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Sodium formate
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Sodium formate
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Sodium formate
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sodium formate
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bulk chemicals industrial grade sodium formate 98%min for oil drilling, printing, snow melting
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No Data 20 Metric Ton 10000 Metric Ton/Month Josun International Limited Contact Supplier
High Quality Sodium Formate 98.8% High Purity
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Sodium Formate
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Factory price Cosmetic SODIUM FORMATE 141-53-7 Manufacturer
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USD $ 0.1-0.1 / Gram 1 Gram 100 Metric Ton/Year Xi'an Xszo Chem Co., Ltd. Contact Supplier

141-53-7 Usage

Purification Methods

A saturated aqueous solution at 90o (0.8mL water/g) is filtered and allowed to cool slowly. (The final temperature should be above 30o to prevent formation of the hydrate.) After two such crystallissations, the crystals are dried in an oven at 130o, then under high vacuum. [Westrum et al. J Phys Chem 64 1553 1960, Roecker & Meyer J Am Chem Soc 108 4066 1986.] The salt has also been recrystallised twice from 1mM DTPA (diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid, which was recrystallised 4x from MilliQ water and dried in a vacuum), then twice from water [Bielski & Thomas J Am Chem Soc 109 7761 1987]. [Beilstein 2 IV 3.]

Chemical properties

It is a white powder, with water absorption and a slight odor of formic acid. It is dissolved in water and glycerol, slightly soluble in ethanol and insoluble in ether.

Uses

Precipitant for noble metals.

Preparation

Sodium formate can be prepared in the laboratory by neutralizing formic acid with sodium carbonate. It can also be obtained by reacting chloroform with an alcoholic solution of sodium hydroxide. CHCl3 + 4NaOH → HCOONa + 3NaCl + 2H2O or by reacting sodium hydroxide with chloral hydrate. C2HCl3(OH)2 + NaOH → CHCl3 + HCOONa + H2O The latter method is, in general, preferred to the former because the low aqueous solubility of CHCl3 makes it easier to separate out from the sodium formate solution, by fractional crystallization, than the soluble NaCl would be. For commercial use, sodium formate is produced by absorbing carbon monoxide under pressure in solid sodium hydroxide at 160 °C. CO + NaOH → HCOONa Sodium formate may also be created via the haloform reaction between ethanol and sodium hypochlorite in the presence of a base.

Safety Profile

Moderately toxic by ingestion, intravenous, and subcutaneous routes. Combustible when exposed to heat or flame. When heated to decomposition it emits toxic fumes of NazO. See also FORMIC ACID.

Chemical Properties

white crystals

Physical properties

White crystals; slightly hygroscopic; faint odor of formic acid; density 1.92 g/cm3; melts at 253°C; decomposes on further heating, first forming sodium oxalate and hydrogen and then sodium carbonate; very soluble in water; the aqueous solution neutral, pH about 7; soluble in glycerol; slightly soluble in alcohol; insoluble in ether.

Uses

1. Sodium formate is mainly for the production of formic acid, oxalic acid and insurance powder and so on. 2. It is used as the reagent for the determination of phosphorus and arsenic, disinfectant and mordant. 3. It is used as preservatives, with diuretic effect. It is mutatis mutandis in EEC countries, but the British are not allowed to use. 4. Sodium formate is used as intermediates in the production of formic acid and oxalic acid, but also for the production of dimethyl formamide, also used in medicine, printing and dyeing industry. It is also heavy metal precipitant. 5. It is used as alkyd paints, plasticizers, high explosives, acid-resistant materials, aviation lubricants, additives of adhesives. 6. It is used for precipitating noble metal, may form trivalent metal complex ions in the solution. With buffer effect, it can be used for correcting pH value of strong mineral acids to be higher. It is precipitant of heavy metal.

Uses

Sodium formate is used in several fabric dyeing and printing processes. It is also used as a buffering agent for strong mineral acids to increase their pH, and as a food additive ( E237 ) .

Description

Sodium formate, HCOONa, is the sodium salt of formic acid, HCOOH. It usually appears as a white deliquescent powder.

