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Industry Grade Tetrahydrofuran Ready to Ship
Cas No: 109-99-9
USD $ 6250.0-6250.0 / Metric Ton 1 Metric Ton 100 Metric Ton/Day VD BIOTECH LIMITED Contact Supplier
Tetrahydrofuran Factory
Cas No: 109-99-9
USD $ 1.0-1.0 / Kilogram 1 Kilogram 1-500 Metric Ton/Year Chemwill Asia Co., Ltd. Contact Supplier
High purity 109-99-9 Tetrahydrofuran
Cas No: 109-99-9
USD $ 100.0-500.0 / Gram 1 Gram 99999 Gram/Year Hangzhou Dingyan Chem Co., Ltd Contact Supplier
Tetrahydrofuran
Cas No: 109-99-9
USD $ 0.9-1.0 / Kilogram 1 Kilogram 1000 Kilogram/Month LIDE PHARMACEUTICALS LIMITED Contact Supplier
High purity Tetrahydrofuran CAS 109-99-9 with factory price
Cas No: 109-99-9
USD $ 4.0-7.0 / Kilogram 180 Kilogram 200 Metric Ton/Month Wuhan Fortuna Chemical Co.,Ltd Contact Supplier
Amadis Chemical offer CAS#109-99-9;CAT#A802124
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No Data 10 Milligram Amadis Chemical Co., Ltd. Contact Supplier
Tetrahydrofuran CAS: 109-99-9
Cas No: 109-99-9
USD $ 1.0-2.0 / Metric Ton 5 Metric Ton 1000 Metric Ton/Year Henan Sinotech Import&Export Corporation Contact Supplier
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Tetrahydrofuran Manufacturer 109-99-9 Acaricide Intermediate
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No Data 10 Gram 10000 Metric Ton/Month Hubei XinRunde Chemical Co., Ltd Contact Supplier
109-99-9 Tetrahydrofuran
Cas No: 109-99-9
USD $ 200.0-200.0 / Kilogram 1 Kilogram 10 Metric Ton/Month Henan Tianfu Chemical Co., Ltd. Contact Supplier

109-99-9 Usage

Purification Methods

It is obtained commercially by catalytic hydrogenation of furan from pentosan-containing agricultural residues. It was purified by refluxing with, and distilling from LiAlH4 which removes water, peroxides, inhibitors and other impurities [Jaeger et al. J Am Chem Soc 101 717 1979]. Peroxides can also be removed by passage through a column of activated alumina, or by treatment with aqueous ferrous sulfate and sodium bisulfate, followed by solid KOH. In both cases, the solvent is then dried and fractionally distilled from sodium. Lithium wire or vigorously stirred molten potassium have also been used for this purpose. CaH2 has also been used as a drying agent. Several methods are available for obtaining the solvent almost anhydrous. Ware [J Am Chem Soc 83 1296 1961] dried it vigorously with sodium-potassium alloy until a characteristic blue colour was evident in the solvent at Dry-ice/cellosolve temperatures. The solvent is kept in contact with the alloy until distilled for use. Worsfold and Bywater [J Chem Soc 5234 1960], after refluxing and distilling from P2O5 and KOH, in turn, refluxed the solvent with sodium-potassium alloy and fluorenone until the green colour of the disodium salt of fluorenone was well established. [Alternatively, instead of fluorenone, benzophenone, which forms a blue ketyl, can be used.] The tetrahydrofuran was then fractionally distilled, degassed and stored above CaH2. p-Cresol or hydroquinone inhibit peroxide formation. The method described by Coetzee and Chang [Pure Appl Chem 57 633 1985] for 1,4-dioxane also applies here. Distillations should always be done in the presence of a reducing agent, e.g. FeSO4. [Beilstein 17 H 10, 17 I 5, 17 II 15, 17 III/IV 24, 17/1 V 27.] It irritates the skin, eyes and mucous membranes, and the vapour should never be inhaled. It is HIGHLY FLAMMABLE, and the necessary precautions should be taken. Rapid purification: Purification as for diethyl ether.

Incompatibilities

Forms thermally explosive peroxides in air on standing (in absence of inhibitors). Peroxides can be detonated by heating, friction, or impact. Reacts violently with strong oxidizers, strong bases and some metal halides. Attacks some forms of plastics, rubber and coatings.

