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Sodium formate

Base Information Edit
  • Chemical Name:Sodium formate
  • CAS No.:141-53-7
  • Deprecated CAS:84050-15-7,84050-16-8,84050-17-9,1015855-65-8,1015855-65-8,84050-16-8,84050-17-9
  • Molecular Formula:CHNaO2
  • Molecular Weight:68.0075
  • Hs Code.:2915.12
  • European Community (EC) Number:205-488-0
  • ICSC Number:1165
  • UNII:387AD98770
  • DSSTox Substance ID:DTXSID2027090
  • Nikkaji Number:J43.162A
  • Wikipedia:Sodium formate
  • Wikidata:Q409209
  • NCI Thesaurus Code:C84156
  • ChEMBL ID:CHEMBL183491
  • Mol file:141-53-7.mol
Sodium formate

Synonyms:aluminum formate;ammonium formate;ammonium tetraformate;calcium formate;chromic formate;cobalt(II) formate dihydrate;cobaltous formate;cupric formate;formate;formic acid;formic acid, 14C-labeled;formic acid, aluminum salt;formic acid, ammonium (2:1) salt;formic acid, ammonium (4:1) salt;formic acid, ammonium salt;formic acid, cadmium salt;formic acid, calcium salt;formic acid, cesium salt;formic acid, cobalt (+2) salt;formic acid, copper (+2) salt;formic acid, copper salt;formic acid, copper, ammonium salt;formic acid, copper, nickel salt;formic acid, cromium (+3) salt;formic acid, cromium (+3), sodium (4:1:1) salt;formic acid, lead (+2) salt;formic acid, lead salt;formic acid, lithium salt;formic acid, magnesium salt;formic acid, nickel (+2) salt;formic acid, nickel salt;formic acid, potassium salt;formic acid, rubidium salt;formic acid, sodium salt;formic acid, sodium salt, 13C-labeled;formic acid, sodium salt, 14C-labeled;formic acid, strontium salt;formic acid, thallium (+1) salt;formic acid, zinc salt;lead formate;lithium formate;magnesium formate;methanoic acid;nickel formate;nickel formate dihydrate;potassium formate;sodium formate;strontium formate;zinc formate

Suppliers and Price of Sodium formate
Supply Marketing:Edit
Business phase:
The product has achieved commercial mass production*data from LookChem market partment
Manufacturers and distributors:
  • Manufacture/Brand
  • Chemicals and raw materials
  • Packaging
  • price
  • Usbiological
  • Sodium Formate
  • 5g
  • $ 312.00
  • TRC
  • Sodium Formate
  • 250g
  • $ 135.00
  • TCI Chemical
  • Sodium Formate >97.0%(T)
  • 500g
  • $ 34.00
  • Sigma-Aldrich
  • Sodium formate 99.998% trace metals basis
  • 25g
  • $ 146.00
  • Sigma-Aldrich
  • Sodium formate for analysis EMSURE ACS,Reag. Ph Eur
  • 1064439050
  • $ 5900.00
  • Sigma-Aldrich
  • Sodium formate for analysis EMSURE? ACS,Reag. Ph Eur
  • 50 kg
  • $ 5651.75
  • Sigma-Aldrich
  • Sodium formate reagent grade, 97%
  • 4kg
  • $ 119.00
  • Sigma-Aldrich
  • Sodium formate for analysis EMSURE ACS,Reag. Ph Eur
  • 1064430500
  • $ 111.00
  • Sigma-Aldrich
  • Sodium formate anhydrous, free-flowing, Redi-Dri
  • 500g
  • $ 107.00
  • Sigma-Aldrich
  • Sodium formate for analysis EMSURE? ACS,Reag. Ph Eur
  • 500 g
  • $ 106.37
Total 443 raw suppliers
Chemical Property of Sodium formate Edit
Chemical Property:
  • Appearance/Colour:white crystals 
  • Vapor Pressure:36.5mmHg at 25°C 
  • Melting Point:259-262 °C(lit.) 
  • Boiling Point:100.6 °C at 760 mmHg 
  • PKA:3.86[at 20 ℃] 
  • Flash Point:29.9 °C 
  • PSA:40.13000 
  • Density:1.16 g/mL at 20 °C 
  • LogP:-0.99800 
  • Storage Temp.:2-8°C 
  • Sensitive.:Hygroscopic 
  • Solubility.:H2O: 8 M at 20 °C, clear, colorless 
  • Water Solubility.:Soluble 
  • Hydrogen Bond Donor Count:0
  • Hydrogen Bond Acceptor Count:2
  • Rotatable Bond Count:0
  • Exact Mass:67.98742355
  • Heavy Atom Count:4
  • Complexity:13.5

