

Conditions
ConditionsYield
In chloroform; water mixt. of aryl(m-carboran-9-yl)iodonium tetrafluoroborate, NaF, water and chloroform was vigorously stirred under reflux at 56°C, 2.5 h; internal standard (chlorobenzene) added and org. layer was analysed by GLC;A 0%
B 100%
C 100%
D 0%

3-cyclopentadienyl-4-dimethylsulfido-8-trifluoroacetomercuro-3-ferra-1,2-dicarba-closo-dodecaborane

67-64-1

acetone

7647-14-5

sodium chloride

8-chloromercuro-3-cyclopentadienyl-4-dimethylsulfido-3-ferra-1,2-dicarba-closo-dodecaborane acetone solvate (1:1)

Conditions
ConditionsYield
In water; acetone inert atm.; satd. aq. NaCl added slowly with stirring to a soln. of the complex in acetone at 20°C; ppt. filtered off, washed with water and dried in vacuo; recrystn. from acetone; elem. anal.;100%

C6H10(NCHC6H2C(CH3)3OHC15H10O(C(CH3)3)2)2(C6H4COOH)2

6156-78-1

manganese (II) acetate tetrahydrate

7647-14-5

sodium chloride

MnCl(C6H10(NCHC6H2C(CH3)3OC15H10O(C(CH3)3)2)2(C6H4COOH)2)

Conditions
ConditionsYield
In ethanol xanthene-compound was added to Mn(CH3CO2)2*4H2O in abs. ethanol, the soln. was refluxed in air for 2 h, cooled, aq. satd. NaCl was added, the mixt. was stirred for 10 min; extd. with CH2Cl2, the organic layer was washed with water, dried over MgSO4, the solid was rotary evapd.; elem. anal.;100%

{[(cyclopentadienyl)Co(diphenylphosphite(-1H))3]2Yb}+{CoCl3(THF)}-·2(benzene)

7647-14-5

sodium chloride

{[(cyclopentadienyl)Co(diphenylphosphite(-1H))3]2Yb}+Cl-

Conditions
ConditionsYield
In acetone Inert atmosphere;100%

C56H70Co2N4O4

7647-14-5

sodium chloride

C56H70Cl2Co2N4O4

Conditions
ConditionsYield
Stage #1: C56H70Co2N4O4 With oxygen; toluene-4-sulfonic acid In dichloromethane for 24h;
Stage #2: sodium chloride In water
100%

ammonium hexachloridoplatinate(IV)

7782-41-4

fluorine

7647-14-5

sodium chloride

sodium hexafluoridoplatinate(IV)

Conditions
ConditionsYield
at 450℃; for 144h; Inert atmosphere; Milling;100%
33100-27-5

15-crown-5

7647-14-5

sodium chloride

7646-85-7

zinc(II) chloride

C10H20NaO5(1+)*Cl3Zn(1-)

Conditions
ConditionsYield
Stage #1: 15-crown-5; sodium chloride In water at 20℃; for 12h;
Stage #2: zinc(II) chloride In ethanol for 12h; Reflux;
100%
33100-27-5

15-crown-5

iron(III) chloride hexahydrate

7647-14-5

sodium chloride

Cl4Fe(1-)*C10H20NaO5(1+)

Conditions
ConditionsYield
Stage #1: 15-crown-5; sodium chloride In water at 20℃; for 12h;
Stage #2: iron(III) chloride hexahydrate In ethanol for 12h; Reflux;
100%

C38H29F2NPPt(1+)*BF4(1-)

7647-14-5

sodium chloride

C38H29ClF2NPPt

Conditions
ConditionsYield
In acetone at 20℃;100%

{5,10,15,20-tetrakis[4-(1-carba-closo-dodecaboran-1-yl)tetraphenyl]-17,18-dihydroporphyrin}tetracesium

7647-14-5

sodium chloride

{5,10,15,20-tetrakis[4-(1-carba-closo-dodecaboran-1-yl)tetraphenyl]-17,18-dihydroporphyrin}tetrasodium

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With DOWEX 50 WX8 100-200 ion exchange resin In acetone99.5%

{5,10,15,20-tetrakis[4-(1-carba-closo-dodecaboran-1-yl)tetrafluorophenyl]-17,18-dihydroporphyrin}tetracesium

7647-14-5

sodium chloride

{5,10,15,20-tetrakis[4-(1-carba-closo-dodecaboran-1-yl)tetrafluorophenyl]-17,18-dihydroporphyrin}tetrasodium

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With DOWEX 50 WX8 100-200 ion exchange resin In acetone99.5%
98-98-6