Solubility in water

Dissolved quantity per 100 ml of water at different temperatures (℃) in grams: 43.9g/0 ℃, 62.5g/10 ℃, 81.2g/20 ℃, 102g/30 ℃, 108g/40 ℃ 122g/60 ℃, 138g/80 ℃, 147g/90 ℃, 160g/100 ℃

Uses

In dyeing and printing fabrics; also In animal chemistry as a precipitant for the "noble" metals. Solubilizes trivalent metal ions in solution by forming complex ions. Buffering action adjusts the pH of strong mineral acids to higher values.

Definition

ChEBI: An organic sodium salt which is the monosodium salt of formic acid.

Sodium formate and calcium formate

Sodium formate and calcium formate are two kinds of common metal salts of formic acid, sodium formate, also known as sodium formate, There are two kinds of molecular forms of sodium formate compounds in nature: ① as a white crystalline powder, anhydrous sodium formate is slightly hygroscopic, poisonous. The relative density is 1.92 (20 ℃), m.p. is 253 ℃. It is dissolved in water, slightly soluble in ethanol and insoluble in ether. ② sodium formate dihydrate is colorless crystals. With slight formic acid odor, it is toxic. It is dissolved in water and glycerine, slightly soluble in ethanol. It broke down into hydrogen and sodium oxalate under strong heat, and finally converted into sodium carbonate. It is produced by the interaction of formic acid and sodium hydroxide. The main purpose of sodium formate as follows: Sodium formate can be used as chemical analysis reagent, used for determination of arsenic and phosphorus, also used as a disinfectant, mordant and so on. Powdered sodium formate is used in industrial instand of formic acid to improve the performance of limestone FGD systems, the advantage is application safety and health. Preparation of sodium formate: Sodium bicarbonate reacts with formic acid in laboratory, remain the solution basic, remove Fe3 +, filtered, and add formic acid into the filtrate, and the solution was acidic, then evaporate, crystallize to obtain crude sodium. Calcium is a free-flowing white crystalline powder, with mouldproof, fungicidal, antibacterial effects, is an organic acid feed additive. Its content is 99%, with 69% formic acid, 31% calcium, low water content. This product has a high melting point, is not easy to be destroyed in the particle mass. Feed is added 0.9% to 1.5%. This product is broken down into formic acid in the stomach, reduces the pH of the stomach, maintains digestive acidity, prevents the growth of bacteria to control and prevent bacterial infection-related diarrhea. Trace acid activates pepsinogen role in enhancing the absorption of active ingredients in feed, and producing chelation with minerals in feed to promote digestion and absorption of minerals, also be used as a supplement of calcium. For the prevention of diarrhea of piglets and improve survival, promote feed conversion and daily gain. The above information is collected and finished by Xiaonan of Chemicalbook.

Production method

1. It is obtained in industrial by the reaction of carbon monoxide with sodium hydroxide at 150-170 ℃, about 2MPa. In fact, the production process of sodium formate is part of the production of sodium oxalate, the concentration of sodium hydroxide solution for absorbing the reaction was 25%-30%. Sodium formate can be produced by the reaction of formic acid with oxygen or sodium bicarbonate. Material consumption fixed: Carbon monoxide (> 28%) 1630kg/t, caustic soda (> 30%) 2160kg/t. 2. It is the byproduct of pentaerythritol. 2. It is obtained by the reaction of carbon monoxide with sodium hydroxide at 160 ℃, 2MPa.
InChI:InChI=1/CH2O2.Na/c2-1-3;/h1H,(H,2,3);/q;+1/p-1

