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Chloral hydrate
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No Data 1 Kilogram 50 Metric Ton/Month Wuhan Kemi-Works Chemical Co., Ltd Contact Supplier
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2,2,2-TRICHLOROETHANE-1,1-DIOL HYDRATE
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Chloral hydrate
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302-17-0 Usage

General Description

Transparent colorless crystals or white crystalline solid. Aromatic penetrating slightly acrid odor and a slightly bitter caustic taste. Alcoholic solution (1 in 20) does not at once redden moistened blue litmus paper.

Reactivity Profile

Chloral hydrate is incompatible with alkalis, alkaline earth metals, alkali carbonates and soluble barbiturates. Chloral hydrate is decomposed by sodium hydroxide. Chloral hydrate reduces ammoniacal silver nitrate. Chloral hydrate liquefies when triturated with an equal quantity of menthol, camphor or thymol. . Reaction of Chloral hydrate with hydroxylamine produces toxic hydrogen cyanide gas, Org. Synth., 1941, Vol. 1, 377.

Uses

Trichloroacetaldehyde Hydrate is a useful chemical reagent used as a sedative/hypnotic agent for the short-term treatment of insomnia. First developed in 1832, chloral hydrate is the oldest sleep medication still in use today. This medication is also used to calm you just before surgery or other procedures. It works by affecting certain parts of the brain to cause calmness.
Studies have shown that when used in pediatric sedation side effects such as hallucination, excessive sleep and seizures were observed. Drowsiness and trouble waking up in the morning, nausea, vomiting, stomach pain, diarrhea, and headache may occur. Stomach problems can be reduced by taking chloral hydrate with a full glass of water. It is sometimes administered to patients being treated with cyclophosphamide and it is known to inhibit some aldehyde dehydrogenases.
Besides, Chloral hydrate is a starting point for the synthesis of other organic compounds. It is the starting material for the production of chloral, which is produced by the distillation of a mixture of chloral hydrate and sulfuric acid, which serves as the desiccant.

Definition

ChEBI: An organochlorine compound that is the hydrate of trichloroacetaldehyde.

Fire Hazard

Flash point data for Chloral hydrate are not available; however, Chloral hydrate is probably combustible.

Chemical Properties

colourless crystals with a pentrating odour

Air & Water Reactions

Water soluble.
InChI:InChI=1/C2HCl3O.H2O/c3-2(4,5)1-6;/h1H;1H2

302-17-0 Well-known Company Product Price

Brand (Code)Product description CAS number Packaging Price Detail
Supelco (47335-U)  Chloralhydratesolution  1000 μg/mL in acetonitrile, analytical standard 302-17-0 47335-U 359.19CNY Detail

302-17-0SDS

SAFETY DATA SHEETS

According to Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) - Sixth revised edition

Version: 1.0

Creation Date: Aug 11, 2017

Revision Date: Aug 11, 2017

1.Identification

1.1 GHS Product identifier

Product name chloral hydrate

1.2 Other means of identification

Product number -
Other names Trichloroacetaldehyde Hydrate

1.3 Recommended use of the chemical and restrictions on use

Identified uses For industry use only.
Uses advised against no data available

1.4 Supplier's details

1.5 Emergency phone number

Emergency phone number -
Service hours Monday to Friday, 9am-5pm (Standard time zone: UTC/GMT +8 hours).

More Details:302-17-0 SDS

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