2-Picolinic acid

7647-14-5

sodium chloride

palladium dichloride

22602-40-0

[Pd(picolinic acid)2]

Conditions
ConditionsYield
In water to aq. soln. Na2(PdCl4), prepared in situ by react. PdCl2 and NaCl, was added pyridine-2-carboxylic acid in water and stirred for 2 h; ppt. was filtered, washed with water and acetone, and dried in vacuo; elem. anal.;99%
23176-18-3

bis(diphenylphosphino)methane monooxide

7647-14-5

sodium chloride

palladium dichloride

113377-86-9, 150337-07-8

PdCl2((C6H5)2PCH2P(O)(C6H5)2)2

Conditions
ConditionsYield
In methanol; dichloromethane evapn., extg. (CH2Cl2), filtering, pptn. on concg. and ether addn. (-15°C, overnight), washing (ether), drying (vac.);99%

Sodium chloride Consensus Reports

Reported in EPA TSCA Inventory. EPA Genetic Toxicology Program.

Sodium chloride Specification

Both the IUPAC name and product name of this chemical are the same which is called Sodium chloride. With the CAS register number 7647-14-5. The substance is an ionic compound with the formula NaCl. Sodium chloride is soluble in water and glycerol, but insoluble in alcohol. Sodium chloride is stable. You must avoid contact with strong acids which when in contact may evolve chlorine gas. Sodium chloride will become corrosive to metals when wet. What's more, its EINECS number is 231-598-3.

Physical properties about Sodium chloride are: Water solution of Sodium chloride is alkaline with the PH value 6.7-7.3. It is soluble in water, salty, and has low thermal conductivity. In addition, it won't conduct electricity. Sodium chloride has a strong hygroscopicity and can deliquesce easily. Rock salt is the most widely content in salt mine.

Preparation of Sodium chloride: Salt is currently mass-produced by evaporation of seawater or brine from other sources, such as brine wells and salt lakes, and by mining rock salt, called halite. Using sold salt dissoves in distilled water. The mixture is boiled after addition of sodium hydroxide, then is stored overnight and filtered. You should keep filtrate clean and then cool down it simultaneously put into pure HCl gas to make the mixture saturated. After that, crystal of Sodium chloride will separate out. There are also three methods of Sodium chloride production and purification: brine solution, rock salt mining, and the open pan or grainer process:

To produce Sodium chloride from brine, water is pumped into the salt deposit and the saturated salt solution containing 26% salt, 73.5% water, and 0.5% impurities, is removed. Hydrogen sulfide is removed by aeration, and oxidation with chlorine. Calcium (Ca2+), magnesium (Mg2+), and iron (Fe3+) are precipitated as the carbonates using soda ash and are removed in a settling tank. The brine solution can be sold directly or it can be evaporated to give salt of 99.8% purity.

Rock salt is produced from deep mines so that the salt is taken directly from the deposit. Salt obtained by this method is 98.5 to 99.4% pure.

In the open pan or grainer salt method, hot brine solution is held in an open pan approximately 4 to 6 meters wide, 45 to 60 meters long, and 60 cm deep at 96°C. Flat, pure sodium chloride crystals form on the surface and fall to the bottom and are raked to a centrifuge, separated from the brine, and dried. A purity of 99.98% is obtained. A vacuum pan system is also available.

Uses of Sodium chloride: As the major ingredient in edible salt, Sodium chloride is commonly used as a condiment and food preservative. Sodium chloride can manufacture pulp and paper, to setting dyes in textiles and fabric, to producing soaps, detergents, and other bath products. Sodium chloride is sometimes used as a cheap and safe desiccant because of its hygroscopic properties.

Salt also is added to secure the soil and to provide firmness to the foundation on which highways are built. Road salt ends up in fresh water bodies and could harm aquatic plants and animals by disrupting their osmoregulation ability. The industrial uses of salt include, in descending order of quantity consumed, various applications, oil and gas exploration, textiles and dyeing, pulp and paper, metal processing, tanning and leather treatment, and rubber manufacture. It is used to flocculate and increase the density of the drilling fluid to overcome high downwell gas pressures.

In textiles and dyeing, salt is used as a brine rinse to separate organic contaminants, to promote “salting out” of dyestuff precipitates, and to blend with concentrated dyes to standardize them. In metal processing, salt is used in concentrating uranium ore into uranium oxide (yellow cake). It also is used in processing aluminium, beryllium, copper, steel and vanadium. In the pulp and paper industry, salt is used to bleach wood pulp. It also is used to make sodium chlorate. In rubber manufacture, salt is used to make buna, neoprene and white rubber types.

