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79-14-1

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79-14-1 Usage

General Description

Glycolic acid is a type of alpha hydroxy acid (AHA) derived from sugar cane. It is a colorless, odorless, and water-soluble chemical that is commonly used in skin care products. Glycolic acid is known for its exfoliating properties, as it works by breaking down the bonds between dead skin cells, promoting the shedding of the outer layer of the skin. This process helps to improve skin texture, reduce the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles, and even out skin tone. Additionally, glycolic acid can also help to unclog pores and reduce acne. It is a popular ingredient in chemical peels and other professional skin treatments, as well as in over-the-counter skincare products such as cleansers, toners, and serums. While glycolic acid can be beneficial for many skin types, it is important to use it cautiously and always wear sunscreen when using products containing this ingredient, as it can increase skin sensitivity to the sun.

Check Digit Verification of cas no

The CAS Registry Mumber 79-14-1 includes 5 digits separated into 3 groups by hyphens. The first part of the number,starting from the left, has 2 digits, 7 and 9 respectively; the second part has 2 digits, 1 and 4 respectively.
Calculate Digit Verification of CAS Registry Number 79-14:
(4*7)+(3*9)+(2*1)+(1*4)=61
61 % 10 = 1
So 79-14-1 is a valid CAS Registry Number.
InChI:InChI=1/C2H4O3/c3-1-2(4)5/h3H,1H2,(H,4,5)/p-1

79-14-1 Well-known Company Product Price

  • Brand
  • (Code)Product description
  • CAS number
  • Packaging
  • Price
  • Detail
  • Alfa Aesar

  • (A12511)  Glycolic acid, 98%   

  • 79-14-1

  • 100g

  • 345.0CNY

  • Detail
  • Alfa Aesar

  • (A12511)  Glycolic acid, 98%   

  • 79-14-1

  • 500g

  • 1346.0CNY

  • Detail
  • Alfa Aesar

  • (L14980)  Glycolic acid, ca 67% aq. soln.   

  • 79-14-1

  • 500ml

  • 164.0CNY

  • Detail
  • Alfa Aesar

  • (L14980)  Glycolic acid, ca 67% aq. soln.   

  • 79-14-1

  • 2500ml

  • 458.0CNY

  • Detail
  • Sigma-Aldrich

  • (94815)  Glycolicacid  certified reference material, TraceCERT®

  • 79-14-1

  • 94815-100MG

  • 962.91CNY

  • Detail
  • Sigma-Aldrich

  • (PHR1427)  Glycolic Acid  pharmaceutical secondary standard

  • 79-14-1

  • PHR1427-1G

  • 718.73CNY

  • Detail
  • Sigma-Aldrich

  • (124737)  Glycolicacid  ReagentPlus®, 99%

  • 79-14-1

  • 124737-25G

  • 522.99CNY

  • Detail
  • Sigma-Aldrich

  • (124737)  Glycolicacid  ReagentPlus®, 99%

  • 79-14-1

  • 124737-100G

  • 992.16CNY

  • Detail
  • Sigma-Aldrich

  • (124737)  Glycolicacid  ReagentPlus®, 99%

  • 79-14-1

  • 124737-500G

  • 3,497.13CNY

  • Detail
  • Sigma-Aldrich

  • (124737)  Glycolicacid  ReagentPlus®, 99%

  • 79-14-1

  • 124737-12KG

  • 25,482.60CNY

  • Detail
  • Vetec

  • (V900017)  Glycolicacid  Vetec reagent grade, 98%

  • 79-14-1

  • V900017-100G

  • 150.64CNY

  • Detail
  • Vetec

  • (V900017)  Glycolicacid  Vetec reagent grade, 98%

  • 79-14-1

  • V900017-500G

  • 360.32CNY

  • Detail

79-14-1SDS

SAFETY DATA SHEETS

According to Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) - Sixth revised edition

Version: 1.0

Creation Date: Aug 12, 2017

Revision Date: Aug 12, 2017

1.Identification

1.1 GHS Product identifier

Product name glycolic acid

1.2 Other means of identification

Product number -
Other names Glycocide

1.3 Recommended use of the chemical and restrictions on use

Identified uses For industry use only. CBI,Dyes,Fuels and fuel additives,Intermediates,Oxidizing/reducing agents,Plating agents and surface treating agents,Processing aids, not otherwise listed,Processing aids, specific to petroleum production,Solvents (for cleaning or degreasing)
Uses advised against no data available

1.4 Supplier's details

1.5 Emergency phone number

Emergency phone number -
Service hours Monday to Friday, 9am-5pm (Standard time zone: UTC/GMT +8 hours).

