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144-55-8 Usage

Incompatibilities

Sodium bicarbonate reacts with acids, acidic salts, and many alkaloidal salts, with the evolution of carbon dioxide. Sodium bicarbonate can also intensify the darkening of salicylates. In powder mixtures, atmospheric moisture or water of crystallization from another ingredient is sufficient for sodium bicarbonate to react with compounds such as boric acid or alum. In liquid mixtures containing bismuth subnitrate, sodium bicarbonate reacts with the acid formed by hydrolysis of the bismuth salt. In solution, sodium bicarbonate has been reported to be incompatible with many drug substances such as ciprofloxacin, amiodarone, nicardipine, and levofloxacin.

Uses

Sodium bicarbonate, used in the formof baking soda and baking powder, is the most common leavening agent. When baking soda,which is an alkaline substance, is added to a mix, it reacts with an acid ingredient to producecarbon dioxide. The reaction can be represented as: NaHCO3(s) + H+ → Na+(aq) + H2O(l) +CO2(g), where H+ is supplied by the acid. Baking powders contain baking soda as a primaryingredient along with acid and other ingredients. Depending on the formulation, bakingpowders can produce carbon dioxide quickly as a single action powder or in stages, as with adouble-action powder. Baking soda is also used as a source of carbon dioxide for carbonatedbeverages and as a buffer.In addition to baking, baking soda has numerous household uses. It is used as a generalcleanser, a deodorizer, an antacid, a fire suppressant, and in personal products such as toothpaste.Sodium bicarbonate is a weak base in aqueous solution, with a pH of about 8. Thebicarbonate ion (HCO3-) has amphoteric properties, which means it can act as either an acidor a base. This gives baking soda a buff ering capacity and the ability to neutralize both acidsand bases. Food odors resulting from acidic or basic compounds can be neutralized with bakingsoda into odor-free salts. Because sodium bicarbonate is a weak base, it has a greater abilityto neutralize acid odors.The second largest use of sodium bicarbonate, accounting for approximately 25% of totalproduction, is as an agricultural feed supplement. In cattle it helps maintain rumen pH andaids fiber digestibility; for poultry it helps maintain electrolyte balance by providing sodiumin the diet, helps fowl tolerate heat, and improves eggshell quality.Sodium bicarbonate is used in the chemical industry as a buff ering agent, a blowingagent, a catalyst, and a chemical feedstock. Sodium bicarbonate is used in the leather tanningindustry for pretreating and cleaning hides and to control pH during the tanning process.Heating sodium bicarbonate produces sodium carbonate, which is used for soap and glassmaking.Sodium bicarbonate is incorporated into pharmaceuticals to serve as an antacid, abuff ering agent, and in formulations as a source of carbon dioxide in eff ervescent tablets. Drychemical type BC fire extinguishers contain sodium bicarbonate (or potassium bicarbonate).Other uses of bicarbonate include pulp and paper processing, water treatment, and oil welldrilling.

General Description

Odorless white crystalline powder or lumps. Slightly alkaline (bitter) taste. pH (of freshly prepared 0.1 molar aqueous solution): 8.3 at 77°F. pH (of saturated solution): 8-9. Non-toxic.

Veterinary Drugs and Treatments

Sodium bicarbonate is indicated to treat metabolic acidosis and alkalinize the urine. It is also used as adjunctive therapy in treating hypercalcemic or hyperkalemia crises.

Uses

manufacture of many sodium salts; source of CO2; ingredient of baking powder, effervescent salts and beverages; in fire extinguishers, cleaning Compounds.

Chemical Properties

Sodium bicarbonate, NaHC03, also known as sodium acid carbonate and baking soda, is a white water-soluble crystalline solid.It has an alkaline taste, loses carbon dioxide at 270°C (518 °F).and is used in food preparation. Sodium bicarbonate also finds use as a medicine,a butter preservative, in ceramics,and to prevent timber mold.

Pharmaceutical Applications

Sodium bicarbonate is usually administered orally in order to regulate the serum pH. Imbalances of the plasma pH can be due to problems occurring in the kidneys such as renal tubular acidosis. Within the kidneys, blood is filtered before it passes through the tubular part of the nephrons where re-absorption or secretion of important salts and others takes place. In renal tubular acidosis, the kidneys either fail to filter or secrete acid ions (H+) from the plasma (secretion takes place in the distal tubule), or to recover bicarbonate ions (HCO3-) from the filtrate (passive re-absorption takes place in the proximal tubule, active re-absorption at the distal tubule), which is necessary to balance the pH. In the view of this mode of action, the pharmaceutically active component of sodium bicarbonate is the bicarbonate anion, but the cation Na+ is responsible for solubility and compatibility.

Air & Water Reactions

Stable in dry air, but slowly decomposes in moist air. Moderately water soluble. Decomposes slowly in water (accelerated by agitation) .

Purification Methods

Crystallise it from hot water (6mL/g). The solid should not be heated above 40o due to the formation of carbonate.

Uses

Sodium Bicarbonate is a leavening agent with a ph of approxi- mately 8.5 in a 1% solution at 25°c. it functions with food grade phosphates (acidic leavening compounds) to release carbon dioxide which expands during the baking process to provide the baked good with increased volume and tender eating qualities. it is also used in dry-mix beverages to obtain carbonation, which results when water is added to the mix containing the sodium bicarbonate and an acid. it is a component of baking powder. it is also termed baking soda, bicarbonate of soda, sodium acid carbonate, and sodium hydrogen carbonate.