141-53-7 Well-known Company Product Price

Brand (Code)Product description CAS number Packaging Price Detail
Alfa Aesar (36424)  Sodium formate, ACS, 99.0% min    141-53-7 500g 431.0CNY Detail
Alfa Aesar (36424)  Sodium formate, ACS, 99.0% min    141-53-7 2kg 1313.0CNY Detail
Alfa Aesar (A17813)  Sodium formate, 98%    141-53-7 250g 188.0CNY Detail
Alfa Aesar (A17813)  Sodium formate, 98%    141-53-7 1000g 316.0CNY Detail
Alfa Aesar (A17813)  Sodium formate, 98%    141-53-7 5000g 869.0CNY Detail
Sigma-Aldrich (247596)  Sodiumformate  ACS reagent, ≥99.0% 141-53-7 247596-100G 618.93CNY Detail
Sigma-Aldrich (247596)  Sodiumformate  ACS reagent, ≥99.0% 141-53-7 247596-500G 992.16CNY Detail
Sigma-Aldrich (247596)  Sodiumformate  ACS reagent, ≥99.0% 141-53-7 247596-2.5KG 3,814.20CNY Detail
Honeywell (71540)  Sodiumformate  purum p.a., ≥98.0% (NT) 141-53-7 71540-250G 510.12CNY Detail
Honeywell (71540)  Sodiumformate  purum p.a., ≥98.0% (NT) 141-53-7 71540-1KG 1,388.79CNY Detail
Honeywell (71540)  Sodiumformate  purum p.a., ≥98.0% (NT) 141-53-7 71540-5KG 1,736.28CNY Detail
Sigma-Aldrich (107603)  Sodiumformate  reagent grade, 97% 141-53-7 107603-1KG 469.17CNY Detail

141-53-7SDS

SAFETY DATA SHEETS

According to Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) - Sixth revised edition

Version: 1.0

Creation Date: Aug 10, 2017

Revision Date: Aug 10, 2017

1.Identification

1.1 GHS Product identifier

Product name sodium formate

1.2 Other means of identification

Product number -
Other names Formic acid, sodium salt

1.3 Recommended use of the chemical and restrictions on use

Identified uses For industry use only.
Uses advised against no data available

1.4 Supplier's details

1.5 Emergency phone number

Emergency phone number -
Service hours Monday to Friday, 9am-5pm (Standard time zone: UTC/GMT +8 hours).

More Details:141-53-7 SDS

141-53-7Synthetic route

formaldehyd
50-00-0

formaldehyd

formic acid
64-18-6

formic acid

acetaldehyde
75-07-0

acetaldehyde

A

Pentaerythritol
115-77-5

Pentaerythritol

B

Dipentaerythritol
126-58-9

Dipentaerythritol

C

sodium formate
141-53-7

sodium formate

Conditions
ConditionsYield
Stage #1: formaldehyd; acetaldehyde With sodium hydroxide at 45 - 65℃; under 1500.15 Torr; for 1.38333h; Inert atmosphere;
Stage #2: formic acid pH=6; Product distribution / selectivity;
A 87.4%
B 5%
C 99.7%
carbon dioxide
124-38-9

carbon dioxide

sodium formate
141-53-7

sodium formate

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With sodium amalgam In not given Kinetics; High Pressure; in 1 M HCOONa-solution satd. with NaHCO3, CO2-pressure 15 kg/cm2 and at 0-55°C;99%
With sodium amalgam In water circulating CO2 and react. soln. at ambient temp., normal or raised pressure, pH 4.4-5.0;;91%
With sodium amalgam In not given Kinetics; in 1 M HCOONa-solution satd. with NaHCO3, CO2-pressure 1 kg/cm2 and at 0-55°C;70%
calcium carbonate

calcium carbonate

sodium formate
141-53-7

sodium formate

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With sodium nitrite In water at 90℃; under 760.051 Torr; for 6h; Reagent/catalyst; Concentration; Temperature;98.98%
sodium hydroxide
1310-73-2

sodium hydroxide

sodium formate
141-53-7

sodium formate

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With carbon monoxide In water heating NaOH soln. with pressure 20 atm;;96.1%
With carbon monoxide In neat (no solvent) CO (6-7 atm.) is passed over finely powdered NaOH (eventually a mixture of NaOH and CaO) at 150-170°C;;> 99
With carbon monoxide In water
2-methyl-4-amino-5-formylaminomethylpyrimidine
1886-34-6