More Details:79-14-1 SDS

79-14-1Synthetic route

Glycolaldehyde
141-46-8

Glycolaldehyde

glycolic Acid
79-14-1

glycolic Acid

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With sodium chlorite; dimethyl sulfoxide In aq. phosphate buffer at 0 - 20℃; pH=4;100%
With 5 % platinum on carbon In water at 80℃; under 7500.75 Torr; for 6h; Temperature; Time; Reagent/catalyst; Autoclave;78%
With oxygen In water at 180℃; under 3750.38 Torr; for 1h; Autoclave;50%
N-acetyl-N-nitrosoglycine

N-acetyl-N-nitrosoglycine

A

glycolic Acid
79-14-1

glycolic Acid

B

acetic acid
64-19-7

acetic acid

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With water at 25℃;A 100%
B 100%
With water-d2 at 25℃; Rate constant; Kinetics; half life; reactions of derivatives under var. conditions;A 100%
B 100%
glycolic acid methyl ester
96-35-5

glycolic acid methyl ester

glycolic Acid
79-14-1

glycolic Acid

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With water at 95 - 97℃; under 760.051 Torr; for 2h; Reactive distillation;100%
With water; Candida rugosa lipase In aq. phosphate buffer at 45℃; for 30h; pH=7.2; Enzymatic reaction;
With water In methanol at 100℃;
formaldehyd
50-00-0

formaldehyd

carbon monoxide
201230-82-2

carbon monoxide

glycolic Acid
79-14-1

glycolic Acid

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With trifluorormethanesulfonic acid; acetic acid at 140℃; under 13689.1 - 52476.2 Torr; for 4h; Catalytic behavior; Pressure; Temperature; Time; Reagent/catalyst; Concentration; Autoclave;99.9%
With trifluorormethanesulfonic acid; acetic acid at 140℃; under 13689.1 - 52476.2 Torr; for 4h; Catalytic behavior; Pressure; Temperature; Time; Reagent/catalyst; Concentration; Autoclave;99.9%
With trifluorormethanesulfonic acid; acetic acid at 140℃; under 13689.1 - 52476.2 Torr; for 4h; Catalytic behavior; Pressure; Temperature; Time; Reagent/catalyst; Concentration; Autoclave;99.9%
ethylene glycol
107-21-1

ethylene glycol

glycolic Acid
79-14-1

glycolic Acid

Conditions
ConditionsYield
Stage #1: ethylene glycol With Rh(OTf)(trop2NH)(PPh3); water; cyclohexanone; sodium hydroxide at 20℃; for 2h; Inert atmosphere;
Stage #2: With hydrogenchloride In water Inert atmosphere;
99%
Wird durch verschiedene Essigbakterien;
With ruthenium trichloride; N-Bromosuccinimide; perchloric acid; mercury(II) diacetate; acetic acid In water Thermodynamic data; Mechanism; Kinetics; ΔE(excit.), ΔS(excit.), ΔH(excit.), and ΔF(excit.);
glycolic acid ammonium salt
35249-89-9

glycolic acid ammonium salt

glycolic Acid
79-14-1

glycolic Acid

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With water98%
With sulfuric acid In water; 4-methyl-2-pentanone; kerosene at 25 - 75℃; for 0.5 - 1h; pH=2 - 3; Purification / work up;
With sulfuric acid In water; toluene at 25 - 75℃; for 0.5h; pH=2 - 3; Purification / work up;
Glyoxal
131543-46-9

Glyoxal

glycolic Acid
79-14-1

glycolic Acid

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With aluminum trihydroxide; water at 165℃; for 3h; Mechanism;92%
With water at 99.84℃; for 18h; Catalytic behavior; Reagent/catalyst; Temperature; Time; Sealed tube; Green chemistry;91%
With alkali
glycolonitrile
107-16-4

glycolonitrile

glycolic Acid
79-14-1

glycolic Acid

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With sulfuric acid; water at 105 - 110℃; for 6h; Temperature;92%
With water; microbial enzyme at 40℃; for 12h; Product distribution / selectivity;10 - 99 %Chromat.
Stage #1: glycolonitrile With sulfuric acid In water for 2191.5h; pH=3;
Stage #2: With sodium hydroxide pH=7;
Stage #3: With water; microbial enzyme at 40℃; for 12h; Product distribution / selectivity;
99 %Chromat.
With nitrilase from Hoeflea phototrophica DFL-43; water In aq. phosphate buffer; dimethyl sulfoxide at 30℃; for 0.166667h; pH=8; Enzymatic reaction;
glycerol
56-81-5

glycerol

A

glycolic Acid
79-14-1

glycolic Acid

B

glyceric acid
473-81-4

glyceric acid

C

dihydroxyacetone
96-26-4

dihydroxyacetone

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With oxygen In water at 60℃; Catalytic behavior; Reagent/catalyst; Autoclave; chemoselective reaction;A 8.9%
B 89.9%
C 6.8%
With oxygen In water at 80℃; under 7500.75 Torr; for 2h; pH=6.7; Reagent/catalyst; Autoclave;
With oxygen In water at 60℃; under 3750.38 Torr; for 24h; Catalytic behavior; Kinetics; Reagent/catalyst; Time; High pressure;A 7.8 %Chromat.
B 55.4 %Chromat.
C 7.7 %Chromat.
benzyl glycolate
30379-58-9

benzyl glycolate

glycolic Acid
79-14-1

glycolic Acid

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With hydrogen Hydrogenolysis;88%
3-(α,α,α-trifluoro-m-tolyl)-4-isothiazolecarboxylic acid
68210-96-8