Industrial uses

Tetrahydrofuran (THF), the saturated derivative of furan, when used as a solvent for high molecular weight polyvinyl chloride (PVC), vinyl chloride copolymers, and polyvinylidene chloride copolymers at ambient temperatures yields solutions of high solids content. Blends of THF and methyl ethyl ketone are often used for increased solvency in certain polymer compositions. Applications for THF polymer solutions include PVC top coatings of automotive upholstery, audio tape coatings of polyurethane/metal oxides on polyester tape, polyurethane coatings for fabric finishes, water-vapor barrier film coatings of PVC, and polyvinylidene chloride copolymers onto cellophane film. Tetrahydrofuran is an excellent solvent for many inks used for printing on PVC film and on PVC plastic articles. Polyvinyl chloride pipe welding cements are made by dissolving the resin in THF solvent. Other adhesive applications include cements for leather, plastic sheeting, and for molded plastic assemblies. Other uses of THF are as a chemical intermediate and as a complexing solvent for various inorganic, organometallic, and organic compounds. These THF complexes are important as Grignard reagents, catalysts for organic reactions, and in stereo-specific polymerizations. Tetrahydrofuran is the solvent of choice in many pharmaceutical reactions and applications. The excellent solvency of THF makes this solvent ideal for solvent cleaning of polymer manufacturing and processing equipment.

General Description

A clear colorless liquid with an ethereal odor. Less dense than water. Flash point 6°F. Vapors are heavier than air.

Description

Tetrahydrofuran (THF)? is a colorless, volatile liquid with an ethereal or acetonelike smell and is miscible in water and most organic solvents.It is highly flammable and may thermally decompose to carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide. Prolonged storage in contact with air and in the absence of an antioxidant may cause THF to decompose into explosive peroxides. Tetrahydrofuran is used in the manufacture of polymers as well as agricultural, pharmaceutical, and commodity chemicals. Manufacturing activities commonly occur in closed systems or under engineering controls that limit worker exposure and release to the environment. THF is also used as a solvent (e.g., pipe fitting) that may result in more significant exposures when used in confined spaces without sufficient ventilation. Although THF is naturally present in coffee aroma, floured chickpeas, and cooked chicken, natural exposures are not anticipated to pose a significant hazard.

Uses

Butylene oxide is used as a fumigant and inadmixture with other compounds. It is usedto stabilize fuel with respect to color andsludge formation.

Shipping

UN2056 Tetrahydrofuran, Hazard Class: 3; Labels: 3-Flammable liquid.

Safety Profile

Moderately toxic by ingestion and intraperitoneal routes. Mildly toxic by inhalation. Human systemic effects by inhalation: general anesthesia. Mutation data reported. Irritant to eyes and mucous membranes. Narcotic in high concentrations. Reported as causing injury to liver and kidneys. Flammable liquid. A very dangerous fire hazard when exposed to heat, flames, oxidizers. Explosive in the form of vapor when exposed to heat or flame. In common with ethers, unstabilized tetrahydrofuran forms thermally explosive peroxides on exposure to air. Stored THF must always be tested for peroxide prior to distdlation. Peroxides can be removed by treatment with strong ferrous sulfate solution made slightly acidic with sodium bisulfate. Caustic alkalies deplete the inhibitor in THF and may subsequently cause an explosive reaction. Explosive reaction with KOH, NaAlH2, NaOH, sodium tetrahydroaluminate. Reacts with 2-aminophenol + potassium dioxide to form an explosive product. Reacts with lithium tetrahydroaluminate or borane to form explosive hydrogen gas. Violent reaction with metal halides (e.g., hafnium tetrachloride, titanium tetrachloride, zirconium tetrachloride). Vigorous reaction with bromine, calcium hydride + heat. Can react with oxidizing materials. To fight fire, use foam, dry chemical, COa. When heated to decomposition it emits acrid smoke and irritating fumes. See also 2TETRAHYDROFURYL HYDROPEROXIDE

Health Hazard

The toxicity of tetrahydrofuran is of loworder in animals and humans. The targetorgans are primarily the respiratory systemand central nervous system. It is an irritantto the upper respiratory tract and eyes.At high concentrations it exhibits anestheticproperties similar to those of many loweraliphatic ethers. Exposure to concentrationsabove 25,000 ppm in air can cause anesthesiain humans. Other effects noted were strongrespiratory stimulation and fall in bloodpressure (ACGIH 1986). Kidney and liverinjuries occurred in experimental animalsexposed to 3000 ppm for 8 hours/day for20 days (Lehman and Flury 1943). Inhalationof high concentrations of vapors or ingestionof the liquid also causes nausea, vomiting,and severe headache. The acute oraltoxicity is low; the LD50 value in rats is in therange of 2800 mg/kg. The inhalation LC50value in rats is 21,000 ppm/3 h.

