Chlorotrimethylsilane reacts vigorously and exothermically with water to produce hydrogen chloride.
Trimethylsilyl chloride(TMCS) is the most extensively used derivatization reagent for gas chromatography.The reactions are generally performed under anhydrous conditions although reactions can be performed on samples obtained from water-containing samples.There are considerable opportunities for artifacts stemming from a variety of reasons including off-target reactions with aldehydes and ketones.The rate of reaction of TMCS with nucleophilic targets is comparatively slow compared to other alkylsilyl chlorides and requires the presence of a base catalyst such as pyridine.TMCS is included as a catalyst with other trialkylsilyl reagent such N,O-bis- (trimethylsilyl)trifluroacetamide (BSA) or N-methyl-N-(trimethylsilyl)trifluoroacetamide (MSTFA).The order of functional group reactivity is alcohols>phenols>carboxylic acids>amines>amides.
ChEBI: A silyl chloride consisting of a central silicon atom covalently bound to one chloro and three methyl groups. Chlorotrimethylsilane is a derivatisation agent used in gas chromatography/mass spectrometry applications.
Chlorotrimethylsilane is a typical Silane Blocking Agent, which can protect or deprotect functional groups selectively. It is widely used in the syntheses of drugs. It have been used in the preparation of volatile derivatives of a wide range of compounds for GC analysis, and used for silylation and as a protection group in the process of various organic synthesis.
Likely impurities are other chlorinated methylsilanes and tetrachlorosilane (b 57.6o), some of which can form azeotropes. To avoid the latter, very efficient fractional distillation is required. It has been fractionated through a 12 plate glass helices-packed column with only the heart-cut material being used. It has also been fractionated through a 90cm, 19mm diameter Stedman column (p 11). Purify it by redistilling from CaH2 before use. [Sauer et al. J Am Chem Soc 70, 4254 1948, Sauer & Hadsell J Am Chem Soc 70 4258 1948, Langer et al. J Org Chem 23 50 1958, Beilstein 4 IV 4007.] FLAMMABLE and CORROSIVE.
A colorless fuming liquid with a pungent odor. Boiling point 135°F Flash point -18°F. Density 0.854 g / cm3. The vapor and liquid may cause burns. Vapors are heavier than air.
Incompatible with oxidizers (chlorates,
nitrates, peroxides, permanganates, perchlorates, chlorine,
bromine, fluorine, etc.); contact may cause fires or explosions.
Keep away from alkaline materials, strong bases,
strong acids, oxoacids, epoxides. Chlorosilanes react
vigorously with bases and both organic and inorganic acids
generating toxic and/or flammable gases. Chlorosilanes
react with water, moist air, or steam to produce heat and
toxic, corrosive fumes of hydrogen chloride. They may also
produce flammable gaseous hydrogen. Attacks metals in
the presence of moisture. Vigorous reaction with aluminum
Poison by ingestion and
skin contact. Moderately toxic by inhalation
and intraperitoneal routes. A corrosive
irritant to skin, eyes, and mucous
membranes. Questionable carcinogen with
experimental neoplastigenic data. Mutation
data reported. A flammable liquid and very
dangerous fire hazard when exposed to heat
or flame. Violent reaction with water or
hexafluoroisopropylideneamino lithium, A
preparative hazard. To fight fire, use foam,
alcohol foam, fog. When heated to
decomposition it emits toxic fumes of Cl-.
An intermediate in the production of
silicones. See also CHLOROSILASES.
Violent reaction with water. Toxic and irritating hydrogen chloride and phosgene may be formed in fires. Difficult to extinguish, re-ignition may occur. Flashback along vapor trail may occur. Containers may explode in fire. Vapor may explode if ignited in enclosed area. When heated to decomposition or on contact with acids or acid fumes, chloride fumes are emitted. Reacts with surface moisture, releasing hydrogen chloride, which will corrode common metals and form flammable hydrogen gas. Avoid contact with water; Chlorotrimethylsilane readily hydrolyzes, liberating hydrochloric acid. Hazardous polymerization may not occur.
UN1298 Trimethylchlorosilane, Hazard Class: 3;
Labels: 3-Flammable liquid, 8-Corrosive material.
Trimethylchlorosilane is a colorless, fuming
liquid. Irritating odor.
Do not discharge into drains
or sewers. Use a licensed disposal contractor to an
approved landfill. Must be disposed properly by following
package label directions or by contacting your local or
federal environmental control agency, or by contacting
your regional EPA office for guidance on
acceptable disposal practices. The most favorable course
of action is to use an alternative chemical product with
less inherent propensity for occupational exposure or environmental
contamination. Recycle any unused portion of
the material for its approved use or return it to the manufacturer
or supplier. Ultimate disposal of the chemical
must consider: the material’s impact on air quality; potential
migration in soil or water; effects on animal, aquatic,
and plant life; and conformance with environmental and
public health regulations.
A clear, colorless, caustic and highly flammable liquid with a pungent odour. Readily hydrolyzed with liberation of hydrogen chloride; soluble in benzene, ether and perchloroethylene.
Trimethylchlorosilane is used as an
intermediate to make silicone products, including lubricants
Similar to other silanes. Toxicity is rated high for inhalation, ingestion and local irritation. May cause death or permanent injury after a very short exposure to small quantities.