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Methyl formate
Cas No: 107-31-3
USD $ 3.0-3.0 / Kilogram 1 Kilogram 1-100 Metric Ton/Month Dayang Chem (Hangzhou) Co.,Ltd. Contact Supplier
High quality Methyl Formate supplier in China
Cas No: 107-31-3
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Methyl formate
Cas No: 107-31-3
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Factory Supply Methyl formate
Cas No: 107-31-3
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Cas No: 107-31-3
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TIANFU CHEM -- Methyl formate
Cas No: 107-31-3
No Data 1 Kilogram 10000 Kilogram/Month Henan Tianfu Chemical Co., Ltd. Contact Supplier
Methyl forMate
Cas No: 107-31-3
USD $ 1.0-1.0 / Kilogram 100 Kilogram 200 Metric Ton/Day Antimex Chemical Limied Contact Supplier
Methyl formate
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Methyl formate with CAS:107-31-3
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107-31-3 Usage

Description

Methyl formate is the methyl ester form of formic acid.It has a rather pleasant odor. It is an aromatic compound found in apples (Neubeller and Buchloh, 1986), and was identified as a volatile constituent in brewed, roasted, and dried coffee (Lovell et al., 1980); it has also been detected in the volatiles of chicken, beef, and pork flavor (Shahidi et al., 1986). Methyl formate is used primarily to manufacture formamide, dimethylformamide, and formic acid. It is also used as a solvent for quick-drying finishes such as lacquers and in organic synthesis. Other uses include use as a larvicide for tobacco and food crops, in the manufacture of certain pharmaceuticals, and as a blowing agent for foam insulation. It was formerly used as a refrigerant for house appliances.

Chemical Properties

Methyl formate is a colorless liquid with a pleasant odor. Its solubility in water is 230 g/l at 25 °C (Riddick et al., 1985), but it reacts slowly with water to form formic acid and methyl alcohol (DOT, 1984). It is soluble in ether, chloroform, and is miscible with ethanol (Lide, 2000).

Chemical Properties

Methyl formate , also called methyl methanoate, is the methyl ester of formic acid. The simplest example of an ester, it is a clear liquid with an ethereal odour, high vapor pressure, and low surface tension.

Physical properties

Clear, colorless, mobile liquid with a pleasant, etheral odor. An odor threshold concentration of 130 ppmv was reported by Nagata and Takeuchi (1990).

Uses

Methyl formate is used as a fumigant, as alarvicide for food crops, and as a solvent forcellulose acetate.

Uses

Methyl formate is used primarily to manufacture formamide, dimethyl formamide, and formic acid. Because of its high vapor pressure, it is used for quick - drying finishes. It is also used as an insecticide and to manufacture certain pharmaceuticals. Foam Supplies, Inc. has trademarked Ecomate, which is used as a blowing agent for foam insulation, as a replacement for CFC, HCFC, or HFCs, with zero ozone depletion potential and < 25 global warming potential. A historical use of methyl formate, which sometimes brings it attention, was in refrigeration. Before the introduction of less-toxic refrigerants, methyl formate was used as an alternative to sulfur dioxide in domestic refrigerators, such as some models of the famous GE Monitor Top. Owners of methyl formate refrigerators should keep in mind that, even though they operate below atmospheric pressure, if evidence of a leak develops, they should take measures to avoid exposure to the ether-smelling liquid and vapor.

Uses

Fumigant and larvicide for tobacco and food crops. Fire hazard is avoided by use with CO2.

Production Methods

In the laboratory, methyl formate can be produced by the condensation reaction of methanol and formic acid, as follows: HCOOH + CH3OH → HCOOCH3 + H2O Industrial methyl formate, however, is usually produced by the combination of methanol and carbon monoxide (carbonylation) in the presence of a strong base, such as sodium methoxide : CH3OH + CO → HCOOCH3 This process, practiced commercially by BASF among other companies gives 96 % selectivity toward methyl formate, although it can suffer from catalyst sensitivity to water, which can be present in the carbon monoxide feedstock, commonly derived from synthesis gas. Very dry carbon monoxide is, therefore, an essential requirement.

General Description

A clear colorless liquid with an agreeable odor. Flash point -27°F. Less dense than water Vapors heavier than air.

Air & Water Reactions

Highly flammable. Water soluble. Reacts slowly with water to give formic acid, a corrosive material, and methanol, a flammable liquid. Both products are dissolved in the water.