Environmental fate

Photolytic. The rate constants for the reaction of tetrahydrofuran and OH radicals in the atmosphere are 1.67 x 10-11 cm3/molecule?sec at 298 K (Moriarty et al., 2003) and 8.8 x 10-12 cm3/molecule?sec at 300 K (Hendry and Kenley, 1979). Atkinson et al. (1988) reported a rate constant of 4.875 x 10-15 cm3/molecule?sec for the reaction with NO3 radicals in air.

Reactivity Profile

Tetrahydrofuran reacts violently with oxidizing agents leading to fires and explosions [Handling Chemicals Safely 1980. p. 891]. Subject to peroxidation in the air. Peroxides or their products react exothermically with lithium aluminum hydride [MCA Guide for Safety 1973]. Thus, use as a solvent for lithium aluminum hydride has led to fires. Using potassium hydroxide or sodium hydroxide to dry impure Tetrahydrofuran that contains peroxides has resulted in explosions. A violent explosion occurred during the preparation of sodium aluminum hydride from sodium and aluminum in a medium of Tetrahydrofuran [Chem. Eng. News 39(40):57. 1961]. THF forms explosive products with 2-aminophenol [Lewis 3227].

Chemical Properties

Tetrahydrofuran (THF) is an industrial solvent widely recognized for its unique combination of useful properties. DuPont THF is better than 99.9% pure with a small (0.025-0.040 wt % ) amount of butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT, 4-methyl-2,6-di-tertbutyl phenol) added as an antioxidant. Tetrahydrofuran is a cycloaliphatic ether and is not "photochemically reactive" as defined in Section k of Los Angeles County's Rule 66 (equivalent to Rule 442 of the Southern California Air Pollution Control District). THF has an ethereal odor. The Odor Threshold is listed @ 3.8 (3M), 20-50ppm, and 31ppm. It is also a common laboratory reagent and an intermediate in chemical syntheses of consumer and industrial products such as nutritionals, pharmaceuticals, and insecticides (HSDB, 2011).

Carcinogenicity

THF showed little evidence of mutagenic activity in a variety of in vitro and in vivo assays.

Uses

Tetrahydrofuran is used as a solvent forresins, vinyls, and high polymers; as a Grignardreaction medium for organometallic,and metal hydride reactions; and in the synthesisof succinic acid and butyrolactone.

Waste Disposal

Consult with environmental regulatory agencies for guidance on acceptable disposal practices. Generators of waste containing this contaminant (≥100 kg/mo) must conform with EPA regulations governing storage, transportation, treatment, and waste disposal. Concentrated waste containing peroxides-perforation of a container of the waste from a safe distance followed by open burning.

Flammability and Explosibility

THF is extremely flammable (NFPA rating = 3), and its vapor can travel a considerable distance to an ignition source and "flash back." A 5% solution of THF in water is flammable. THF vapor forms explosive mixtures with air at concentrations of 2 to 12% (by volume). Carbon dioxide or dry chemical extinguishers should be used for THF fires.THF can form shock- and heat-sensitive peroxides, which may explode on concentration by distillation or evaporation. Always test samples of THF for the presence of peroxides before distilling or allowing to evaporate. THF should never be distilled to dryness.

storage

THF should be used only in areas free of ignition sources, and quantities greater than 1 liter should be stored in tightly sealed metal containers in areas separate from oxidizers. Containers of THF should be dated when opened and tested periodically for the presence of peroxides.

Uses

Tetrahydrofuran is used primarily (80%) to make polytetramethylene ether glycol, the base polymer used primarily in the manufacture of elastomeric fibers (e.g., spandex) as well as polyurethane and polyester elastomers (e.g., artificial leather, skateboard wheels). The remainder (20%) is used in solvent applications (e.g., pipe cements, adhesives, printing inks, and magnetic tape) and as a reaction solvent in chemical and pharmaceutical syntheses.

Potential Exposure

The primary use of tetrahydrofuran is as a solvent to dissolve synthetic resins, particularly polyvinyl chloride and vinylidene chloride copolymers. It is also used to cast polyvinyl chloride films, to coat substrates with vinyl and vinylidene chloride; and to solubilize adhesives based on or containing polyvinyl chloride resins. A second large market for THF is as an electrolytic solvent in the Grignard reaction-based production of tetramethyl lead. THF is used as an intermediate in the production of polytetramethylene glycol.