storage

When heated to about 50℃, sodium bicarbonate begins to dissociate into carbon dioxide, sodium carbonate, and water; on heating to 250–300℃, for a short time, sodium bicarbonate is completely converted into anhydrous sodium carbonate. However, the process is both time- and temperature-dependent, with conversion 90% complete within 75 minutes at 93°C. The reaction proceeds via surface-controlled kinetics; when sodium bicarbonate crystals are heated for a short period of time, very fine needleshaped crystals of anhydrous sodium carbonate are formed on the sodium bicarbonate surface. The effects of relative humidity and temperature on the moisture sorption and stability of sodium bicarbonate powder have been investigated. Sodium bicarbonate powder is stable below 76% relative humidity at 25℃ and below 48% relative humidity at 40℃. At 54% relative humidity, the degree of pyrolytic decarboxylation of sodium bicarbonate should not exceed 4.5% in order to avoid detrimental effects on stability.At ambient temperatures, aqueous solutions slowly decompose with partial conversion into the carbonate; the decomposition is accelerated by agitation or heat. Aqueous solutions begin to break up into carbon dioxide and sodium carbonate at about 20°C, and completely on boiling. Aqueous solutions of sodium bicarbonate may be sterilized by filtration or autoclaving. To minimize decomposition of sodium bicarbonate by decarboxylation on autoclaving, carbon dioxide is passed through the solution in its final container, which is then hermetically sealed and autoclaved. The sealed container should not be opened for at least 2 hours after it has returned to ambient temperature, to allow time for the complete reformation of the bicarbonate from the carbonate produced during the heating process. Aqueous solutions of sodium bicarbonate stored in glass containers may develop deposits of small glass particles. Sediments of calcium carbonate with traces of magnesium or other metal carbonates have been found in injections sterilized by autoclaving; these are due to impurities in the bicarbonate or to extraction of calcium and magnesium ions from the glass container. Sedimentation may be retarded by the inclusion of 0.01–0.02% disodium edetate. Sodium bicarbonate is stable in dry air but slowly decomposes in moist air and should therefore be stored in a well-closed container in a cool, dry place.

Uses

sodium bicarbonate (baking soda) is an inorganic salt used as a buffering agent and a pH adjuster, it also serves as a neutralizer. It is used in skin-smoothing powders.

Biological Activity

Commonly used laboratory reagent

Production Methods

Sodium bicarbonate is manufactured either by passing carbon dioxide into a cold saturated solution of sodium carbonate, or by the ammonia–soda (Solvay) process, in which first ammonia and then carbon dioxide is passed into a sodium chloride solution to precipitate sodium bicarbonate while the more soluble ammonium chloride remains in solution.

Chemical Properties

Sodium bicarbonate occurs as an odorless, white, crystalline powder with a saline, slightly alkaline taste. The crystal structure is monoclinic prisms. Grades with different particle sizes, from a fine powder to free-flowing uniform granules, are commercially available.

Physical properties

White crystalline powder or granules; monoclinic crystals; density 2.20 g/cm3; decomposes around 50°C, begins to lose carbon dioxide; converts to sodium carbonate at 100°C; soluble in water, 10g/100 mL at 20°C; slowly decomposes to CO2 and Na2CO3 in aqueous solution at ambient temperature; decomposes to Na2CO3 in boiling water; aqueous solution slightly alkaline; pH of 0.1M solution at 25°C is about 8.3; insoluble in alcohol; decomposes in acids.

Production Methods

Most sodium bicarbonate in the United States is made synthetically by the reaction of sodium carbonate solution (Na2CO3) with carbon dioxide: Na2CO3(aq) + H2O(l) + CO2(g) → 2NaHCO3(aq). It can also be produced using the Solvay process, which uses ammonia, carbon dioxide, and salt to produce sodium bicarbonate according to the following series of reactions: 2NH3(g) + CO2(g) + H2O(l) → (NH4)2CO3(aq)(NH4)2CO3(aq) + CO2(g) + H2O(l) → 2NH3HCO3(aq)NH4HCO3(aq) + NaCl(aq) → NaHCO3(s) + NH4Cl(aq).

Regulatory Status

GRAS listed. Accepted for use as a food additive in Europe. Included in the FDA Inactive Ingredients Database (injections; ophthalmic preparations; oral capsules, solutions, and tablets). Included in parenteral (intravenous infusions and injections) and nonparenteral medicines (chewing gums; ear drops; eye lotions; oral capsules, chewable tablets, effervescent powders, effervescent tablets, granules, soluble tablets, orodispersible tablets, and tablets; suppositories and suspensions) licensed in the UK.

Safety Profile

Low toxicity by ingestion. An experimental teratogen. A nuisance dust. Human systemic effects: changes in potassium levels, increased urine volume, metabolic acidosis, nausea or vomiting, respiratory changes, sodium level changes. Mutation data reported.

Brand name

Neut (Abbott); Soda Mint (Lilly).

Safety

Sodium bicarbonate is used in a number of pharmaceutical formulations including injections and ophthalmic, otic, topical, and oral preparations. Sodium bicarbonate is metabolized to the sodium cation, which is eliminated from the body by renal excretion, and the bicarbonate anion, which becomes part of the body’s bicarbonate store. Any carbon dioxide formed is eliminated via the lungs. Administration of excessive amounts of sodium bicarbonate may thus disturb the body’s electrolyte balance, leading to metabolic alkalosis or possibly sodium overload with potentially serious consequences. The amount of sodium present in antacids and effervescent formulations has been sufficient to exacerbate chronic heart failure, especially in elderly patients. Orally ingested sodium bicarbonate neutralizes gastric acid with the evolution of carbon dioxide and may cause stomach cramps and flatulence. When used as an excipient, sodium bicarbonate is generally regarded as an essentially nontoxic and nonirritant material. LD50 (mouse, oral): 3.36 g/kg LD50 (rat, oral): 4.22 g/kg

Fire Hazard

Literature sources indicate that Sodium bicarbonate is noncombustible.