Reactivity Profile

Methyl formate reacts with acids to liberate heat along with alcohols and acids. Strong oxidizing acids may cause a vigorous reaction that is sufficiently exothermic to ignite the reaction products. Heat is also generated with caustic solutions. Flammable hydrogen is generated by mixing with alkali metals and hydrides.

Hazard

Flammable, dangerous fire and explosionrisk, explosive limits in air 5.9–20%. Eye, upperand lower respiratory tract irritant.

Health Hazard

Methyl formate is a moderately toxic com pound affecting eyes, respiratory tract, andcentral nervous system. It is an irritant tothe eyes, nose, and lungs. Exposure to highconcentrations of its vapors in air may pro duce visual disturbances, irritations, narcoticeffects, and respiratory distress in humans.Such effects may be manifested at a 1-hourexposure to about 10,000-ppm concentration.Cats died of pulmonary edema from 2-hourexposure to this concentrationThe acute oral toxicity of methyl formatewas low in test subjects. The symptoms werenarcosis, visual disturbances, and dyspnea.An oral LD50 value in rabbit is in the range1600 mg/kg..

Health Hazard

Inhalation causes irritation of mucous membranes. Prolonged inhalation can produce narcosis and central nervous symptoms, including some temporary visual disturbance. Contact with liquid irritates eyes and may irritate skin if allowed to remain. Ingestion causes irritation of mouth and stomach and central nervous system depression, including visual disturbances.

Fire Hazard

Behavior in Fire: Vapor is heavier than air and may travel considerable distance to a source of ignition and flash back.

Chemical Reactivity

Reactivity with Water Slow reaction to form formic acid and methyl alcohol; reaction is not hazardous; Reactivity with Common Materials: No reaction; Stability During Transport: Stable; Neutralizing Agents for Acids and Caustics: Not pertinent; Polymerization: Not pertinent; Inhibitor of Polymerization: Not pertinent.

Safety Profile

Moderately toxic by ingestion. Inhalation of vapor can cause irritation to nasal passages and conjunctiva, optic neuritis, narcosis, retching, and death from pulmonary irritation. Industrial fatalities have occurred only with exposure to high concentrations. Flammable liquid. Very dangerous fire hazard when exposed to heat or flame; can react vigorously with oxidizing materials. Explosive in the form of vapor when exposed to heat or flame. Reacts with methanol + sodium methoxide to form an explosive product. To fight fire, use alcohol foam, CO2, dry chemical. When heated to decomposition it emits acrid smoke and irritating fumes.

Potential Exposure

Methyl formate is used as a solvent; as an intermediate in pharmaceutical manufacture; and as a fumigant

Environmental fate

Photolytic. Methyl formate, formed from the irradiation of dimethyl ether in the presence of chlorine, degraded to carbon dioxide, water, and small amounts of formic acid. Continued irradiation degraded formic acid to carbon dioxide, water, and hydrogen chloride (Kallos and Tou, 1977; Good et al., 1999). A rate constant of 2.27 x 10-12 cm3/molecule?sec was reported for the reaction of methyl formate and OH radicals in the atmosphere (Atkinson, 1989). Chemical/Physical. Hydrolyzes slowly in water forming methanol and formic acid (NIOSH, 1997). Hydrolysis half-lives reported at 25 °C: 0.91 h at pH 9, 9.1 h at pH 8, 2.19 d at pH 7, and 21.9 d at pH 6 (Mabey and Mill, 1978).

Shipping

Color code—Red: Flammability Hazard: Store in a flammable liquid storage area or approved cabinet away from ignition sources and corrosive and reactive materials. Prior to working with this chemical, personnel should be trained on its proper handling and storage. Before entering confined space where this chemical may be present, check to make sure that an explosive concentration does not exist. Methyl formate must be stored to avoid contact with strong oxidizers, such as chlorine, bromine, chlorine dioxide; nitrates, and permanganates; since violent reactions occur. Store in tightly closed containers in a cool, well-ventilated area away from heat. Sources of ignition, such as smoking and open flames are prohibited where methyl formate is handled, used, or stored. Metal containers involving the transfer of 5 gal or more of methyl formate should be grounded and bonded. Drums must be equipped with selfclosing valves, pressure vacuum bungs; and flame arresters. Use only nonsparking tools and equipment, especially when opening and closing containers of methyl formate. Wherever methyl formate is used, handled, manufactured, or stored, use explosion-proof electrical equipment and fittings.

