Colorless liquid with a sweet, turpentine-like odor. Floats on water.
Inhalation causes headache, confusion, respiratory distress. Ingestion irritates entire digestive system and may injure kidneys; if liquid enters lungs, it causes severe pneumonitis. Contact with eyes or skin causes irritation.
3-CARENE may react vigorously with strong oxidizing agents. May react exothermically with reducing agents to release hydrogen gas. In the presence of various catalysts (such as acids) or initiators, may undergo exothermic addition polymerization reactions. Will attack some forms of plastics [USCG, 1999].
Hydroperoxides of D-3-carene are allergens contained
in turpentine. Occupational exposure occurs in painters,
varnishers, or ceramic decoration. The percentage
of D-3-carene is higher in Indonesian than in Portuguese