2-methyl-4-amino-5-formylaminomethylpyrimidine

A

5-(aminomethyl)-2-methylpyrimidin-4-amine
95-02-3

5-(aminomethyl)-2-methylpyrimidin-4-amine

B

sodium formate
141-53-7

sodium formate

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With sodium hydroxide; water In methanol at 66.84 - 75.84℃; for 4.5h; Product distribution / selectivity;A 95.9%
B 56.3%
With sodium hydroxide; water In 1,2-dimethoxyethane at 80℃; for 4h; Product distribution / selectivity;A 94.2%
B 91.9%
With sodium hydroxide; water In isopropyl alcohol at 80 - 85℃; for 3.5 - 5.5h; Product distribution / selectivity;A 93.2%
B 72.5%
N-(3-methyl-4,6-diphenylpyridin-2-yl)formamide

N-(3-methyl-4,6-diphenylpyridin-2-yl)formamide

A

3-methyl-4,6-diphenylpyridin-2-amine

3-methyl-4,6-diphenylpyridin-2-amine

B

sodium formate
141-53-7

sodium formate

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With sodium hydroxide In dimethyl sulfoxide at 100℃; for 12h;A 95%
B 61%
oxalic acid
144-62-7

oxalic acid

sodium formate
141-53-7

sodium formate

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With tetrasodium phenylporphyrintetrasulphonatoferrate(III); oxygen; sodium hydroxide In water at 150℃; under 15001.5 Torr; for 3h; Autoclave;94.7%
2-phenylethanol
60-12-8

2-phenylethanol

A

(1E)-1,3-diphenylpropene
3412-44-0

(1E)-1,3-diphenylpropene

B

sodium formate
141-53-7

sodium formate

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With (bis[(2-diisopropylphosphino)ethyl]amine)Mn(CO)2Br; sodium hydroxide In 5,5-dimethyl-1,3-cyclohexadiene at 145℃; for 16h; Catalytic behavior; Reagent/catalyst; Solvent; Temperature; Schlenk technique; Inert atmosphere;A 93%
B n/a
carbon dioxide
124-38-9

carbon dioxide

hydrogen
1333-74-0

hydrogen

sodium formate
141-53-7

sodium formate

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With sodium hydroxide In dimethyl sulfoxide (Rh(cod)Cl)2 and phosphine ligand are dissolved in DMSO under N2 and Et3N is added, mixt. is stirred for 20 min and transferred to an autoclave, which is purged and pressurised with CO2 (20 atm) and then with H2 (40 atm), after 18 h aq. NaOH is added; filtn. (catalyst), water and Et3O are removed from the filtrate in vac., filtn., washing (Et2O); amt. of formic acid by NMR;91%
With water; palladium In not given Electrolysis; high pressure;; poor yield;;
With H2O
With Mo(NO)(CO)(N(CH2CH2PiPr2)2); sodium hexamethyldisilazane In tetrahydrofuran at 140℃; under 75007.5 Torr; for 15h; Reagent/catalyst; Time; Inert atmosphere; Schlenk technique; Glovebox; Autoclave; High pressure;4 %Spectr.
bromobenzene
108-86-1

bromobenzene

carbon monoxide
201230-82-2

carbon monoxide

A

sodium benzoate
532-32-1

sodium benzoate

B

sodium formate
141-53-7

sodium formate

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With sodium hydroxide; tetraethylammonium iodide; triphenylphosphine; bis(benzonitrile)palladium(II) dichloride In water; m-xylene at 85 - 90℃; for 14h; Product distribution; influence of various PTC; effect of molar ratio;A 90%
B 9.3%
1-chloroperfluoro-2-hexanone
87375-49-3

