Ethers, such as 1,3-Dioxolane, can act as bases. They form salts with strong acids and addition complexes with Lewis acids. The complex between diethyl ether and boron trifluoride is an example. Ethers may react violently with strong oxidizing agents. In other reactions, which typically involve the breaking of the carbon-oxygen bond, ethers are relatively inert.
Dry it with solid NaOH, KOH or CaSO4, and distil it from sodium or sodium amalgam. Barker et al. [J Chem Soc 802 1959] heated 34mL of dioxalane under reflux with 3g of PbO2 for 2hours, then cooled and filtered. After adding xylene (40mL) and PbO2 (2g) to the filtrate, the mixture is fractionally distilled. Addition of xylene (20mL) and sodium wire to the main fraction (b 70-71o) led to a vigorous reaction, following which the mixture was again fractionally distilled. Xylene and sodium additions are made to the main fraction (b 73-74o) before it is finally distilled. [Beilstein 19/1 V 6.]
Intermediate for the preparation of Acyclovir-d4
Air & Water Reactions
Highly flammable. When exposed to air 1,3-Dioxolane undergoes autooxidation with formation of peroxides. In the distillation process peroxides will concentrate causing violent explosion. Soluble in water.
HIGHLY FLAMMABLE: Will be easily ignited by heat, sparks or flames. Vapors may form explosive mixtures with air. Vapors may travel to source of ignition and flash back. Most vapors are heavier than air. They will spread along ground and collect in low or confined areas (sewers, basements, tanks). Vapor explosion hazard indoors, outdoors or in sewers. Runoff to sewer may create fire or explosion hazard. Containers may explode when heated. Many liquids are lighter than water.
A clear colorless liquid. Flash point 35°F. Slightly denser than water. Vapors heavier than air.
ChEBI: A cyclic acetal that is pentane in which the carbon atoms at positions 1 and 3 are replaced by oxygen atoms respectively.
1,3-Dioxolane is an intermediate for the preparation of Acyclovir (A192400). Also, 1,3-Dioxolane is used in the synthesis of new Vandetanib (V097100) analogs.
Inhalation or contact with material may irritate or burn skin and eyes. Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases. Vapors may cause dizziness or suffocation. Runoff from fire control may cause pollution.