White to slightly yellow crystalline pow
Intermediate in sugar metabolism and in enzymatic carbohydrate degradation (alcoholic fermentation) where it is converted to acetaldehyde and CO2 by carboxylase. In muscle, Pyruvic acid (derived from
glycogen) is reduced to lactic acid during exertion, which is reoxidized and partially retransformed to glycogen during rest. The liver can convert Pyruvic acid to alanine by amination.
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Taidi, Behnam, et al. "Effect of carbon source and concentration on the molecular mass of poly (3-hydroxybutyrate) produced by Methylobacterium extorquens and Alcaligenes eutrophus." Applied microbiology and biotechnology 40.6 (1994): 786-790.
Sodium pyruvate is the sodium salt of pyruvate. It is frequently supplemented to the cell culture medium to act as a source of energy since it is a key intermediate during the production of the high-energy ATP molecules inside cells. For example, it can be used as a carbon source for bacteria. It may also protect cell against hydrogen peroxide, an oxidant to scavenger oxygen radicals. It is an important metabolic intermediate in many essential metabolic pathways such as carbohydrate metabolism. For example, it is converted into acetyl coenzyme A and enters into the TCA cycle (Kreb’s cycle) in organisms. It is also involved in the amino acid metabolism in organisms.