Purify retinol by chromatography on columns of water-deactivated alumina and elute with 3-5% acetone in hexane. Separate the isomers by TLC plates on silica gel G, developed with pet ether (low boiling)/methyl heptanone (11:2). Store it in the dark, under N2, at 0o, or in Et2O, Me2CO or EtOAc. [See Gunghaly et al. Arch Biochem Biophys 38 75 1952, Beilstein 6 IV 4133.]
Occurs preformed only in animals; metabolized from carotenoids, such β-carotene, in the intestinal mucosa. Dietary sources include liver, milk, butter, cheese, eggs and fish liver oils or as carotenoi
s from fruits and vegetables. Stored primarily in the liver in esterified form; transported in the blood by retinol binding protein (RBP). Nutritional factor.
Atracurium Besilate intermediate
ChEBI: A retinol in which all four exocyclic double bonds have E- (trans-) geometry.