Physical properties

Tetrahydrofuran is a clear, colourless liquid with a strong ether-like odour. Odor threshold concentration is 2 ppm (quoted, Amoore and Hautala, 1983). It is highly flammable. Contact of tetrahydrofuran with strong oxidising agents may cause explosions. Tetrahydrofuran may polymerise in the presence of cationic initiators. Contact with lithium–aluminium hydride, with other lithium–aluminium alloys, or with sodium or potassium hydroxide can be hazardous.

Chemical Reactivity

Reactivity with Water No reaction; Reactivity with Common Materials: No data; Stability During Transport: Stable; Neutralizing Agents for Acids and Caustics: Not pertinent; Polymerization: May occur when the product is in contact with strong acids and bases; Inhibitor of Polymerization: No data.

Source

Leaches from PVC cement used to join tubing (Wang and Bricker, 1979)

Definition

ChEBI: A cyclic ether that is butane in which one hydrogen from each methyl group is substituted by an oxygen.

Uses

Solvent for high polymers, especially polyvinyl chloride. As reaction medium for Grignard and metal hydride reactions. In the synthesis of butyrolactone, succinic acid, 1,4-butanediol diacetate. Solvent in histological techniques. May be used under Federal Food, Drug & Cosmetic Act for fabrication of articles for packaging, transporting, or storing of foods if residual amount does not exceed 1.5% of the film: Fed. Regist. 27, 3919 (Apr. 25, 1962).

Air & Water Reactions

Highly flammable. Oxidizes readily in air to form unstable peroxides that may explode spontaneously [Bretherick, 1979 p.151-154, 164]. Soluble in water.
InChI:InChI=1/C13H12O/c14-13-11-7-3-1-5-9(11)10-6-2-4-8-12(10)13/h1,3,5,7H,2,4,6,8H2

109-99-9 Well-known Company Product Price

Brand (Code)Product description CAS number Packaging Price Detail
Alfa Aesar (30760)  Tetrahydrofuran, ACS, 99+%, stab. with 250ppm BHT    109-99-9 500ml 341.0CNY Detail
Alfa Aesar (30760)  Tetrahydrofuran, ACS, 99+%, stab. with 250ppm BHT    109-99-9 1L 455.0CNY Detail
Alfa Aesar (30760)  Tetrahydrofuran, ACS, 99+%, stab. with 250ppm BHT    109-99-9 4L 2104.0CNY Detail
Alfa Aesar (30760)  Tetrahydrofuran, ACS, 99+%, stab. with 250ppm BHT    109-99-9 *4x1L 2346.0CNY Detail
Alfa Aesar (47122)  Tetrahydrofuran, anhydrous, 99.8+%, BHT-free, over molecular sieves, packaged under Argon in resealable ChemSeal bottles    109-99-9 100ml 466.0CNY Detail
Alfa Aesar (47122)  Tetrahydrofuran, anhydrous, 99.8+%, BHT-free, over molecular sieves, packaged under Argon in resealable ChemSeal bottles    109-99-9 1L 1196.0CNY Detail
Alfa Aesar (44608)  Tetrahydrofuran, anhydrous, 99.8+%, stab. with 0.025% BHT, packaged under Argon in resealable ChemSeal? bottles    109-99-9 100ml 405.0CNY Detail
Alfa Aesar (44608)  Tetrahydrofuran, anhydrous, 99.8+%, stab. with 0.025% BHT, packaged under Argon in resealable ChemSeal? bottles    109-99-9 1L 1245.0CNY Detail
Alfa Aesar (44608)  Tetrahydrofuran, anhydrous, 99.8+%, stab. with 0.025% BHT, packaged under Argon in resealable ChemSeal? bottles    109-99-9 *4x1L 4612.0CNY Detail
Alfa Aesar (42254)  Tetrahydrofuran, anhydrous, 99.8+%, unstab.    109-99-9 250ml 122.0CNY Detail
Alfa Aesar (42254)  Tetrahydrofuran, anhydrous, 99.8+%, unstab.    109-99-9 1L 468.0CNY Detail
Alfa Aesar (42254)  Tetrahydrofuran, anhydrous, 99.8+%, unstab.    109-99-9 4L 1409.0CNY Detail

109-99-9SDS

SAFETY DATA SHEETS

According to Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) - Sixth revised edition

Version: 1.0

Creation Date: Aug 10, 2017

Revision Date: Aug 10, 2017

1.Identification

1.1 GHS Product identifier

Product name Tetrahydrofuran

1.2 Other means of identification

Product number -
Other names tetrahydro-furan

1.3 Recommended use of the chemical and restrictions on use

Identified uses For industry use only.
Uses advised against no data available

1.4 Supplier's details

1.5 Emergency phone number

Emergency phone number -
Service hours Monday to Friday, 9am-5pm (Standard time zone: UTC/GMT +8 hours).