Pharmaceutical Applications

Sodium bicarbonate is generally used in pharmaceutical formulations as a source of carbon dioxide in effervescent tablets and granules. It is also widely used to produce or maintain an alkaline pH in a preparation. In effervescent tablets and granules, sodium bicarbonate is usually formulated with citric and/or tartaric acid; combinations of citric and tartaric acid are often preferred in formulations as citric acid alone produces a sticky mixture that is difficult to granulate, while if tartaric acid is used alone, granules lose firmness. When the tablets or granules come into contact with water, a chemical reaction occurs, carbon dioxide is evolved, and the product disintegrates. Melt granulation in a fluidized bed dryer has been suggested as a one-step method for the manufacture of effervescent granules composed of anhydrous citric acid and sodium bicarbonate, for subsequent compression into tablets. Tablets may also be prepared with sodium bicarbonate alone since the acid of gastric fluid is sufficient to cause effervescence and disintegration. Sodium bicarbonate is also used in tablet formulations to buffer drug molecules that are weak acids, thereby increasing the rate of tablet dissolution and reducing gastric irritation. The effects of tablet binders, such as polyethylene glycols, microcrystalline cellulose, silicified microcrystalline cellulose, pregelatinized starch, and povidone, on the physical and mechanical properties of sodium bicarbonate tablets have also been investigated.( 8,9) Additionally, sodium bicarbonate is used in solutions as a buffering agent for erythromycin, lidocaine, local anesthetic solutions, and total parenteral nutrition (TPN) solutions. In some parenteral formulations, e.g. niacin, sodium bicarbonate is used to produce a sodium salt of the active ingredient that has enhanced solubility. Sodium bicarbonate has also been used as a freeze-drying stabilizer and in toothpastes. Recently, sodium bicarbonate has been used as a gas-forming agent in alginate raft systems and in floating, controlledrelease oral dosage forms for a range of drugs. Tablet formulations containing sodium bicarbonate have been shown to increase the absorption of paracetamol, and improve the stability of levothyroxine. Sodium bicarbonate has also been included in formulations of vaginal bioadhesive tablets and in carbon dioxide releasing suppositories. Therapeutically, sodium bicarbonate may be used as an antacid, and as a source of the bicarbonate anion in the treatment of metabolic acidosis. Sodium bicarbonate may also be used as a component of oral rehydration salts and as a source of bicarbonate in dialysis fluids; it has also been suggested as a means of preventing radiocontrast-induced nephrotoxicity. Sodium bicarbonate is used in food products as an alkali or as a leavening agent, e.g. baking soda.

Definition

Baking soda: A white solid formed either by passing an excess of carbon dioxide through sodium carbonate or hydroxide solution, or by precipitation when cold concentrated solutions of sodium chloride and ammonium hydrogencarbonate are mixed. Sodium hydrogencarbonate decomposes on heating to give sodium carbonate, carbon dioxide, and water. With dilute acids, it yields carbon dioxide. It is used as a constituent of baking powder, in effervescent beverages, and in fire extinguishers. Its aqueous solutions are alkaline as a result of salt hydrolysis. Sodium hydrogencarbonate forms monoclinic crystals.

Reactivity Profile

Sodium bicarbonate reacts exothermically with acids to generate non-toxic carbon dioxide gas. Decomposes when heated. Incompatible with acids, acidic salts (dopamine hydrochloride, pentazocine lactate, many alkaloidal salts) aspirin and bismuth salicylate.

Description

Sodium bicarbonate, which is the compound commonly called baking soda, exists as a white, odorless, crystalline solid. It occurs naturally as the mineral nahcolite, which derives its name from its chemical formula by replacing the “3” in NaHCO3 with the ending “lite.” The world’s main source of nahcolite is the Piceance Creek Basin in western Colorado, which is part of the larger Green River formation. Sodium bicarbonate is extracted using solution mining by pumping hot water through injection wells to dissolve the nahcolite from the Eocene beds where it occurs 1,500 to 2,000 feet below the surface. The dissolved sodium bicarbonate is pumped to the surface where it is treated to recover NaHCO3 from solution. Sodium bicarbonate can also be produced from the trona deposits, which is a source of sodium carbonates (see Sodium Carbonate).
InChI:InChI=1/CH2O3.2Na/c2-1(3)4;;/h(H2,2,3,4);;/q;2*+1/p-2

144-55-8 Well-known Company Product Price

Brand (Code)Product description CAS number Packaging Price Detail
Alfa Aesar (10863)  Sodium hydrogen carbonate, Puratronic?, 99.998% (metals basis)    144-55-8 10g 864.0CNY Detail
Alfa Aesar (10863)  Sodium hydrogen carbonate, Puratronic?, 99.998% (metals basis)    144-55-8 50g 3421.0CNY Detail
Alfa Aesar (14707)  Sodium hydrogen carbonate, ACS, 99.7-100.3%    144-55-8 500g 283.0CNY Detail
Alfa Aesar (14707)  Sodium hydrogen carbonate, ACS, 99.7-100.3%    144-55-8 2kg 645.0CNY Detail
Alfa Aesar (14707)  Sodium hydrogen carbonate, ACS, 99.7-100.3%    144-55-8 10kg 1910.0CNY Detail
Alfa Aesar (A17005)  Sodium hydrogen carbonate, 99%    144-55-8 500g 219.0CNY Detail
Alfa Aesar (A17005)  Sodium hydrogen carbonate, 99%    144-55-8 2500g 620.0CNY Detail
Alfa Aesar (A17005)  Sodium hydrogen carbonate, 99%    144-55-8 10000g 1188.0CNY Detail
Fluka (88208)  Sodiumbicarbonate  for HPLC, ≥99.0% 144-55-8 88208-250G-F 360.36CNY Detail
Sigma-Aldrich (S6014)  Sodiumbicarbonate  ACS reagent, ≥99.7% 144-55-8 S6014-25G 377.91CNY Detail
Sigma-Aldrich (S6014)  Sodiumbicarbonate  ACS reagent, ≥99.7% 144-55-8 S6014-50KG 7,587.45CNY Detail
Sigma-Aldrich (S6014)  Sodiumbicarbonate  ACS reagent, ≥99.7% 144-55-8 S6014-500G 472.68CNY Detail

144-55-8SDS

SAFETY DATA SHEETS

According to Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) - Sixth revised edition

Version: 1.0

Creation Date: Aug 10, 2017

Revision Date: Aug 10, 2017

1.Identification

1.1 GHS Product identifier

Product name sodium hydrogencarbonate

1.2 Other means of identification

Product number -
Other names Sodium hydrogenocarbonate

1.3 Recommended use of the chemical and restrictions on use

Identified uses For industry use only.
Uses advised against no data available

1.4 Supplier's details

1.5 Emergency phone number

Emergency phone number -
Service hours Monday to Friday, 9am-5pm (Standard time zone: UTC/GMT +8 hours).