Purification Methods

Wash the formate with strong aqueous Na2CO3, dry it with solid Na2CO3 and distil it from P2O5. (Procedure removes free alcohol or acid.) [Beilstein 2 IV 20.]

Incompatibilities

May form explosive mixture with air. Incompatible with oxidizers (chlorates, nitrates, peroxides, permanganates, perchlorates, chlorine, bromine, fluorine, etc.); contact may cause fires or explosions. Keep away from alkaline materials, strong bases, strong acids, oxoacids, epoxides. Reacts slowly with water to form methanol and formic acid. Contact with water, steam releases formic acid. Compounds of the carboxyl group react with all bases, both inorganic and organic (i.e., amines) releasing substantial heat, water and a salt that may be harmful. Incompatible with arsenic compounds (releases hydrogen cyanide gas), diazo compounds, dithiocarbamates isocyanates, mercaptans, nitrides, and sulfides (releasing heat, toxic, and possibly flammable gases), thiosulfates and dithionites (releasing hydrogen sulfate and oxides of sulfur)

Waste Disposal

Incineration; atomizing in a suitable combustion chamber.

References

Lee, Jae S., J. C. Kim, and Y. G. Kim. "Methyl formate as a new building block in C1 chemistry." Applied Catalysis 57.1 (1990): 1-30. Handa, Yash Paul, et al. "Insulating Thermoplastic Foams Made With Methyl Formate-Based Blowing Agents." (2006).
InChI:InChI=1/C2H4O2/c1-4-2-3/h2H,1H3

107-31-3 Well-known Company Product Price

Brand (Code)Product description CAS number Packaging Price Detail
Alfa Aesar (A15850)  Methyl formate, 97%, may cont. up to ca 3% methanol    107-31-3 500ml 193.0CNY Detail
Alfa Aesar (A15850)  Methyl formate, 97%, may cont. up to ca 3% methanol    107-31-3 2500ml 440.0CNY Detail
Alfa Aesar (A15850)  Methyl formate, 97%, may cont. up to ca 3% methanol    107-31-3 10000ml 1009.0CNY Detail
Sigma-Aldrich (291056)  Methylformate  anhydrous, 99% 107-31-3 291056-100ML 624.78CNY Detail
Sigma-Aldrich (291056)  Methylformate  anhydrous, 99% 107-31-3 291056-1L 1,333.80CNY Detail
Sigma-Aldrich (259705)  Methylformate  spectrophotometric grade, 99% 107-31-3 259705-1L 2,127.06CNY Detail
Sigma-Aldrich (M46837)  Methylformate  reagent grade, 97% 107-31-3 M46837-1L 427.05CNY Detail
Sigma-Aldrich (M46837)  Methylformate  reagent grade, 97% 107-31-3 M46837-4X1L 1,257.75CNY Detail
Sigma-Aldrich (06547)  Methylformate  analytical standard 107-31-3 06547-5ML 576.81CNY Detail

107-31-3SDS

SAFETY DATA SHEETS

According to Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) - Sixth revised edition

Version: 1.0

Creation Date: Aug 10, 2017

Revision Date: Aug 10, 2017

1.Identification

1.1 GHS Product identifier

Product name methyl formate

1.2 Other means of identification

Product number -
Other names methyl-formate

1.3 Recommended use of the chemical and restrictions on use

Identified uses For industry use only. Food additives -> Flavoring Agents
Uses advised against no data available

1.4 Supplier's details

1.5 Emergency phone number

Emergency phone number -
Service hours Monday to Friday, 9am-5pm (Standard time zone: UTC/GMT +8 hours).

More Details:107-31-3 SDS

107-31-3Synthetic route

Dimethoxymethane
109-87-5

Dimethoxymethane

A

Dimethyl ether
115-10-6

Dimethyl ether

B

Methyl formate
107-31-3

Methyl formate

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With titanium(IV) fluoride In chloroform-d1; dichloromethane at 24.84℃; for 48h;
With calcined hydrogen type ferrierite base having a silica-alumina ratio is 10: 1 at 150℃; under 15001.5 Torr; Reagent/catalyst; Temperature; Pressure; Inert atmosphere;
With MCC-22 at 90℃; under 750.075 Torr; Temperature; Pressure; Reagent/catalyst; Autoclave; Industrial scale;
With H-type MCM-22 In water at 90℃; under 750.075 Torr; Reagent/catalyst; Temperature; Pressure;
carbon monoxide
201230-82-2