99% *data from raw suppliers

Sodium Formate *data from reagent suppliers

Safty Information:
  • Pictogram(s): IrritantXi 
  • Hazard Codes:Xi 
  • Statements: 36/37/38-67-36 
  • Safety Statements: 26-37/39-36-24/25 
MSDS Files:

SDS file from LookChem

Total 1 MSDS from other Authors

  • Chemical Classes:Metals -> Organic Acids, Metal Salts
  • Canonical SMILES:C(=O)[O-].[Na+]
  • Inhalation Risk:Evaporation at 20 °C is negligible; a nuisance-causing concentration of airborne particles can, however, be reached quickly.
  • Effects of Short Term Exposure:The substance is irritating to the eyes and respiratory tract.
  • Uses 1. Sodium formate is mainly for the production of formic acid, oxalic acid and insurance powder and so on. 2. It is used as the reagent for the determination of phosphorus and arsenic, disinfectant and mordant. 3. It is used as preservatives, with diuretic effect. It is mutatis mutandis in EEC countries, but the British are not allowed to use. 4. Sodium formate is used as intermediates in the production of formic acid and oxalic acid, but also for the production of dimethyl formamide, also used in medicine, printing and dyeing industry. It is also heavy metal precipitant. 5. It is used as alkyd paints, plasticizers, high explosives, acid-resistant materials, aviation lubricants, additives of adhesives. 6. It is used for precipitating noble metal, may form trivalent metal complex ions in the solution. With buffer effect, it can be used for correcting pH value of strong mineral acids to be higher. It is precipitant of heavy metal. Sodium formate is used in several fabric dyeing and printing processes. It is also used as a buffering agent for strong mineral acids to increase their pH, and as a food additive ( E237 ) . Precipitant for noble metals. In dyeing and printing fabrics; also In animal chemistry as a precipitant for the "noble" metals. Solubilizes trivalent metal ions in solution by forming complex ions. Buffering action adjusts the pH of strong mineral acids to higher values.
  • Production method 1. It is obtained in industrial by the reaction of carbon monoxide with sodium hydroxide at 150-170 ℃, about 2MPa. In fact, the production process of sodium formate is part of the production of sodium oxalate, the concentration of sodium hydroxide solution for absorbing the reaction was 25%-30%. Sodium formate can be produced by the reaction of formic acid with oxygen or sodium bicarbonate. Material consumption fixed: Carbon monoxide (> 28%) 1630kg/t, caustic soda (> 30%) 2160kg/t. 2. It is the byproduct of pentaerythritol. 2. It is obtained by the reaction of carbon monoxide with sodium hydroxide at 160 ℃, 2MPa.
  • Description Sodium formate, HCOONa, is the sodium salt of formic acid, HCOOH. It usually appears as a white deliquescent powder.
  • Physical properties White crystals; slightly hygroscopic; faint odor of formic acid; density 1.92 g/cm3; melts at 253°C; decomposes on further heating, first forming sodium oxalate and hydrogen and then sodium carbonate; very soluble in water; the aqueous solution neutral, pH about 7; soluble in glycerol; slightly soluble in alcohol; insoluble in ether.
Technology Process of Sodium formate

There total 177 articles about Sodium formate which guide to synthetic route it. The literature collected by LookChem mainly comes from the sharing of users and the free literature resources found by Internet computing technology. We keep the original model of the professional version of literature to make it easier and faster for users to retrieve and use. At the same time, we analyze and calculate the most feasible synthesis route with the highest yield for your reference as below:

synthetic route:
Guidance literature:
With formic acid ethyl ester; at 30 ℃; for 3h; Temperature;
Guidance literature:
With oxygen; sodium hydroxide; at 150 ℃; for 2h; under 15001.5 Torr; Reagent/catalyst; Autoclave;
Guidance literature:
With carbon dioxide; triphenylphosphine; In acetonitrile; Irradiation (UV/VIS); (Ar or N2); UV irradn. (>420 nm) of soln. of W compd. and PPh3 with stirring at ca. 20°C for ca. 12 h under CO2 pressure, formed ppt. was sepd.; W compds. were detected IR spect. in filtrate, not isolated; NaHCOO detected 1HNMR spect. in D2O soln. of ppt.; Na2CO3 and NaHCO3 detd. in aq. soln. of ppt. by titrn.;
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