More Details:144-55-8 SDS

144-55-8Synthetic route

CYANAMID
420-04-2

CYANAMID

sodium hydroxide
1310-73-2

sodium hydroxide

B

sodium hydrogencarbonate
144-55-8

sodium hydrogencarbonate

Conditions
ConditionsYield
In methanol after N. A. Gol'dberg and V. G. Golov, Zh. Prikl. Khim., 35, 2106 (1962);A 98%
B 2%
carbon dioxide
124-38-9

carbon dioxide

water
7732-18-5

water

sodium chloride
7647-14-5

sodium chloride

sodium hydrogencarbonate
144-55-8

sodium hydrogencarbonate

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With ammonium chloride In water Gluud-Loepmann process: sepn. of pptd. NaHCO3 and NH4Cl;; very pure product;;95%
With ammonia In ammonia byproducts: NH4Cl; process includes NH4Cl recovery: treatment with CO2 under pressure;;
With CaHPO4 In water heating CaHPO4 and NaCl in presence of H2O vapor to 700-900°C, treatment of the resulting Na-Ca phosphate in H2O with CO2, formation of NaHCO3 and CaHPO4;;
3-Benzyloxycarbonylamino-1-(2-propyl)-5-(2,2,2-trifluoroethyl)-1,5-benzodiazepine-2-one

3-Benzyloxycarbonylamino-1-(2-propyl)-5-(2,2,2-trifluoroethyl)-1,5-benzodiazepine-2-one

A

3-Amino-1-(2-propyl)-5-(2,2,2-trifluoroethyl)-1,5-benzodiazepine-2-one

3-Amino-1-(2-propyl)-5-(2,2,2-trifluoroethyl)-1,5-benzodiazepine-2-one

B

sodium hydrogencarbonate
144-55-8

sodium hydrogencarbonate

Conditions
ConditionsYield
In hydrogen bromide; acetic acidA 88%
B n/a
1,3,5-trichloro-2,4,6-triazine
108-77-0

1,3,5-trichloro-2,4,6-triazine

(1-carbamoylmethyl-cyclohexylmethyl)-carbamic acid tert-butyl ester
227626-61-1

(1-carbamoylmethyl-cyclohexylmethyl)-carbamic acid tert-butyl ester

A

(1-cyanomethyl-cyclohexylmethyl)-carbamic acid tert-butyl ester
227626-62-2

(1-cyanomethyl-cyclohexylmethyl)-carbamic acid tert-butyl ester

B

sodium hydrogencarbonate
144-55-8

sodium hydrogencarbonate

Conditions
ConditionsYield
In ice-water; N,N-dimethyl-formamideA 80%
B n/a
carbon dioxide
124-38-9

carbon dioxide

A

sodium formate
141-53-7

sodium formate

B

sodium hydrogencarbonate
144-55-8

sodium hydrogencarbonate

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With RuCl2((iPr2PCH2CH2)2NH); water; hydrogen; sodium hydroxide at 140℃; under 25858.1 Torr; for 4h; Temperature;A 71%
B 29%
With RuCl2((iPr2PCH2CH2)2NH); water; hydrogen; sodium hydroxide at 130℃; under 25858.1 Torr; for 4h;A 29.5%
B 70.5%
5-[N-tert-butoxycarbonyl-N-[5-(trifluoromethanesulfonamido)pentan-1-yl]aminomethyl]-imidazo[1,2-a]pyridine
177485-96-0

5-[N-tert-butoxycarbonyl-N-[5-(trifluoromethanesulfonamido)pentan-1-yl]aminomethyl]-imidazo[1,2-a]pyridine

Trichloroacetyl chloride
76-02-8

Trichloroacetyl chloride

A

3-trichloroacetyl-5-[N-tert-butoxy-carbonyl-N-[5-(trifluoromethanesulfonamido)pentan-1-yl]aminomethyl]imidazo[1,2-a]pyridine
177485-97-1

3-trichloroacetyl-5-[N-tert-butoxy-carbonyl-N-[5-(trifluoromethanesulfonamido)pentan-1-yl]aminomethyl]imidazo[1,2-a]pyridine

B

sodium hydrogencarbonate
144-55-8

sodium hydrogencarbonate

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With dmap In chloroformA 58.2%
B n/a
dinatriumdecacarbonylwolframate

dinatriumdecacarbonylwolframate

A

triphenylphosphine tungsten pentacarbonyl
15444-65-2

triphenylphosphine tungsten pentacarbonyl

B

sodium formate
141-53-7

sodium formate

C

sodium hydrogencarbonate
144-55-8

sodium hydrogencarbonate

D

sodium carbonate
497-19-8

sodium carbonate

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With carbon dioxide; triphenylphosphine In acetonitrile Irradiation (UV/VIS); (Ar or N2); UV irradn. (>420 nm) of soln. of W compd. and PPh3 with stirring at ca. 20°C for ca. 12 h under CO2 pressure, formed ppt. was sepd.; W(CO)5PPh3 was detected IR spect. in filtrate, not isolated; NaHCOO detected 1HNMR spect. in D2O soln. of ppt.; Na2CO3 and NaHCO3 detd. in aq. soln. of ppt. by titrn.;A 70-90
B 20%
C 18%
D 39%
Na(1+)*H(1+)*W2(CO)10(2-)=NaHW2(CO)10