carbon monoxide

A

methanol
67-56-1

methanol

B

ethanol
64-17-5

ethanol

C

Methyl formate
107-31-3

Methyl formate

D

ethylene glycol
107-21-1

ethylene glycol

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With hydrogen In various solvent(s) at 300℃; under 1471020 Torr; Further byproducts given;
With hydrogen; dicobalt octacarbonyl; dodecacarbonyl-triangulo-triruthenium; tris(1-methylethyl)phosphine In toluene at 270℃; under 1520000 Torr; for 1h; Yield given. Yields of byproduct given;
With 2-hydroxypyridin; hydrogen; acetylacetonatodicarbonylrhodium(l) In various solvent(s) at 230℃; under 1499480 Torr; for 4.5h; Further byproducts given. Title compound not separated from byproducts;A 284 mmol
B 191 mmol
C 52 mmol
D 1000 mmol
With 1-(pyridine-2-yl)ethanol; hydrogen; acetylacetonatodicarbonylrhodium(l) In various solvent(s) at 230℃; under 1499480 Torr; for 4.5h; Further byproducts given. Title compound not separated from byproducts;A 284 mmol
B 191 mmol
C 52 mmol
D 1000 mmol
With hydrogen; dodecacarbonyltetrarhodium(0) In tetrahydrofuran at 230℃; under 1800 Torr; for 1h; Yield given. Further byproducts given. Yields of byproduct given;
methanol
67-56-1

methanol

dihydroxyacetone
96-26-4

dihydroxyacetone

Methyl formate
107-31-3

Methyl formate

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With Cu/Al2O3; dihydrogen peroxide In chloroform at 50℃; for 24h; Reagent/catalyst; Solvent;84%
methanol
67-56-1

methanol

formic acid
64-18-6

formic acid

Methyl formate
107-31-3

Methyl formate

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With sulfuric acid In water for 4h; Reflux;80%
With (triphenylphosphine)gold(I) chloride; oxygen; silver(I) triflimide In dichloromethane-d2 at 25℃; for 12h;55%
methanol
67-56-1

methanol

carbon monoxide
201230-82-2

carbon monoxide

A

formaldehyd
50-00-0

formaldehyd

B

ethanol
64-17-5

ethanol

C

Methyl formate
107-31-3

Methyl formate

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With hydrogen In N,N-dimethyl-formamide at 160℃; under 30003 Torr; for 8h; Inert atmosphere; Autoclave;
methanol
67-56-1

methanol

carbon monoxide
201230-82-2

carbon monoxide

A

formaldehyd
50-00-0

formaldehyd

B

Methyl formate
107-31-3

Methyl formate

C

carbon dioxide
124-38-9

carbon dioxide

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With hydrogen In N,N-dimethyl-formamide at 160℃; under 30003 Torr; for 8h; Inert atmosphere; Autoclave;
methanol
67-56-1

methanol

carbon dioxide
124-38-9

carbon dioxide

Methyl formate
107-31-3

Methyl formate

Conditions
ConditionsYield
Stage #1: carbon dioxide With phenylsilane In N,N-dimethyl acetamide at 50℃; under 22502.3 Torr; for 4h; pH=Ca. 1.2; Autoclave;
Stage #2: methanol In N,N-dimethyl acetamide Pressure; Temperature; Reagent/catalyst;
100%
With hydrogen; HCO2Ru3(CO)10 at 125℃; under 12928.7 Torr; for 24h; Product distribution; other catalysts, various reaction conditions;
With hydrogen; HCO2Ru3(CO)10 at 125℃; under 12928.7 Torr; for 24h; Yield given;
methyl chloroformate
79-22-1

methyl chloroformate

Methyl formate
107-31-3

Methyl formate

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With ammonium chloride; lithium hexamethyldisilazane In tetrahydrofuran; ethyl acetate91%
Dimethyl ether
115-10-6

Dimethyl ether

carbon monoxide
201230-82-2

carbon monoxide

A

methanol
67-56-1

methanol

B

Methyl formate
107-31-3

Methyl formate

C

acetic acid methyl ester
79-20-9

acetic acid methyl ester

D

acetic acid
64-19-7

acetic acid

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With 25 wt.percent Heteropoly acids supported on SBA-15 In ethanol at 200℃; under 11251.1 Torr; for 1.5h;
methanol
67-56-1

methanol

formaldehyd
50-00-0

formaldehyd

Methyl formate
107-31-3

Methyl formate

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With oxygen In water at 20℃; Reagent/catalyst; Irradiation;16%
Dimethyl ether
115-10-6