3-(α,α,α-trifluoro-m-tolyl)-4-isothiazolecarboxylic acid

chloroacetic acid ethyl ester
105-39-5

chloroacetic acid ethyl ester

glycolic Acid
79-14-1

glycolic Acid

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With sodium hydroxide In N,N,N,N,N,N-hexamethylphosphoric triamide; chloroform; benzene87%
With sodium hydroxide In N,N,N,N,N,N-hexamethylphosphoric triamide; chloroform; benzene87%
carbon monoxide
201230-82-2

carbon monoxide

glycolic Acid
79-14-1

glycolic Acid

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With water; propionic acid at 140℃; under 52476.2 Torr; for 2h; Autoclave;86%
With water; propionic acid at 140℃; under 52476.2 Torr; for 2h; Autoclave;86%
With water; propionic acid at 140℃; under 52476.2 Torr; for 2h; Autoclave;86%
With water; propionic acid at 140℃; under 52476.2 Torr; for 2h; Reagent/catalyst; Concentration; Autoclave;86 %Chromat.
dihydroxyacetone
96-26-4

dihydroxyacetone

A

formic acid
64-18-6

formic acid

B

glycolic Acid
79-14-1

glycolic Acid

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With dihydrogen peroxide In neat (no solvent) at 25℃; for 24h; Catalytic behavior; Reagent/catalyst;A n/a
B 86%
With oxygen; vanadia In water at 79.84℃; under 2250.23 Torr; for 1h; Autoclave;A 14 %Chromat.
B 13 %Chromat.
potassium chloroacetate
7748-25-6

potassium chloroacetate

glycolic Acid
79-14-1

glycolic Acid

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With water at 150℃; for 5h;85%
acetoxyacetic acid
13831-30-6

acetoxyacetic acid

glycolic Acid
79-14-1

glycolic Acid

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With copper dichloride In methanol; water for 3h; Heating;85%
N-nitrosoglycocholic acid
76757-85-2

N-nitrosoglycocholic acid

A

glycolic Acid
79-14-1

glycolic Acid

B

cholic acid
81-25-4

cholic acid

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With water at 37℃; Rate constant; Mechanism; pH 7.0 - 9.0;A 85%
B 50%
Cellobiose
13360-52-6

Cellobiose

A

glycolic Acid
79-14-1

glycolic Acid

B

D-Fructose
57-48-7

D-Fructose

C

mannonic acid
642-99-9

mannonic acid

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With copper(II) oxide In water at 199.84℃; for 0.5h; Temperature; Inert atmosphere;A n/a
B n/a
C 85%
Glycolaldehyde
141-46-8

Glycolaldehyde

A

formic acid
64-18-6

formic acid

B

glycolic Acid
79-14-1

glycolic Acid

C

Glyoxal
131543-46-9

Glyoxal

D

carbon dioxide
124-38-9

carbon dioxide

E

acetic acid
64-19-7

acetic acid

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With water; oxygen at 90℃; under 7500.75 Torr; for 8h; Catalytic behavior; Mechanism; Temperature; Pressure; Time; Reagent/catalyst;A 80.5%
B 4.2%
C 6.2%
D 2.6%
E 0.3%
C11H14N2O5S
85515-90-8

C11H14N2O5S

glycolic Acid
79-14-1

glycolic Acid

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With copper dichloride In methanol; water for 24h; Heating;80%
glycerol
56-81-5

glycerol

glycolic Acid
79-14-1

glycolic Acid

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With dihydrogen peroxide; zinc(II) oxide In water for 3h; Reagent/catalyst; UV-irradiation;77%
With dihydrogen peroxide; yttrium(III) trifluoromethanesulfonate In acetonitrile at 70℃; for 12h;16%
With dihydrogen peroxide
D-glucose
50-99-7

