Clear light amber liquid
Inhalation causes irritation of nose and throat; severe exposure may cause pulmonary edema. Vapors cause severe eye irritation; liquid can burn eyes. Skin contact causes irritation. Ingestion causes irritation of mouth and stomach.
Benzyl bromide reacts with water, alcohols, common metals (except nickel and lead), bases, amines and oxidizing agents. . Benzyl bromide stored over activated 4A molecular sieve burst a bottle due to condensation-polymerization reaction with generation of HBr gas, [Chem. Eng. News, 1979, 57(12), 74].
Air & Water Reactions
Sensitive to exposure to light and moisture. Slightly soluble in water.
Wash benzyl chloride with conc H2SO4 (CARE), water, 10% Na2CO3 or NaHCO3 solution, and again with water. Dry it with CaCl2, Na2CO3 or MgSO4 and fractionally distil it in the dark, under reduced pressure. It has also been thoroughly degassed at 10-6 mm and redistilled in the dark. This gives material with max (MeCN): 226nm ( 8200) [Mohammed & Kosower J Am Chem Soc 93 2709 1971]. [Beilstein 5 IV 829.] Handle in a fume cupboard, extremely LACHRYMATORY.
ChEBI: A member of the class of benzyl bromides that is toluene substituted on the alpha-carbon with bromine.
A colorless liquid with an agreeable odor. Toxic by inhalation and by skin absorption. Benzyl bromide is slightly soluble in water and denser than water (density 1.44 g / cm3 (Aldrich)). A lachrymator. Corrosive to metals and tissue.