More Details:109-99-9 SDS

109-99-9Synthetic route

furan
110-00-9

furan

tetrahydrofuran
109-99-9

tetrahydrofuran

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With 3% Pd/C; hydrogen In isopropyl alcohol at 219.84℃; under 25858.1 Torr; for 5h; Inert atmosphere;100%
With hydrogen; acetic acid In water at 39.84℃; for 2h; Inert atmosphere;98%
With ruthenium; hydrogen; 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium Tetrafluoroborate at 25℃; under 22502.3 Torr; for 36h; Autoclave; chemoselective reaction;95%
2-hydroxytetrahydrofuran
5371-52-8

2-hydroxytetrahydrofuran

tetrahydrofuran
109-99-9

tetrahydrofuran

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With phosphoric acid; 5%-palladium/activated carbon; hydrogen at 100℃; under 3750.38 - 13501.4 Torr; for 7h; Reagent/catalyst; Pressure; Temperature; Autoclave;100%
Butane-1,4-diol
110-63-4

Butane-1,4-diol

tetrahydrofuran
109-99-9

tetrahydrofuran

Conditions
ConditionsYield
Trichlorbutylstannan at 80 - 84℃; for 9h;99%
Trichlorbutylstannan at 80 - 84℃; for 19h; Mechanism; different molar ratios, different times;99%
zirconium(IV) sulfate at 200℃; under 760.051 Torr; Product distribution / selectivity; Gas phase;99.5%
n-butane
106-97-8

n-butane

tetrahydrofuran
109-99-9

tetrahydrofuran

Conditions
ConditionsYield
Stage #1: n-butane With oxygen at 403℃; under 2175.22 Torr;
Stage #2: With hydrogen In Phthalic acid dibutyl ester Product distribution / selectivity;
99.5%
maleic acid
110-16-7

maleic acid

A

tetrahydrofuran
109-99-9

tetrahydrofuran

B

4-butanolide
96-48-0

4-butanolide

C

Butane-1,4-diol
110-63-4

Butane-1,4-diol

D

succinic acid
110-15-6

succinic acid

E

acetic acid
64-19-7

acetic acid

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With hydrogen; 0.5 percent Pd on Rutile TiO2 at 110℃; Product distribution / selectivity;A 0.37%
B 0.28%
C 0.37%
D 98.89%
E 0.08%
maleic acid
110-16-7

maleic acid

A

tetrahydrofuran
109-99-9

tetrahydrofuran

B

4-butanolide
96-48-0

4-butanolide

C

methanol
67-56-1

methanol

D

Butane-1,4-diol
110-63-4

Butane-1,4-diol

E

malic acid
617-48-1

malic acid

F

succinic acid
110-15-6

succinic acid

G

acetic acid
64-19-7

acetic acid

H

butan-1-ol
71-36-3

butan-1-ol

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With hydrogen; 0.5percent Pd on Rutile TiO2 at 110℃; Product distribution / selectivity;A 0.45%
B 0.06%
C 0%
D 0.21%
E 0.36%
F 98.73%
G 0.04%
H 0.08%
maleic acid
110-16-7

maleic acid

A

tetrahydrofuran
109-99-9

tetrahydrofuran

B

4-butanolide
96-48-0

4-butanolide

C

Butane-1,4-diol
110-63-4

Butane-1,4-diol

D

4-hydroxybutanoic acid
591-81-1

4-hydroxybutanoic acid

E

succinic acid
110-15-6

succinic acid

F

acetic acid
64-19-7

acetic acid

G

butan-1-ol
71-36-3

butan-1-ol

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With hydrogen; 0.5percent Pd on Rutile TiO2 at 110℃; Product distribution / selectivity;A 0.77%
B 0.38%
C 0.24%
D 0.05%
E 98.28%
F 0.02%
G 0.26%
O-methyltetrahydrofuranium perchlorate