D-glucose

A

glycolic Acid
79-14-1

glycolic Acid

B

LACTIC ACID
849585-22-4

LACTIC ACID

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With oxygen In water at 180℃; under 13680.9 Torr; for 20h; Green chemistry;A 23.3%
B 76.7%
tartaric acid
87-69-4

tartaric acid

A

glycolic Acid
79-14-1

glycolic Acid

B

(2E)-but-2-enedioic acid
110-17-8

(2E)-but-2-enedioic acid

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With oxygen In water at 160℃; under 13680.9 Torr; for 10h; Reagent/catalyst;A 27%
B 73%
glycerol
56-81-5

glycerol

A

formic acid
64-18-6

formic acid

B

glycolic Acid
79-14-1

glycolic Acid

C

acetic acid
64-19-7

acetic acid

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With aluminium(III) triflate; dihydrogen peroxide In acetonitrile at 70℃; for 12h; Reagent/catalyst;A 72%
B 20%
C 8%
D-glucose
50-99-7

D-glucose

A

glycolic Acid
79-14-1

glycolic Acid

B

LACTIC ACID
849585-22-4

LACTIC ACID

C

succinic acid
110-15-6

succinic acid

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With oxygen In water at 180℃; under 7600.51 Torr; for 20h; Temperature; Pressure; Reagent/catalyst; Green chemistry;A 15.5%
B 71%
C 13.5%
Cellobiose
13360-52-6

Cellobiose

A

glycolic Acid
79-14-1

glycolic Acid

B

gluconic acid
526-95-4

gluconic acid

C

succinic acid
110-15-6

succinic acid

D

oxalic acid
144-62-7

oxalic acid

E

acetic acid
64-19-7

acetic acid

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With carbon nanotube supported gold nanoparticles (0.5 wt%); water; oxygen at 145℃; under 7500.75 Torr; for 3h;A n/a
B 70%
C n/a
D n/a
E n/a
glycerol
56-81-5

glycerol

A

formic acid
64-18-6

formic acid

B

glycolic Acid
79-14-1

glycolic Acid

C

Glyceraldehyde
56-82-6

Glyceraldehyde

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With potassium hydroxide for 4h; Reagent/catalyst; Electrochemical reaction;A 70%
B 13%
C 17%
With dihydrogen peroxide In water at 60℃; for 4h;
tartaric acid
87-69-4

tartaric acid

A

glycolic Acid
79-14-1

glycolic Acid

B

LACTIC ACID
849585-22-4

LACTIC ACID

C

(2E)-but-2-enedioic acid
110-17-8

(2E)-but-2-enedioic acid

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With oxygen In water at 160℃; under 13680.9 Torr; for 10h;A 69%
B 7%
C 24%
Cellobiose
13360-52-6

Cellobiose

A

glycolic Acid
79-14-1

glycolic Acid

B

D-glucose
50-99-7

D-glucose

C

gluconic acid
526-95-4

gluconic acid

D

succinic acid
110-15-6

succinic acid

E

oxalic acid
144-62-7

oxalic acid

F

acetic acid
64-19-7

acetic acid

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With carbon nanotube supported gold nanoparticles (0.5 wt%); water; oxygen at 145℃; under 3750.38 Torr; for 3h;A n/a
B n/a
C 68%
D n/a
E n/a
F n/a
D-xylose
58-86-6

D-xylose

A

glycolic Acid
79-14-1

glycolic Acid

B

LACTIC ACID
849585-22-4

LACTIC ACID

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With water; Amberlite IRA400 at 50℃; for 2h; Product distribution / selectivity;A n/a
B 64%
glycerol
56-81-5

glycerol

A

1,3-dioxolane-4-methanol
5464-28-8

1,3-dioxolane-4-methanol

B

glycerol formal
4740-78-7

glycerol formal

C

glycolic Acid
79-14-1

glycolic Acid

D

ethyl 2-hydroxyacetate
623-50-7

ethyl 2-hydroxyacetate

E

diglycerol
627-82-7

diglycerol

F

oxiranyl-methanol
556-52-5

oxiranyl-methanol

G

hydroxy-2-propanone
116-09-6

hydroxy-2-propanone

H

acrolein
107-02-8

acrolein

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With pretreated aluminium vanadium phosphate In water at 280℃; under 760.051 Torr; Catalytic behavior; Activation energy; Reagent/catalyst; Temperature;A n/a
B n/a
C n/a
D n/a
E n/a
F n/a
G n/a
H 62%
glycolic Acid
79-14-1

glycolic Acid

4-methyl-1,2-diaminobenzene
496-72-0

4-methyl-1,2-diaminobenzene

(5-methyl-1H-benzimidazole-2-yl)methanol
20034-02-0

(5-methyl-1H-benzimidazole-2-yl)methanol

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With hydrogenchloride In water for 3h; Reflux;100%
With hydrogenchloride In water for 6h; Reflux;83%
With phosphoric acid at 130℃; for 3h;72%
glycolic Acid
79-14-1

