Phloroglucinol (1,3,5-trihydroxybenzene) is the core structure of a large family of substituted phenolics with broad, albeit weak, biological activity. Phloroglucinol is a useful metabolite for HPLC/DAD and bioassay dereplication.
white to light yellow crystal
Feature reaction of phloroglucinol
Reaction of formaldehyde with phloroglucinol under alkaline conditions generates orange compound. The colorimetric assay determination of this compound at the maximum absorption wavelength of 460 nm, can be used to detect low or trace formaldehyde in textile and garment.
Since phloroglucinol may occur enol and keto tautomers, it can react with ammonia according following reaction:
Under the influence of ammonia, 1,3,5-Benzenetriamine can be obtained by keto reaction of phloroglucinol, while this amine can also hydrolyze in aqueous acid to generate phloroglucinol. Besides phloroglucinol can also have enol reaction.
The information above is edited by Andy from Chemicalbook.
It can be used in verifications of antimony, arsenic, cerium, chromate, chromium, gold, iron, mercury, nitrites, osmium, palladium, tin, vanadium, vanillin and lignin, and measurement of furfural, pentose, pentosan, methanol, chloral hydrate, turpentine, Lignified cell tissues, free acid in gastric juice (HCl) and decalcified bone specimens. Besides it can also be used as biological reagent dyes.
Crystallise the triol from water, and store it in the dark under nitrogen. [Beilstein 6 IV 7361.]
ChEBI: A benzenetriol with hydroxy groups at position 1, 3 and 5.
A potentially useful hygroscopic biochemical.
2,4,6-aminobenzoic acid can be obtained by 2,4,6-trinitrobenzoic acid`s reduction of zinc particles. After its dilute solution was heated at reflux for 20h, acidified with hydrochloric acid, cooled and crystallized, phloroglucinol can be obtained with a yield of 46-53%.
Hazards & Safety Information
Category: Toxic substances
Toxicity grade: Moderate toxicity
Acute toxicity: oral-rat LD50: 4000 mg/kg; Oral-Mouse LD50: 4550 mg/kg
Flammability hazard characteristics: Combustible fire burning can cause smoke irritation
Storage characteristics: Ventilated, low-temperature and dry warehouse; and separately with oxidants
Extinguishing agents: Carbon dioxide, foam, sand and water mist
diagnostic aid growth hormone releasing factor
This product is a white or light yellow crystal or crystalline powder with melting point of 218 ℃. Usually it carries two molecular crystallization water ([6099-90-7]) and converts into anhydrous at 110 ℃. It can be dissolved in 100 parts of water, 10 parts of ethanol, and 0.5 parts of pyridine and is soluble in ether. Besides It partially decomposes when sublimation, and changes its color when exposed to the light. In addition it tastes sweet.