Air & Water Reactions
Insoluble and stable in cold water [Merck]. Decomposes in hot water to produce corrosive and toxic hydrochloric acid and benzenesulfonic acid. Rate of reaction decreases as temperature decreases.
A colorless to slightly yellow solid that melts at approximately 40°F. Very irritating to skin, eyes and mucous membranes. May emit toxic fumes when heated to high temperatures. Used to make dyes and other chemicals.
colourless oily liquid
Intermediates of Liquid Crystals
Benzenesulfonyl chloride is incompatible with strong oxidizing agents and bases, including amines. Corrodes metals in the presence of water due to slow formation of hydrochloric acid and benzenesulfonic acid [USCG, 1999]. May react vigorously or explosively if mixed with diisopropyl ether or other ethers in the presence of trace amounts of metal salts [J. Haz. Mat., 1981, 4, 291].
Distil the sulfonyl chloride, then treat it with 3mole % each of toluene and AlCl3, and allow it to stand overnight. The sulfonyl chloride is distilled off at 1mm pressure and then carefully fractionally distilled at 10mm in an all-glass column. [Adams & Marvel Org Synth Coll Vol I 84 1941, Jensen & Brown J Am Chem Soc 80 4042 1958, Beilstein 11 IV 49.] It is TOXIC.
May be fatal if inhaled, swallowed or absorbed through skin. Contact may cause skin and eye burns. Irritating to eyes, skin and mucous membranes. INGESTION: May cause abdominal spasm and vomiting.