glycolic Acid

tert-butyldimethylsilyl chloride
18162-48-6

tert-butyldimethylsilyl chloride

(tert-butyldimethylsiloxy) acetic acid tert-butyldimethylsilyl ester
67226-76-0

(tert-butyldimethylsiloxy) acetic acid tert-butyldimethylsilyl ester

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With pyridine for 2h; Ambient temperature;100%
With 1H-imidazole In N,N-dimethyl-formamide for 10h; Ambient temperature;97%
With 1H-imidazole In N,N-dimethyl-formamide at 20℃; for 16h;95%
glycolic Acid
79-14-1

glycolic Acid

N-phenylsulfinylamine
222851-56-1

N-phenylsulfinylamine

glycolanilide
4746-61-6

glycolanilide

Conditions
ConditionsYield
at 25℃; for 8h;100%
In acetonitrile at 20℃; Inert atmosphere;53.6%
glycolic Acid
79-14-1

glycolic Acid

N-(4-chloro-phenyl)-sulfur imide oxide
13165-68-9, 52867-11-5

N-(4-chloro-phenyl)-sulfur imide oxide

glycolic acid-(4-chloro-anilide)
21919-09-5

glycolic acid-(4-chloro-anilide)

Conditions
ConditionsYield
at 25℃; for 6h;100%
glycolic Acid
79-14-1

glycolic Acid

FR901469 hydrochloride

FR901469 hydrochloride

C73H118N14O25

C73H118N14O25

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With benzotriazol-1-ol; 1-ethyl-(3-(3-dimethylamino)propyl)-carbodiimide hydrochloride; N-ethyl-N,N-diisopropylamine In N,N-dimethyl-formamide at 20℃;100%
2,2′-bis(pyrazolyl)-ethylamine

2,2′-bis(pyrazolyl)-ethylamine

glycolic Acid
79-14-1

glycolic Acid

C10H13N5O2

C10H13N5O2

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With O-(1H-benzotriazol-1-yl)-N,N,N',N'-tetramethyluronium hexafluorophosphate; triethylamine In N,N-dimethyl-formamide at 20℃;100%
glycolic Acid
79-14-1

glycolic Acid

4-methoxy-1,2-phenylenediamine
102-51-2

4-methoxy-1,2-phenylenediamine

(5-methoxy-1H-benzimidazole-2-yl)-methanol
20033-99-2

(5-methoxy-1H-benzimidazole-2-yl)-methanol

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With hydrogenchloride In water Reflux;100%
With hydrogenchloride In water for 6h; Reflux;51%
Stage #1: glycolic Acid; 4-methoxy-1,2-phenylenediamine With hydrogenchloride In water for 16h; Heating / reflux;
Stage #2: With sodium hydroxide In water
With hydrogenchloride In water for 6h; Reflux;
With hydrogenchloride In water at 100℃; for 6h;
glycolic Acid
79-14-1

glycolic Acid

piperidine-4-carboxylic acid benzyl ester hydrochloride

piperidine-4-carboxylic acid benzyl ester hydrochloride

benzyl 1-glycoloylpiperidine-4-carboxylate
945955-09-9

benzyl 1-glycoloylpiperidine-4-carboxylate

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With benzotriazol-1-ol; 1-ethyl-(3-(3-dimethylamino)propyl)-carbodiimide hydrochloride; triethylamine In acetonitrile at 20℃; for 12h;100%
With benzotriazol-1-ol; 1-ethyl-(3-(3-dimethylamino)propyl)-carbodiimide hydrochloride; triethylamine In acetonitrile at 20℃; for 48h;57%
glycolic Acid
79-14-1

glycolic Acid

meloxicam
71125-38-7

meloxicam

meloxicam glycolic acid
1174325-97-3

meloxicam glycolic acid

Conditions
ConditionsYield
In chloroform for 0.5h;100%
In tetrahydrofuran Product distribution / selectivity;
glycolic Acid
79-14-1

glycolic Acid

3-(4-chlorophenyl)-1H-pyrazol-5-amine
78583-81-0

3-(4-chlorophenyl)-1H-pyrazol-5-amine

N-(3-(4-chlorophenyl)-1H-pyrazol-5-yl)-2-hydroxyacetamide
1160285-30-2

N-(3-(4-chlorophenyl)-1H-pyrazol-5-yl)-2-hydroxyacetamide

Conditions
ConditionsYield
In toluene at 110℃; for 48h; Inert atmosphere;100%
glycolic Acid
79-14-1

glycolic Acid

4,6,4',6'-tetrachloro-2,2'-(3,6-dioxa-octane-1,8-diyldioxy)-bis-[1,3,5]triazine
36394-85-1

4,6,4',6'-tetrachloro-2,2'-(3,6-dioxa-octane-1,8-diyldioxy)-bis-[1,3,5]triazine

C16H16Cl2N6O10(2-)*2Na(1+)

C16H16Cl2N6O10(2-)*2Na(1+)