1-chloroperfluoro-2-hexanone

A

sodium formate
141-53-7

sodium formate

B

Sodium perfluoropentanoate
2706-89-0

Sodium perfluoropentanoate

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With sodium hydroxide In water Product distribution; Heating;A n/a
B 87%
sodium hydrogencarbonate
144-55-8

sodium hydrogencarbonate

sodium formate
141-53-7

sodium formate

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With nickel; hydrogen In water at 200℃; under 45004.5 Torr; for 2h; Catalytic behavior; Reagent/catalyst; Temperature; Pressure; Green chemistry;86.6%
With hydrogen In water at 100℃; under 30003 Torr; for 10h; Autoclave;85.3%
With RuCl2((iPr2PCH2CH2)2NH); hydrogen In water at 150℃; under 25858.1 Torr; for 18h; Temperature;84%
sodium 4-toluenesulfinate

sodium 4-toluenesulfinate

formaldehyd
50-00-0

formaldehyd

formic acid
64-18-6

formic acid

toluene-4-sulfonamide
70-55-3

toluene-4-sulfonamide

A

sodium formate
141-53-7

sodium formate

B

N-(p-toluenesulfonylmethyl)-p-toluenesulfonamide
41369-60-2

N-(p-toluenesulfonylmethyl)-p-toluenesulfonamide

Conditions
ConditionsYield
In water at 70 - 75℃;A n/a
B 85%
1,1-dichloroperfluoro-2-butanone
87375-48-2

1,1-dichloroperfluoro-2-butanone

A

Dichlorofluoromethane
75-43-4

Dichlorofluoromethane

B

sodium formate
141-53-7

sodium formate

C

sodium pentafluoropropionate
378-77-8

sodium pentafluoropropionate

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With sodium hydroxide In water Product distribution;A 33.5%
B n/a
C 84.5%
1-chloroheptafluoro-2-butanone
87375-46-0

1-chloroheptafluoro-2-butanone

A

sodium formate
141-53-7

sodium formate

B

sodium pentafluoropropionate
378-77-8

sodium pentafluoropropionate

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With sodium hydroxide In water for 1h; Product distribution; Heating;A n/a
B 83%
C15H13N6O7(1-)*Na(1+)

C15H13N6O7(1-)*Na(1+)

A

sodium formate
141-53-7

sodium formate

B

N'-(5,7-dinitro-2,1,3-benzoxadiazol-4-yl)-N,N-dimethyl-1,4-diaminobenzene

N'-(5,7-dinitro-2,1,3-benzoxadiazol-4-yl)-N,N-dimethyl-1,4-diaminobenzene

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With water at 90℃; for 1h;A n/a
B 75%
sodium carbonate
497-19-8

sodium carbonate

sodium formate
141-53-7

sodium formate

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With nickel; hydrogen In water at 200℃; under 45004.5 Torr; for 2h; Green chemistry;71.2%
With sodium nitrite In water at 90℃; for 6h; Reagent/catalyst;48.7%
With H2; catalyst: (RuCl2(benzene))2/dppm In tetrahydrofuran; water 50 bar H2 and 30 bar CO, 2 h at 70°C; detd. by NMR;
With (1,4-dimethyl-5,7-diphenyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-6H-cyclopenta[b]pyrazin-6-one) irontricarbonyl complex3; Cr(3+)*HO(1-)*C8H4O4(2-)*H2O; hydrogen In water; dimethyl sulfoxide at 100℃; under 37503.8 Torr; for 20h; Catalytic behavior; Reagent/catalyst; Autoclave; Inert atmosphere;
carbon dioxide
124-38-9

carbon dioxide

A

sodium formate
141-53-7

sodium formate

B

sodium hydrogencarbonate
144-55-8

sodium hydrogencarbonate

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With RuCl2((iPr2PCH2CH2)2NH); water; hydrogen; sodium hydroxide at 140℃; under 25858.1 Torr; for 4h; Temperature;A 71%
B 29%
With RuCl2((iPr2PCH2CH2)2NH); water; hydrogen; sodium hydroxide at 130℃; under 25858.1 Torr; for 4h;A 29.5%
B 70.5%
trifluoromethan
75-46-7

trifluoromethan

sodium formate
141-53-7

sodium formate

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With sodium hydroxide at 140℃; under 2585.81 Torr; for 24h; Solvent; Temperature;65%
ammonium carbonate
506-87-6

ammonium carbonate

sodium formate
141-53-7

sodium formate

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With sodium tetrahydroborate; copper(II) oxide In water at 90℃; under 760.051 Torr; for 6h; Reagent/catalyst;64.79%
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