Na(1+)*H(1+)*W2(CO)10(2-)=NaHW2(CO)10

A

triphenylphosphine tungsten pentacarbonyl
15444-65-2

triphenylphosphine tungsten pentacarbonyl

trans-triphenylphosphane tetracarbonyltungsten
16743-03-6, 38800-77-0, 68738-00-1

trans-triphenylphosphane tetracarbonyltungsten

C

sodium formate
141-53-7

sodium formate

D

sodium hydrogencarbonate
144-55-8

sodium hydrogencarbonate

E

sodium carbonate
497-19-8

sodium carbonate

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With carbon dioxide; triphenylphosphine In acetonitrile Irradiation (UV/VIS); (Ar or N2); UV irradn. (>420 nm) of soln. of W compd. and PPh3 with stirring at ca. 20°C for ca. 12 h under CO2 pressure, formed ppt. was sepd.; W compds. were detected IR spect. in filtrate, not isolated; NaHCOO detected 1HNMR spect. in D2O soln. of ppt.; Na2CO3 and NaHCO3 detd. in aq. soln. of ppt. by titrn.;A n/a
B n/a
C 30%
D 29%
E 27%
carbon dioxide
124-38-9

carbon dioxide

carbon monoxide
201230-82-2

carbon monoxide

sodium carbonate
497-19-8

sodium carbonate

A

sodium formate
141-53-7

sodium formate

B

sodium oxalate
62-76-0

sodium oxalate

C

sodium hydrogencarbonate
144-55-8

sodium hydrogencarbonate

Conditions
ConditionsYield
In neat (no solvent) High Pressure; 2 h at 380°C; cooling, dissolution in water, addn. of HClO4; HPLC;A 0%
B 0%
C 0.5%
diphenylmethyl α-[4-[4-(4-benzyloxycarbonylamidinophenoxy)butyl]-2,3-dioxopiperazin-1-yl]-α-phenylacetate
179416-72-9

diphenylmethyl α-[4-[4-(4-benzyloxycarbonylamidinophenoxy)butyl]-2,3-dioxopiperazin-1-yl]-α-phenylacetate

A

α-[4-[4-(4-Amidinophenoxy)butyl]-2,3-dioxopiperazin-1yl]-α-phenylacetic acid

α-[4-[4-(4-Amidinophenoxy)butyl]-2,3-dioxopiperazin-1yl]-α-phenylacetic acid

B

sodium hydrogencarbonate
144-55-8

sodium hydrogencarbonate

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With hydrogenchloride; palladium-carbon In N,N-dimethyl-formamide
4-(3-(2-(benzylsulfanyl)-1H-imidazol-4-yl)phenyl)-1-hexanoyl-3,4-dimethylpiperidine
320601-66-9

4-(3-(2-(benzylsulfanyl)-1H-imidazol-4-yl)phenyl)-1-hexanoyl-3,4-dimethylpiperidine

sodium hydrogencarbonate
144-55-8

sodium hydrogencarbonate

4-(3-(2-(benzylsulfanyl)-1H-imidazol-4-yl)phenyl)-1-hexyl-3,4-dimethylpiperidine
320601-41-0

4-(3-(2-(benzylsulfanyl)-1H-imidazol-4-yl)phenyl)-1-hexyl-3,4-dimethylpiperidine

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With sodium hydroxide In tetrahydrofuran; ethyl acetate100%
ethyl isothiocyanate
542-90-5

ethyl isothiocyanate

sodium hydrogencarbonate
144-55-8

sodium hydrogencarbonate

p-toluidine
106-49-0

p-toluidine

S-Ethyl-N-(4-methylphenyl)isothiourea

S-Ethyl-N-(4-methylphenyl)isothiourea

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With trimethylsilyl trifluoromethanesulfonate In dichloromethane100%
di-tert-butyl dicarbonate
24424-99-5

di-tert-butyl dicarbonate

piperidin-4-ol hydrochloride
5382-17-2

piperidin-4-ol hydrochloride

sodium hydrogencarbonate
144-55-8

sodium hydrogencarbonate

t-butyl 4-hydroxy piperidine-1-carboxylate
109384-19-2

t-butyl 4-hydroxy piperidine-1-carboxylate

Conditions
ConditionsYield
In 1,4-dioxane100%
In 1,4-dioxane100%
di-tert-butyl dicarbonate
24424-99-5

di-tert-butyl dicarbonate

sodium hydrogencarbonate
144-55-8

sodium hydrogencarbonate

propan-1-ol-3-amine
156-87-6

propan-1-ol-3-amine

N-tert-butoxycarbonyl-3-aminopropanol
58885-58-8

N-tert-butoxycarbonyl-3-aminopropanol

Conditions
ConditionsYield
In 4-(dicyanomethylene)-2-methyl-6-(p-dimethylaminostyryl)-4H-pyran100%
sodium hydrogencarbonate
144-55-8

sodium hydrogencarbonate

4-(3-methylbenzo[b]thiophen-5-yl)-piperidine
346414-37-7

4-(3-methylbenzo[b]thiophen-5-yl)-piperidine

N-chloro-4-(3-methylbenzo[b]thiophen-5-yl)-piperidine
346414-38-8

N-chloro-4-(3-methylbenzo[b]thiophen-5-yl)-piperidine

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With N-chloro-succinimide In tetrahydrofuran; water100%
3,5-dichlorophenol
591-35-5