Dimethyl ether

A

methanol
67-56-1

methanol

B

formaldehyd
50-00-0

formaldehyd

C

Dimethoxymethane
109-87-5

Dimethoxymethane

D

Methyl formate
107-31-3

Methyl formate

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With nitrogen; oxygen at 239.84℃; Conversion of starting material;A 19.4%
B 79%
C 0.1%
D 1.6%
With nitrogen; oxygen at 199.84 - 259.84℃; Rate constant;A 17.3%
B 69.2%
C 0%
D 1.6%
With nitrogen; oxygen at 239.84℃; Conversion of starting material;A 22.4%
B 60.1%
C 0%
D 5%
(formoxymethyl)dimethylmethoxysilane
1324010-88-9

(formoxymethyl)dimethylmethoxysilane

A

Methyl formate
107-31-3

Methyl formate

B

2,2,5,5-tetramethyl-1,4-dioxa-2,5-disilacyclohexane
5895-82-9

2,2,5,5-tetramethyl-1,4-dioxa-2,5-disilacyclohexane

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With tetrabutoxytitanium at 120℃; under 270.027 Torr; for 7h; Inert atmosphere;A 55 mmol
B 42%
methanol
67-56-1

methanol

formaldehyd
50-00-0

formaldehyd

A

Methyl formate
107-31-3

Methyl formate

B

hydrogen
1333-74-0

hydrogen

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With (PdO)n loaded on TiO2 In water at 20℃; Irradiation; Inert atmosphere;A 6.1%
B 6.7%
methanol
67-56-1

methanol

carbon monoxide
201230-82-2

carbon monoxide

Methyl formate
107-31-3

Methyl formate

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With sodium sulfide In benzene at 80℃; under 75006 Torr; for 1h; Product distribution; Further Variations:; Reagents; Solvents; Temperatures; Pressures;85%
sodium methylate at 84 - 160℃; under 71257.1 - 112511 Torr; Product distribution / selectivity;52%
potassium methanolate at 72 - 100℃; under 71257.1 - 94509.5 Torr; Product distribution / selectivity;47.6%
methanol
67-56-1

methanol

A

formaldehyd
50-00-0

formaldehyd

B

Methyl formate
107-31-3

Methyl formate

Conditions
ConditionsYield
Cu(II)-TSM at 400℃; Product distribution; investigation of activities of various catalysts for the dehydrogenation; various temperatures;A 80%
B 6.7%
With hydrogen at 230℃; under 760.051 Torr;A n/a
B 3.5%
at 350℃; Leiten ueber MgO+CdO+Cr2O3;
carbon monoxide
201230-82-2

carbon monoxide

A

propan-1-ol
71-23-8

propan-1-ol

B

ethanol
64-17-5

ethanol

C

Methyl formate
107-31-3

Methyl formate

D

ethylene glycol
107-21-1

ethylene glycol

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With 2-hydroxypyridin; hydrogen; acetylacetonatodicarbonylrhodium(l) In various solvent(s) at 230℃; under 1499480 Torr; for 4.5h; Further byproducts given. Title compound not separated from byproducts;A 121 mmol
B 191 mmol
C 52 mmol
D 1000 mmol
carbon monoxide
201230-82-2

carbon monoxide

A

ethanol
64-17-5

ethanol

B

Methyl formate
107-31-3

Methyl formate

C

propyl methanoate
110-74-7

propyl methanoate

D

ethylene glycol
107-21-1

ethylene glycol

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With 2-hydroxypyridin; hydrogen; acetylacetonatodicarbonylrhodium(l) In various solvent(s) at 230℃; under 1499480 Torr; for 4.5h; Further byproducts given. Title compound not separated from byproducts;A 191 mmol
B 52 mmol
C 29 mmol
D 1000 mmol
methanol
67-56-1

methanol

glycolic acid ; magnesium glycolate

glycolic acid ; magnesium glycolate

ethylene glycol
107-21-1

ethylene glycol

A

Dimethyl oxalate
553-90-2

Dimethyl oxalate

B

glycolide
502-97-6

glycolide

C

glycolic acid methyl ester
96-35-5

glycolic acid methyl ester

D

ethylene glycol monoformate
628-35-3

ethylene glycol monoformate

E

Methyl formate
107-31-3

Methyl formate

F

ethylene glycol glycolate
14396-72-6

ethylene glycol glycolate

G

oxalic acid
144-62-7

oxalic acid

Conditions
ConditionsYield
Stage #1: methanol; ethylene glycol With oxygen at 90℃; under 3750.38 Torr; for 5h; Autoclave;
Stage #2: glycolic acid ; magnesium glycolate In methanol at 80℃; for 2h; Autoclave;
Dimethoxymethane
109-87-5