Conditions
ConditionsYield
Stage #1: glycolic Acid With sodium hydride In DMF (N,N-dimethyl-formamide) at 0 - 20℃; for 2h;
Stage #2: 4,6,4',6'-tetrachloro-2,2'-(3,6-dioxa-octane-1,8-diyldioxy)-bis-[1,3,5]triazine In DMF (N,N-dimethyl-formamide) at 0 - 20℃;
100%
glycolic Acid
79-14-1

glycolic Acid

(R)-6-chloro-5-fluoro-2-(6-fluoroimidazo[1,2-a]pyridin-3-yl)-N-(piperidin-3-yl)pyrimidin-4-amine

(R)-6-chloro-5-fluoro-2-(6-fluoroimidazo[1,2-a]pyridin-3-yl)-N-(piperidin-3-yl)pyrimidin-4-amine

2-((3R)-3-{[6-chloro-5-fluoro-2-(6-fluoroimidazo[1,2-a]pyridin-3-yl)pyrimidin-4-yl]amino} piperidin-1-yl)-2-oxoethanol

2-((3R)-3-{[6-chloro-5-fluoro-2-(6-fluoroimidazo[1,2-a]pyridin-3-yl)pyrimidin-4-yl]amino} piperidin-1-yl)-2-oxoethanol

Conditions
ConditionsYield
Stage #1: (R)-6-chloro-5-fluoro-2-(6-fluoroimidazo[1,2-a]pyridin-3-yl)-N-(piperidin-3-yl)pyrimidin-4-amine With triethylamine In N,N-dimethyl-formamide at 20℃; for 0.5h;
Stage #2: glycolic Acid With N-[(dimethylamino)-3-oxo-1H-1,2,3-triazolo[4,5-b]pyridin-1-yl-methylene]-N-methylmethanaminium hexafluorophosphate In N,N-dimethyl-formamide at 20℃; for 4.5h;
100%
glycolic Acid
79-14-1

glycolic Acid

C25H33NO9

C25H33NO9

C23H31NO9

C23H31NO9

Conditions
ConditionsYield
Stage #1: C25H33NO9 With tetrakis(triphenylphosphine) palladium(0); N,N-Dimethyltrimethylsilylamine In chloroform at 20℃; for 2h; Inert atmosphere;
Stage #2: glycolic Acid With 4-(4,6-dimethoxy-1,3,5-triazin-2-yl)-4-methylmorpholinium chloride In tetrahydrofuran at 20℃; for 2h;
100%
glycolic Acid
79-14-1

glycolic Acid

C47H58N2O14

C47H58N2O14

1-allyl-2-glycolylamino-6-O-benzyl-4-O-(3’-O-benzyl-4’,6’-O-benzylidene-2’-deoxy-2’-ethylamino-β-D-glucopyranosyl)-2-deoxy-3-O-[(R)-1-(ethoxycarbonyl)ethyl]-α-D-glucopyranoside

1-allyl-2-glycolylamino-6-O-benzyl-4-O-(3’-O-benzyl-4’,6’-O-benzylidene-2’-deoxy-2’-ethylamino-β-D-glucopyranosyl)-2-deoxy-3-O-[(R)-1-(ethoxycarbonyl)ethyl]-α-D-glucopyranoside

Conditions
ConditionsYield
Stage #1: C47H58N2O14 With tetrakis(triphenylphosphine) palladium(0); N,N-Dimethyltrimethylsilylamine In chloroform at 20℃; for 2h; Inert atmosphere;
Stage #2: glycolic Acid With 4-(4,6-dimethoxy-1,3,5-triazin-2-yl)-4-methylmorpholinium chloride In tetrahydrofuran at 20℃; for 2h;
100%
glycolic Acid
79-14-1

glycolic Acid

4-(benzyloxy)-5-chlorobenzene-1,2-diamine

4-(benzyloxy)-5-chlorobenzene-1,2-diamine

N-(2-amino-4-(benzyloxy)-5-chlorophenyl)-2-hydroxyacetamide

N-(2-amino-4-(benzyloxy)-5-chlorophenyl)-2-hydroxyacetamide

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With N-ethyl-N,N-diisopropylamine; HATU In dichloromethane at 20℃; for 2h;100%
glycolic Acid
79-14-1

glycolic Acid

4-(4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-[1,3,2]dioxaborolan-2-yl)aniline
214360-73-3

4-(4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-[1,3,2]dioxaborolan-2-yl)aniline

C14H20BNO4

C14H20BNO4

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With N-ethyl-N,N-diisopropylamine; HATU In N,N-dimethyl-formamide at 20℃; for 36h;100%
glycolic Acid
79-14-1

glycolic Acid

tris(4-aza-2-hydroxydecyl)amine

tris(4-aza-2-hydroxydecyl)amine

tris(4-aza-2,6-dihydroxy-4-hexyl-5-oxohexyl)amine

tris(4-aza-2,6-dihydroxy-4-hexyl-5-oxohexyl)amine

Conditions
ConditionsYield
In 5,5-dimethyl-1,3-cyclohexadiene99.7%
glycolic Acid
79-14-1

glycolic Acid

H-Gpn-OH
60142-96-3

H-Gpn-OH

C9H17NO2*C2H4O3

C9H17NO2*C2H4O3

Conditions
ConditionsYield
In neat (no solvent) for 0.25h; Green chemistry;99.3%
2-(N,N-dimethylamino)ethanol
108-01-0