3,5-dichlorophenol

sodium hydrogencarbonate
144-55-8

sodium hydrogencarbonate

tert-butyldimethylsilyl chloride
18162-48-6

tert-butyldimethylsilyl chloride

1-<(tert-butyldimethylsilyl)oxy>-3,5-dichlorobenzene
126663-61-4

1-<(tert-butyldimethylsilyl)oxy>-3,5-dichlorobenzene

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With hydrogenchloride; N-ethyl-N,N-diisopropylamine; dmap In dichloromethane100%
With hydrogenchloride; N-ethyl-N,N-diisopropylamine; dmap In dichloromethane100%
sodium hydrogencarbonate
144-55-8

sodium hydrogencarbonate

(R)-5-(3-nitropyrid-2-ylamino)-3-(pyrrolidin-2-ylmethyl)-1H-indole
151272-88-7

(R)-5-(3-nitropyrid-2-ylamino)-3-(pyrrolidin-2-ylmethyl)-1H-indole

2,2,2-Trichloroethyl chloroformate
17341-93-4

2,2,2-Trichloroethyl chloroformate

5-(3-Nitropyrid-2-ylamino)-3-(N-(2,2,2-trichloroethoxycarbonyl)pyrrolidin-2R-ylmethyl)-1H-indole
160906-49-0

5-(3-Nitropyrid-2-ylamino)-3-(N-(2,2,2-trichloroethoxycarbonyl)pyrrolidin-2R-ylmethyl)-1H-indole

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With pyridine In 1,1-dichloroethane; dichloromethane100%
CHCl3:MeOH

CHCl3:MeOH

3-benzyloxyestra-1,3,5(10)-trien-17β-ol
14982-15-1

3-benzyloxyestra-1,3,5(10)-trien-17β-ol

3-(dimethylamino)propyl chloride hydrochloride
5407-04-5

3-(dimethylamino)propyl chloride hydrochloride

sodium hydrogencarbonate
144-55-8

sodium hydrogencarbonate

3-Benzyloxy-17(3-N,N-dimethylaminopropoxy)estra-1,3,5(10)-triene

3-Benzyloxy-17(3-N,N-dimethylaminopropoxy)estra-1,3,5(10)-triene

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With tetra-(n-butyl)ammonium iodide In N,N-dimethyl-formamide; mineral oil100%
3-aminobenzoic acid ethyl ester
582-33-2

3-aminobenzoic acid ethyl ester

4-((6,7-dimethoxyquinolin-4-yl)oxy)aniline
190728-25-7

4-((6,7-dimethoxyquinolin-4-yl)oxy)aniline

bis(trichloromethyl) carbonate
32315-10-9

bis(trichloromethyl) carbonate

sodium hydrogencarbonate
144-55-8

sodium hydrogencarbonate

N-(3-Ethoxycarbonylphenyl)-N'-{4-[(6,7-dimethoxy-4-quinolyl)oxy]phenyl}urea
190727-08-3

N-(3-Ethoxycarbonylphenyl)-N'-{4-[(6,7-dimethoxy-4-quinolyl)oxy]phenyl}urea

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With triethylamine In toluene100%
4-((6,7-dimethoxyquinolin-4-yl)oxy)aniline
190728-25-7

4-((6,7-dimethoxyquinolin-4-yl)oxy)aniline

bis(trichloromethyl) carbonate
32315-10-9

bis(trichloromethyl) carbonate

sodium hydrogencarbonate
144-55-8

sodium hydrogencarbonate

3,5-Dimethoxyaniline
10272-07-8

3,5-Dimethoxyaniline

N-(3,5-Dimethoxyphenyl)-N'-{4-[(6,7-dimethoxy-4-quinolyl)oxy]phenyl}urea

N-(3,5-Dimethoxyphenyl)-N'-{4-[(6,7-dimethoxy-4-quinolyl)oxy]phenyl}urea

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With triethylamine In toluene100%
(2-aminomethylpyridine)
3731-51-9

(2-aminomethylpyridine)

4-((6,7-dimethoxyquinolin-4-yl)oxy)aniline
190728-25-7

4-((6,7-dimethoxyquinolin-4-yl)oxy)aniline

bis(trichloromethyl) carbonate
32315-10-9

bis(trichloromethyl) carbonate

sodium hydrogencarbonate
144-55-8

sodium hydrogencarbonate

N-(4-[(6,7-Dimethoxy-4-quinolyl)oxy]phenyl)-N'-(pyridin-2-ylmethyl)urea

N-(4-[(6,7-Dimethoxy-4-quinolyl)oxy]phenyl)-N'-(pyridin-2-ylmethyl)urea

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With triethylamine In toluene100%
4-((6,7-dimethoxyquinolin-4-yl)oxy)aniline
190728-25-7

4-((6,7-dimethoxyquinolin-4-yl)oxy)aniline

bis(trichloromethyl) carbonate
32315-10-9

bis(trichloromethyl) carbonate

2,3-dimethoxyaniline
6299-67-8

2,3-dimethoxyaniline

sodium hydrogencarbonate
144-55-8

sodium hydrogencarbonate

N-(2,3-Dimethoxyphenyl)-N'-{4-[(6,7-dimethoxy-4-quinolyl)oxy]phenyl}urea

N-(2,3-Dimethoxyphenyl)-N'-{4-[(6,7-dimethoxy-4-quinolyl)oxy]phenyl}urea

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With triethylamine In toluene100%
(+)-genipin
224055-63-4

(+)-genipin

sodium hydrogencarbonate
144-55-8

sodium hydrogencarbonate

1-methoxygenipin
69977-52-2

1-methoxygenipin

Conditions
ConditionsYield
trifluoroboron diethylether In methanol100%
1,3-dipropyl-5,6-diaminouracil
81250-34-2

1,3-dipropyl-5,6-diaminouracil

1-Adamantanecarbonyl chloride
2094-72-6

1-Adamantanecarbonyl chloride

sodium hydrogencarbonate
144-55-8

sodium hydrogencarbonate

1,3-dipropyl-8-(1-adamantyl)xanthine
127946-26-3

1,3-dipropyl-8-(1-adamantyl)xanthine

Conditions
ConditionsYield
In pyridine100%
(R)-(+)-2-(4-chlorophenyl)-3,4-dihydro-2H-1,4-benzothiazine
137035-08-6

