Endogenous estrogen receptor (ER) agonist (K i values are 0.12 and 0.13 nM for ER α and ER β respectively). Also high affinity ligand at membrane estrogen GPR30 receptors.
17-Estradiol (previously known as -estradiol) is purified by chromatography on SiO2 (toluene/EtOAc 4:1) and recrystallised from CHCl3/hexane or 80% EtOH. It is stable in air, is insoluble in H2O, and is precipitated by digitonin. The UV has max at 225 and 280 nm. The diacetate [3434-88-6] has m 97-98o and forms leaflets from aqueous EtOH. The 3-benzoate crystallises from aqueous MeOH withm 193o and  D 25 +58o to 63o (c 1, dioxane). [Meischer & Scholz Helv Chim Acta 20 263, 1237 1937, Biochem J 32 1273 1938, Oppolzer & Roberts Helv Chim Acta 63 1703 1980, Inhoffen & Zühlsdorff Chem Ber 7 4 1914 1941, Beilstein 6 IV 6611.]
In high dosages, estradiol can inhibit the release of anterior pituitary prolactin, thus decreasing breast milk secretion. However, nausea, vomiting and endometrial hyperplasia-induced bleeding may occur. Patients with liver or kidney failure should use with caution.
Potent mammalian estrogenic hormone produced by the ovary.
Natural estradiol, used in transdermal systems for hormonal
substitution, can induce allergic contact dermatitis,
with the risk of systemic contact dermatitis after
White Crystalline Powder
Do not use on breasts, vaginal area and vaginal mucosa.
Estradiol is the major estrogen secreted by the premenopausal ovary.
ChEBI: The 17beta-isomer of estradiol.
Indications and Usage
Estradiol is a white or milky white ordorless crystalline powder. It is soluble in dioxane and acetone, slightly soluble in ethanol, and insoluble in water.
Estradiol is the intermediate between estradiol valerate and estradiol benzoate, and it is a type of estrogen drug. It can be used to treat uterine functional bleeding, primary amenorrhea, menopausal syndrome, and prostate cancer. Estradiol can promote and adjust the normal growth of female sex organs and secondary sex characteristics, promote mammary duct maturation and growth, and aid in posseting. Estradiol can also be used in biochemical research.