2-(N,N-dimethylamino)ethanol

glycolic Acid
79-14-1

glycolic Acid

N,N-dimethylethanolammonium glycolate
176158-74-0

N,N-dimethylethanolammonium glycolate

Conditions
ConditionsYield
In ethanol99%
glycolic Acid
79-14-1

glycolic Acid

ethanolamine
141-43-5

ethanolamine

(4,5-dihydrooxazol-2-yl)methanol
22375-00-4

(4,5-dihydrooxazol-2-yl)methanol

Conditions
ConditionsYield
In xylene for 6h; Heating / reflux;99%
glycolic Acid
79-14-1

glycolic Acid

N-[4-(4-amino-7-piperidin-4-ylpyrrolo[2,1-f][1,2,4]triazin-5-yl)-2-fluorophenyl]-N'-[2-fluoro-5-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]urea
939965-82-9

N-[4-(4-amino-7-piperidin-4-ylpyrrolo[2,1-f][1,2,4]triazin-5-yl)-2-fluorophenyl]-N'-[2-fluoro-5-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]urea

N-4-[4-amino-7-(1-glycoloylpiperidin-4-yl)pyrrolo[2,1-f][1,2,4]triazin-5-yl]-2-fluorophenyl-N'-[2-fluoro-5-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]urea
939965-86-3

N-4-[4-amino-7-(1-glycoloylpiperidin-4-yl)pyrrolo[2,1-f][1,2,4]triazin-5-yl]-2-fluorophenyl-N'-[2-fluoro-5-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]urea

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With 4-methyl-morpholine; (benzotriazo-1-yloxy)tris(dimethylamino)phosphonium hexafluorophosphate In N,N-dimethyl-formamide at 20℃; for 17h;99%
glycolic Acid
79-14-1

glycolic Acid

3-chloro-aniline
108-42-9

3-chloro-aniline

N-(3-chlorophenyl)-2-hydroxyacetamide

N-(3-chlorophenyl)-2-hydroxyacetamide

Conditions
ConditionsYield
at 130℃; for 5h; Inert atmosphere;99%
(morpholinomethyl)hydrosilane
5625-96-7

(morpholinomethyl)hydrosilane

glycolic Acid
79-14-1

glycolic Acid

5-(morpholin-4-iomethyl)-2,7-dioxo-1,4,6,9-tetraoxa-5-silaspiro[4,4]nonan-5-uide
1138348-24-9

5-(morpholin-4-iomethyl)-2,7-dioxo-1,4,6,9-tetraoxa-5-silaspiro[4,4]nonan-5-uide

Conditions
ConditionsYield
In dichloromethane at 20℃; for 0.25h; Solvent;99%
glycolic Acid
79-14-1

glycolic Acid

(R)-5-bromo-2-(3-methylpiperazin-1-yl)pyrimidine dihydrochloride

(R)-5-bromo-2-(3-methylpiperazin-1-yl)pyrimidine dihydrochloride

(R)-1-(4-(5-bromopyrimidin-2-yl)-2-methylpiperazin-1-yl)-2-hydroxyethanone

(R)-1-(4-(5-bromopyrimidin-2-yl)-2-methylpiperazin-1-yl)-2-hydroxyethanone

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With triethylamine; HATU In N,N-dimethyl-formamide for 1.5h;99%
With triethylamine; HATU In N,N-dimethyl-formamide for 4h;87%
glycolic Acid
79-14-1

glycolic Acid

acetic acid
64-19-7

acetic acid

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With hydrogen; propionic acid; sodium iodide at 220℃; under 20686.5 Torr; for 1h;99%

79-14-1Relevant articles and documents

Gas Evolution Oscillators. 2. A Reexamination of Formic Acid Dehydration

Smith, Kenneth W.,Noyes, Richard M.,Bowers, Peter G.