(R)-(+)-2-(4-chlorophenyl)-3,4-dihydro-2H-1,4-benzothiazine

sodium hydrogencarbonate
144-55-8

sodium hydrogencarbonate

chloroacetyl chloride
79-04-9

chloroacetyl chloride

(R)-4-chloroacetyl-2-(4-chlorophenyl)-3,4-dihydro-2H-1,4-benzothiazine

(R)-4-chloroacetyl-2-(4-chlorophenyl)-3,4-dihydro-2H-1,4-benzothiazine

Conditions
ConditionsYield
In ethyl acetate100%
sodium hydrogencarbonate
144-55-8

sodium hydrogencarbonate

(1H,1H-Perfluorooctyl)phenyliodonium Triflate
100422-09-1

(1H,1H-Perfluorooctyl)phenyliodonium Triflate

N-(1H,1H-perfluorooctyl)aniline
3145-69-5

N-(1H,1H-perfluorooctyl)aniline

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With aniline In dichloromethane100%
4-[(6,7-dimethoxy-4-quinolyl)oxy]-2,5-dimethylaniline
286371-46-8

4-[(6,7-dimethoxy-4-quinolyl)oxy]-2,5-dimethylaniline

2.6-dimethylphenol
576-26-1

2.6-dimethylphenol

bis(trichloromethyl) carbonate
32315-10-9

bis(trichloromethyl) carbonate

sodium hydrogencarbonate
144-55-8

sodium hydrogencarbonate

2,6-Dimethylphenyl N-{4-[(6,7-dimethoxy-4-quinolyl)oxy]-2,5-dimethylphenyl}carbamate

2,6-Dimethylphenyl N-{4-[(6,7-dimethoxy-4-quinolyl)oxy]-2,5-dimethylphenyl}carbamate

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With triethylamine In methanol; dichloromethane; chloroform; toluene100%
4-[(6,7-dimethoxy-4-quinolyl)oxy]-2,5-dimethylaniline
286371-46-8

4-[(6,7-dimethoxy-4-quinolyl)oxy]-2,5-dimethylaniline

bis(trichloromethyl) carbonate
32315-10-9

bis(trichloromethyl) carbonate

sodium hydrogencarbonate
144-55-8

sodium hydrogencarbonate

hexan-1-ol
111-27-3

hexan-1-ol

hexyl N-{4-[(6,7-dimethoxy-4-quinolyl)oxy]-2,5-dimethylphenyl}carbamate

hexyl N-{4-[(6,7-dimethoxy-4-quinolyl)oxy]-2,5-dimethylphenyl}carbamate

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With triethylamine In methanol; dichloromethane; chloroform; toluene100%
4-[(6,7-dimethoxy-4-quinolyl)oxy]-2,5-dimethylaniline
286371-46-8

4-[(6,7-dimethoxy-4-quinolyl)oxy]-2,5-dimethylaniline

bis(trichloromethyl) carbonate
32315-10-9

bis(trichloromethyl) carbonate

2-phenylethanol
60-12-8

2-phenylethanol

sodium hydrogencarbonate
144-55-8

sodium hydrogencarbonate

phenethyl N-{4-[(6,7-dimethoxy-4-quinolyl)oxy]-2,5-dimethylphenyl}carbamate

phenethyl N-{4-[(6,7-dimethoxy-4-quinolyl)oxy]-2,5-dimethylphenyl}carbamate

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With triethylamine In methanol; dichloromethane; chloroform; toluene100%
4-[(6,7-dimethoxy-4-quinolyl)oxy]-2,5-dimethylaniline
286371-46-8

4-[(6,7-dimethoxy-4-quinolyl)oxy]-2,5-dimethylaniline

bis(trichloromethyl) carbonate
32315-10-9

bis(trichloromethyl) carbonate

1,2,3,4-tetrahydronaphthalen-2 ol
530-91-6

1,2,3,4-tetrahydronaphthalen-2 ol

sodium hydrogencarbonate
144-55-8

sodium hydrogencarbonate

1,2,3,4-Tetrahydro-2-naphthalenyl N-{4-[(6,7-dimethoxy-4-quinolyl)oxy]-2,5-dimethylphenyl}carbamate

1,2,3,4-Tetrahydro-2-naphthalenyl N-{4-[(6,7-dimethoxy-4-quinolyl)oxy]-2,5-dimethylphenyl}carbamate

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With triethylamine In methanol; dichloromethane; chloroform; toluene100%
4-[(6,7-dimethoxy-4-quinolyl)oxy]-2,5-dimethylaniline
286371-46-8

4-[(6,7-dimethoxy-4-quinolyl)oxy]-2,5-dimethylaniline

n-Pent-4-enyl alcohol
821-09-0

n-Pent-4-enyl alcohol

bis(trichloromethyl) carbonate
32315-10-9

bis(trichloromethyl) carbonate

sodium hydrogencarbonate
144-55-8

sodium hydrogencarbonate

4-Pentenyl N-{4-[(6,7-dimethoxy-4-quinolyl)oxy] - 2,5-dimethylphenyl}carbamate

4-Pentenyl N-{4-[(6,7-dimethoxy-4-quinolyl)oxy] - 2,5-dimethylphenyl}carbamate

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With triethylamine In methanol; dichloromethane; chloroform; toluene100%
2.6-dimethylphenol
576-26-1

2.6-dimethylphenol

4-((6,7-dimethoxyquinolin-4-yl)oxy)aniline
190728-25-7

4-((6,7-dimethoxyquinolin-4-yl)oxy)aniline

bis(trichloromethyl) carbonate
32315-10-9

bis(trichloromethyl) carbonate

sodium hydrogencarbonate
144-55-8

sodium hydrogencarbonate

2,6-Dimethylphenyl N-{4-[(6,7-dimethoxy-4-quinolyl)oxy]phenyl}carbamate

2,6-Dimethylphenyl N-{4-[(6,7-dimethoxy-4-quinolyl)oxy]phenyl}carbamate

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With triethylamine In methanol; dichloromethane; chloroform; toluene100%
4-((6,7-dimethoxyquinolin-4-yl)oxy)aniline
190728-25-7