Dimethoxymethane

Methyl formate
107-31-3

Methyl formate

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With hydrogen-type ferrierite (Si/Al = 10) at 150℃; under 15001.5 Torr; Reagent/catalyst; Temperature; Pressure;
With oxygen In water at 30 - 150℃; Reagent/catalyst; Irradiation;
methanol
67-56-1

methanol

formaldehyd
50-00-0

formaldehyd

A

Dimethoxymethane
109-87-5

Dimethoxymethane

B

Dimethyl ether
115-10-6

Dimethyl ether

C

Methyl formate
107-31-3

Methyl formate

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With amberlyst-15; MCM-22 In water at 90℃; under 750.075 Torr; Reagent/catalyst; Temperature; Pressure;
methanol
67-56-1

methanol

Methyl formate
107-31-3

Methyl formate

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With lithium tetrafluoroborate; carbonyl hydridoformate bis[2-(diisopropylphosphino)ethyl]amine iron(II) In ethyl acetate for 4.41667h; Catalytic behavior; Reagent/catalyst; Solvent; Inert atmosphere; Schlenk technique; Sealed tube; Reflux;99%
With oxygen at 249.84℃; for 2h; Reagent/catalyst; Temperature; Flow reactor;74%
With oxygen at 80℃; Catalytic behavior; Temperature; Reagent/catalyst; Gas phase;62%
Dimethyl ether
115-10-6

Dimethyl ether

A

methanol
67-56-1

methanol

B

formaldehyd
50-00-0

formaldehyd

C

Methyl formate
107-31-3

Methyl formate

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With nitrogen; oxygen at 240℃; Conversion of starting material;A 14.72%
B 84.96%
C 0.26%
With nitrogen; oxygen at 239.84℃; Conversion of starting material;A 19.5%
B 79.9%
C 1.6%
With nitrogen; oxygen at 239.84℃; Conversion of starting material;A 22.1%
B 76.3%
C 1.5%
Dimethoxymethane
109-87-5

Dimethoxymethane

A

methanol
67-56-1

methanol

B

Methyl formate
107-31-3

Methyl formate

C

methoxymethyl formate
4382-75-6

methoxymethyl formate

D

carbonic acid dimethyl ester
616-38-6

carbonic acid dimethyl ester

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With N-hydroxyphthalimide; oxygen; chlorobenzene; silica gel In acetonitrile under 60006 Torr; for 2h; Product distribution / selectivity;
With N-hydroxyphthalimide; oxygen; chlorobenzene; 2 molepercent solid CuO In acetonitrile under 60006 Torr; for 2h; Product distribution / selectivity;
With N-hydroxyphthalimide; oxygen; chlorobenzene; 2percentCuNi-org/SiO2 In acetonitrile at 100℃; under 30003 Torr; for 3h; Product distribution / selectivity;
methanol
67-56-1

methanol

carbon monoxide
201230-82-2

carbon monoxide

A

Methyl formate
107-31-3

Methyl formate

B

carbon dioxide
124-38-9

carbon dioxide

C

carbonic acid dimethyl ester
616-38-6

carbonic acid dimethyl ester

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With oxygen at 119.84℃; under 760.051 Torr; Reagent/catalyst; Flow reactor;
formic acid
64-18-6

formic acid

Methyl formate
107-31-3

Methyl formate

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With oxygen In water Reagent/catalyst; Irradiation;13.2%
methanol
67-56-1

methanol

A

Dimethoxymethane
109-87-5

Dimethoxymethane

B

Methyl formate
107-31-3

Methyl formate

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With PHTHALIMAX S4 vanadia-titania catalyst; oxygen at 139.84℃; under 760.051 Torr; Inert atmosphere;A 38%
B n/a
at 150℃; for 18h; Product distribution;A 0.72 mmol
B 2.24 mmol
chloro(cyclopentadienyl)bis(triphenylphosphine)ruthenium (II) at 20℃; Product distribution; Further Variations:; Catalysts; Electrolysis;
Dimethoxymethane
109-87-5

Dimethoxymethane

A

Methyl formate
107-31-3

Methyl formate

B

hydrogen
1333-74-0

hydrogen

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With (PdO)n loaded on TiO2 In water Irradiation; Inert atmosphere;A 6%
B 6.4%

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