, p. 1514 - 1519 (1983)

At formic acid concentrations of about 0.3 M in warm concentrated sulfuric acid, carbon monoxide is evolved smoothly whether the solution is stirred or not.If such a solution is rapidly stirred, decay of formic acid obeys clean irreversible first-order kinetics.If the solution is not stirred, the concentration of dissolved carbon monoxide rises to a limit of about 0.07 M; this value is about 80 times the equilibrium solubility at 1 atm.In an unstirred solution, the system approaches a "pseudoequilibrium" in which the concentrations of dissolved HCOOH and CO are about equal.If the concentration of formic acid is increased to about 4 M, gas is evolved from a gently stirred solution in oscillatory pulses.The amount of gas evolved during a pulse decreases with successive pulses, the maximum change in dissolved-gas concentration being approximately 0.07 M per pulse.These observations indicate that the oscillations result from repetitive release of supersaturation by homogeneous nucleation; they invalidate the purely chemical explanation developed by Showalter and Noyes.Supersaturations of up to 80-fold suggest that formic acid in concentrated sulfuric acid can generate carbon monoxide in situ at concentrations that could otherwise only be attained with high-pressure apparatus.

Glycolic acid formation in Chlorella.

WARBURG,KRIPPAHL

, (1960)

-

Facilitated series electrochemical hydrogenation of oxalic acid to glycolic acid using TiO2 nanotubes

Im, Sunmi,Park, Yiseul,Saad, Sarwar

, (2022/01/11)

In this study, the electrochemical reduction of oxalic acid (OX) was performed at electrodes made of TiO2 nanotubes (TNTs) in an aqueous medium under potentiostatic control in a two-compartment cell. The competing H2 evolution was almost non-existent at an applied potential of ?1.0 V vs Ag/AgCl. Thus, complete conversion of OX was achieved in high chemical (95%) and Faradaic (67%) yields. The selectivity of glycolic acid (GC) formation over that of glyoxylic acid (GO) is controlled by the length of the TNTs. A high selectivity (GC/GO ≈ 10) was obtained (glycolic acid/glyoxylic acid ≈ 10). The physical properties of the TNTs, such as length, uniformity, and mechanical strength, were controlled by varying the anodization time and the electrolyte composition.

Experimental and kinetic study of the conversion of waste starch into glycolic acid over phosphomolybdic acid

Dai, Hongqi,Qiao, Yongzhen,Wang, Xiu

, p. 30961 - 30970 (2021/11/19)

The starch used to enhance the paper surface dissolves in water during the production process and forms pollutants that accumulate in water when old corrugated cardboard (OCC) is returned to a paper mill for pulping and reuse. At present, anaerobic fermentation is widely used in the paper industry to treat starch-containing wastewater, producing biogas energy, or oxidative decomposition, which is a huge waste of valuable starch resources. Phosphomolybdic acid (PMo12) is a highly selective catalyst for the oxidation of carbohydrates; therefore, PMo12 can be envisaged as a suitable catalyst to convert waste starch into glycolic acid, an important high added-value chemical. In this paper, the catalytic oxidation technology of PMo12 was explored to produce glycolic acid from starch contained in OCC papermaking wastewater, and the kinetics and influencing factors of the catalytic oxidation reaction were studied. The results indicated that the PMo12-catalyzed oxidation of starch followed a first-order reaction; the reaction rate constant increased with increasing the temperature, the apparent activation energy of starch to monosaccharide was 104.7 kJ mol-1, the apparent activation energies of starch and monosaccharide to humins were 126.5 and 140.5 kJ mol-1, and the apparent activation energy of monosaccharide to glycolic acid was 117.2 kJ mol-1. The yields of monosaccharide and glycolic acid were 80.7 wt% and 12.9 wt%, respectively, and the utilization of starch resources was about 90.0 wt% under the following reaction conditions: temperature, 145 °C; reaction time, 120 min; pH, 2. Therefore, the feasibility of the PMo12-catalyzed oxidation of starch to produce high value-added glycolic acid is demonstrated, which has theoretical guiding significance and potential application value for the clean production and resource utilization of waste starch in the OCC papermaking process.

Method for synergistically preparing formic acid and glycollic acid by catalyzing 1, 3-dihydroxyacetone with bimetallic catalyst

-

Paragraph 0043-0053, (2021/05/29)

The invention discloses a method for synergistically preparing formic acid and glycollic acid by catalyzing 1, 3-dihydroxyacetone with a bimetallic catalyst, and belongs to the technical field of chemical synthesis and biomass heterogeneous catalytic conversion. The preparation method comprises the following specific steps: putting a bimetallic catalyst, 1, 3-dihydroxyacetone and a solvent into a reaction container, finally adding an oxidant, sealing the reaction container, and starting a reaction to prepare formic acid and glycollic acid compounds, wherein the initial concentration of 1, 3-dihydroxyacetone is not lower than 0.1 mol/L, the initial reaction pH is 0.5-9, the reaction temperature is 20-100 DEG C, and the reaction time is 1-72 hours. According to the invention, the efficient synergistic production of formic acid and glycollic acid can be realized, wherein the yield of formic acid is 91.06%, the yield of glycollic acid is 82.46%, the utilization rate of carbon atoms is 85.33%, and the carbon atom utilization rate is extremely high; and the method has the advantages of mild reaction conditions, no alkali, cheap catalyst, simple preparation and wide application prospect.

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