4-((6,7-dimethoxyquinolin-4-yl)oxy)aniline

n-Pent-4-enyl alcohol
821-09-0

n-Pent-4-enyl alcohol

bis(trichloromethyl) carbonate
32315-10-9

bis(trichloromethyl) carbonate

sodium hydrogencarbonate
144-55-8

sodium hydrogencarbonate

4-Pentenyl N-{4-[(6,7-dimethoxy-4-quinolyl)oxy]phenyl}carbamate

4-Pentenyl N-{4-[(6,7-dimethoxy-4-quinolyl)oxy]phenyl}carbamate

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With triethylamine In methanol; dichloromethane; chloroform; toluene100%
(2S)-2-((2,6-dichlorophenyl)carbonylamino)-5-((tert-butoxy)carbonylamino)valeric acid methyl ester
323206-47-9

(2S)-2-((2,6-dichlorophenyl)carbonylamino)-5-((tert-butoxy)carbonylamino)valeric acid methyl ester

sodium hydrogencarbonate
144-55-8

sodium hydrogencarbonate

2,6-dichlorophenylisocyanate
39920-37-1

2,6-dichlorophenylisocyanate

(2S)-2-((2,6-dichlorophenyl)carbonylamino)-5-(((2,6-dichlorophenyl)amino)carbonylamino)valeric acid methyl ester

(2S)-2-((2,6-dichlorophenyl)carbonylamino)-5-(((2,6-dichlorophenyl)amino)carbonylamino)valeric acid methyl ester

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With triethylamine; trifluoroacetic acid In dichloromethane100%
(3S)-3-acetylthio-1-(4-carbamoyl-1,3-thiazol-2-yl)pyrrolidine

(3S)-3-acetylthio-1-(4-carbamoyl-1,3-thiazol-2-yl)pyrrolidine

sodium hydrogencarbonate
144-55-8

sodium hydrogencarbonate

(4-nitrophenyl)methyl (4R,5R,6S)-3-[(diphenoxyphosphinyl)oxy]-6-[(1R)-1-hydroxyethyl]-4-methyl-7-oxo-1-azabicyclo[3.2.0]hept-2-ene-2-carboxylate
93711-81-0, 90776-59-3

(4-nitrophenyl)methyl (4R,5R,6S)-3-[(diphenoxyphosphinyl)oxy]-6-[(1R)-1-hydroxyethyl]-4-methyl-7-oxo-1-azabicyclo[3.2.0]hept-2-ene-2-carboxylate

p-nitrobenzyl (1R,5S,6S)-2-[(3S)-1-(4-carbamoyl-1,3-thiazol-2-yl)pyrrolidin-3-yl]thio-6-[(R)-1-hydroxyethyl]-1-methylcarbapen-2-em-3-carboxylate

p-nitrobenzyl (1R,5S,6S)-2-[(3S)-1-(4-carbamoyl-1,3-thiazol-2-yl)pyrrolidin-3-yl]thio-6-[(R)-1-hydroxyethyl]-1-methylcarbapen-2-em-3-carboxylate

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With hydrazinium monoacetate; N-ethyl-N,N-diisopropylamine In N-methyl-acetamide; ethyl acetate; acetonitrile100%
sodium hydrogencarbonate
144-55-8

sodium hydrogencarbonate

4-phenethyl-3-(carbobenzyloxy)oxazolidin-5-one
282110-53-6

4-phenethyl-3-(carbobenzyloxy)oxazolidin-5-one

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With p-toluenesulfonic acid monohydrate; paraformaldehyde In toluene100%
With p-toluenesulfonic acid monohydrate; paraformaldehyde In toluene100%
1-(pyrrolidin-1-ylcarbonylmethyl)-2-oxo-3-(N-tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino-5-cyclohexyl-1,3,4,5-tetrahydro-2H-1,5-benzodiazepine
209222-91-3

1-(pyrrolidin-1-ylcarbonylmethyl)-2-oxo-3-(N-tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino-5-cyclohexyl-1,3,4,5-tetrahydro-2H-1,5-benzodiazepine

sodium hydrogencarbonate
144-55-8

sodium hydrogencarbonate

1-(pyrrolidin-1-ylcarbonylmethyl)-2-oxo-3-amino-5-cyclohexyl-1,3,4,5-tetrahydro-2H-1,5-benzodiazepine

1-(pyrrolidin-1-ylcarbonylmethyl)-2-oxo-3-amino-5-cyclohexyl-1,3,4,5-tetrahydro-2H-1,5-benzodiazepine

Conditions
ConditionsYield
In HCl-dioxane; dichloromethane100%
bromo-phenyl-acetic acid methyl ester
37167-62-7

bromo-phenyl-acetic acid methyl ester

sodium hydrogencarbonate
144-55-8

sodium hydrogencarbonate

1,4,7-tris-tert-butoxycarbonylmethyl-1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane
122555-91-3

1,4,7-tris-tert-butoxycarbonylmethyl-1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane

sodium tert-butyl 2,2',2''-(10-(2-methoxy-2-oxo-1-phenylethyl)-1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane-1,4,7-triyl)triacetate bromide

sodium tert-butyl 2,2',2''-(10-(2-methoxy-2-oxo-1-phenylethyl)-1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane-1,4,7-triyl)triacetate bromide

Conditions
ConditionsYield
In acetonitrile at 30℃;100%
Pyridine-2,5-dicarboxylic acid
100-26-5

Pyridine-2,5-dicarboxylic acid

water
7732-18-5

water

uranyl acetate

uranyl acetate

sodium hydrogencarbonate
144-55-8

sodium hydrogencarbonate

Na2(H2O)2UO2(pyridine-2,5-dicarboxylate)2

Na2(H2O)2UO2(pyridine-2,5-dicarboxylate)2

Conditions
ConditionsYield
at 80 - 190℃; for 84h; Sealed tube; High pressure;100%

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