Air & Water Reactions
Highly flammable. Slightly soluble in water.
Behavior in Fire: Containers may explode in fires.
A liquid with a sharp odor. Less dense than water. Flash point 34°F. Mildly toxic by ingestion and inhalation. Severely irritates skin and eyes. Vapors heavier than air. Used to make other chemicals.
ChEBI: A diether that is the 1,2-dimethyl ether of ethane-1,2-diol.
If ingested causes nausea, vomiting, cramps, weakness, coma.
Solvent commonly employed in organometallic reactions,1 particularly organolithium reactions.2 May also function as a ligand.3
When the solvent, 1,2-Dimethoxyethane, was poured into a funnel previously used to introduce the lithium aluminum hydride, a fire ignited the funnel, [MCA Case History 1182(1966)].
Traces of water and acidic materials have been removed from it by refluxing with Na, K or CaH2, decanting and distilling from Na, K, CaH2 or LiAlH4. The reaction has been speeded up by using vigorous high-speed stirring with molten potassium. For virtually complete elimination of water, 1,2-dimethoxyethane has been dried with Na-K alloy until a characteristic blue colour is formed in the solvent at Dry-ice/cellosolve temperatures: the solvent is kept with the alloy until distilled for use [Ward J Am Chem Soc 83 1296 1961]. Alternatively, glyme, refluxed with benzophenone and Na-K, is dry enough if, on distillation, it gives a blue colour of the ketyl immediately on addition to benzophenone and sodium [Ayscough & Wilson J Chem Soc 5412 1963]. It has also been purified by distillation under N2 from sodium benzophenone ketyl (see above). [Beilstein 1 IV 2376.]