When you are using Sodium chloride, you should be very cautious about it. It is irritant and harmful if swallowed. In addition, Sodium chloride is irritating to eyes, respiratory system and skin. You must avoid contact with skin and eyes. In case of contact with eyes, you should rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice. Whenever you will contact or use Sodium chloride, please wear suitable protective clothing.

You can still convert the following datas into molecular structure:
(1)Canonical SMILES: [Na+].[Cl-]
(2)InChI: InChI=1S/ClH.Na/h1H;/q;+1/p-1
(3)InChIKey: FAPWRFPIFSIZLT-UHFFFAOYSA-M

Toxicity data of Sodium chloride:

Organism Test Type Route Reported Dose (Normalized Dose) Effect Source
dog LDLo intravenous 2gm/kg (2000mg/kg) BEHAVIORAL: SOMNOLENCE (GENERAL DEPRESSED ACTIVITY) Archiv fuer Experimentelle Pathologie und Pharmakologie. Vol. 21, Pg. 119, 1886.
guinea pig LDLo intraarterial 300mg/kg (300mg/kg)   Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archiv fuer Experimentelle Pathologie und Pharmakologie. Vol. 131, Pg. 171, 1928.
guinea pig LDLo intravenous 300mg/kg (300mg/kg)   Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archiv fuer Experimentelle Pathologie und Pharmakologie. Vol. 131, Pg. 171, 1928.
guinea pig LDLo parenteral 300mg/kg (300mg/kg)   Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archiv fuer Experimentelle Pathologie und Pharmakologie. Vol. 131, Pg. 171, 1928.
guinea pig LDLo subcutaneous 2160mg/kg (2160mg/kg)   "Abdernalden's Handbuch der Biologischen Arbeitsmethoden." Vol. 4, Pg. 1289, 1935.
human TDLo oral 12357mg/kg/23 (12357mg/kg) VASCULAR: BP ELEVATION NOT CHARACTERIZED IN AUTONOMIC SECTION American Journal of Digestive Diseases. Vol. 21, Pg. 180, 1954.
man LDLo oral 1gm/kg (1000mg/kg) SENSE ORGANS AND SPECIAL SENSES: OTHER: EYE

BEHAVIORAL: CHANGES IN MOTOR ACTIVITY (SPECIFIC ASSAY)
Mayo Clinic Proceedings. Vol. 65, Pg. 1587, 1990.
mouse LD50 intracervical 131mg/kg (131mg/kg)   Tohoku Yakka Daigaku Kenkyu Nempo. Annual Report of the Tohoku College of Pharmacy. Vol. 27, Pg. 131, 1980.
mouse LD50 intraperitoneal 2602mg/kg (2602mg/kg)   Comptes Rendus Hebdomadaires des Seances, Academie des Sciences. Vol. 256, Pg. 1043, 1963.
mouse LD50 intravenous 645mg/kg (645mg/kg)   Arzneimittel-Forschung. Drug Research. Vol. 7, Pg. 445, 1957.
mouse LD50 oral 4gm/kg (4000mg/kg)   Farmaco, Edizione Pratica. Vol. 27, Pg. 19, 1972.
mouse LD50 subcutaneous 3gm/kg (3000mg/kg)   Arzneimittel-Forschung. Drug Research. Vol. 7, Pg. 445, 1957.
rabbit LD50 skin > 10gm/kg (10000mg/kg)   BIOFAX Industrial Bio-Test Laboratories, Inc., Data Sheets. Vol. 20-3/1971,
rabbit LDLo intravenous 1100mg/kg (1100mg/kg) BEHAVIORAL: CONVULSIONS OR EFFECT ON SEIZURE THRESHOLD

BEHAVIORAL: MUSCLE CONTRACTION OR SPASTICITY)

CARDIAC: OTHER CHANGES
Archiv fuer Experimentelle Pathologie und Pharmakologie. Vol. 21, Pg. 119, 1886.
rabbit LDLo oral 8gm/kg (8000mg/kg)   "Abdernalden's Handbuch der Biologischen Arbeitsmethoden." Vol. 4, Pg. 1289, 1935.
rat LC50 inhalation > 42gm/m3/1H (42000mg/m3)   BIOFAX Industrial Bio-Test Laboratories, Inc., Data Sheets. Vol. 20-3/1971,
rat LD50 oral 3gm/kg (3000mg/kg)   Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology. Vol. 20, Pg. 57, 1971.
rat LDLo subcutaneous 3500mg/kg (3500mg/kg) BEHAVIORAL: IRRITABILITY Endocrinology Vol. 24, Pg. 523, 1939.

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