white crystalline powder
Antibiotic for treatment of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, inhibits mycolic acid biosynthesis. Metabolized by hepatic N-acetyltransferase (NAT) and cytochrome P450 2E1 (CYP2E1) to form hepatotoxins. Sele
ctively induces expression of CYP2E1. Reversibly inhibits CYP2C19 and CYP3A4 activities, and mechanistically inactivates CYP1A2, CYP2A6, CYP2C19 and CYP3A4 at clinically relevant concentrations. Antib
Isoniazid is incompatible with chloral, aldehydes, iodine, hypochlorites and ferric salts. Isoniazid is also incompatible with oxidizers. Isoniazid may react with sugars and ketones. Isoniazid can react as a weak acid or a weak base. Isoniazid can be decomposed by oxidative and reductive reactions.
Crystallise isoniazide from 95% EtOH and dry it in a vacuum. [Beilstein 22 III/IV 545, 22/2 V 219.]
For the treatment of all forms of tuberculosis in which organisms are susceptible.
Odorless colorless or white crystals or white crystalline powder. Taste is slightly sweet at first and then bitter. pH (1% aqueous solution) 5.5-6.5. pH (5% aqueous solution) 6-8.
Inh (Novartis); Nydrazid (Bristol-Myers
Squibb); Nydrazid (Sandoz); Rimifon (Roche).
Air & Water Reactions
Sensitive to air and light. Absorbs insignificant amounts of moisture at 77°F at relative humidities up to approximately 90%. Water soluble. Dust can be explosive when suspended in air at specific concentrations.
ChEBI: A carbohydrazide obtained by formal condensation between pyridine-4-carboxylic acid and hydrazine.
Isoniazid is combustible.