Air & Water Reactions
Highly flammable. Slightly soluble in water.
A water-white liquid. Flash point near 125°F. Less dense than water. May be mildly toxic by ingestion and inhalation. Used as a solvent.
N,N-Dipropyl-1-propanamine is incompatible with oxidizing agents . Neutralizes acids in exothermic reactions to form salts plus water. May be incompatible with isocyanates, halogenated organics, peroxides, phenols (acidic), epoxides, anhydrides, and acid halides. Flammable gaseous hydrogen may be generated in combination with strong reducing agents, such as hydrides.
ChEBI: A tertiary amine that is ammonia in which each hydrogen atom is substituted by a propyl group.
Special Hazards of Combustion Products: Irritating vapors and toxic gases, such as nitrogen oxides and carbon monoxide, may be formed when involved in fire.
Dry the amine with KOH and fractionally distil it. Also reflux it with toluene-p-sulfonyl chloride and with KOH, then fractionally distil it. The distillate, after additon of 2% phenyl isocyanate, was redistilled and the residue fractionally distilled from sodium. [Takahashi et al. J Org Chem 52 2666 1987, Beilstein 4 IV 470.]
Exposure can cause irritation of eyes, nose and throat. Toxic by inhalation or ingestion.