O-methyltetrahydrofuranium perchlorate

A

tetrahydrofuran
109-99-9

tetrahydrofuran

B

methanol
67-56-1

methanol

C

4-methoxybutanol
111-32-0

4-methoxybutanol

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With perchloric acid; sodium perchlorate; water at 25℃;A n/a
B n/a
C 98%
dimethyl cis-but-2-ene-1,4-dioate
624-48-6

dimethyl cis-but-2-ene-1,4-dioate

A

tetrahydrofuran
109-99-9

tetrahydrofuran

B

2-methoxytetrahydrofuran
13436-45-8

2-methoxytetrahydrofuran

C

4-butanolide
96-48-0

4-butanolide

D

propan-1-ol
71-23-8

propan-1-ol

E

2-(4'-hydroxybutoxy)-tetrahydrofuran
64001-06-5

2-(4'-hydroxybutoxy)-tetrahydrofuran

F

Butane-1,4-diol
110-63-4

Butane-1,4-diol

G

butan-1-ol
71-36-3

butan-1-ol

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With hydrogen; copper catalyst, T 4489, Sud-Chemie AG, Munich at 150 - 280℃; under 187519 Torr; Neat liquid(s) and gas(es)/vapour(s);A 1%
B n/a
C 0.4%
D n/a
E n/a
F 98%
G 0.5%
(naphthalene)Yb(THF)3

(naphthalene)Yb(THF)3

A

tetrahydrofuran
109-99-9

tetrahydrofuran

B

ytterbium hydroxide

ytterbium hydroxide

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With water In toluene byproducts: hydrogen, dihydronaphthalene; reaction time: 20 h; centrifuged, decanted, pptn. (Yb(OH)3) washed with toluene, soln. contains THF and C10H10 (82%)(detn. by GLC);A 112 %
B 98%
1,4-dichlorobutane
110-56-5

1,4-dichlorobutane

tetrahydrofuran
109-99-9

tetrahydrofuran

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With potassium hydroxide; sodium formate; Aliquat 336 at 105℃; for 0.25h;95%
borane tetrahydrofuran

borane tetrahydrofuran

triphenylphosphine
603-35-0

triphenylphosphine

A

tetrahydrofuran
109-99-9

tetrahydrofuran

B

triphenylphosphine borane

triphenylphosphine borane

Conditions
ConditionsYield
A n/a
B 94.2%
A n/a
B 94.2%
(C4H9)3SnO(CH2)4Br
41968-74-5

(C4H9)3SnO(CH2)4Br

A

tetrahydrofuran
109-99-9

tetrahydrofuran

B

tributyltin bromide
1461-23-0

tributyltin bromide

Conditions
ConditionsYield
decompn. at 80°C (0.5 h);A 93%
B n/a
decompn. at 80°C (0.5 h);A 93%
B n/a
maleic acid
110-16-7

maleic acid

A

tetrahydrofuran
109-99-9

tetrahydrofuran

B

4-butanolide
96-48-0

4-butanolide

C

Butane-1,4-diol
110-63-4

Butane-1,4-diol

D

4-hydroxybutanoic acid
591-81-1

4-hydroxybutanoic acid

E

malic acid
617-48-1

malic acid

F

succinic acid
110-15-6

succinic acid

G

acetic acid
64-19-7

acetic acid

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With hydrogen; 0.5percent Pd/2.0percent Re on Rutile TiO2 at 110℃; Product distribution / selectivity;A 1.27%
B 4.78%
C 1.55%
D 1.24%
E 0.48%
F 90.6%
G 0.08%
TbBr3(cyclopentadienyl)(THF)3

TbBr3(cyclopentadienyl)(THF)3

A

tetrahydrofuran
109-99-9

tetrahydrofuran

B

cyclopentadienylterbiumdibromide
523981-77-3

cyclopentadienylterbiumdibromide

Conditions
ConditionsYield
In neat (no solvent) warmed at 40°C under high vac. for 24 h; elem. anal.;A n/a
B 90%
succinic acid
110-15-6

succinic acid

A

tetrahydrofuran
109-99-9

tetrahydrofuran

B

4-butanolide
96-48-0

4-butanolide

C

Butane-1,4-diol
110-63-4

Butane-1,4-diol

D

butan-1-ol
71-36-3

butan-1-ol

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With hydrogen In 1,4-dioxane at 139.84℃; under 60006 Torr; for 96h; Catalytic behavior; Reagent/catalyst; Time; Temperature; Autoclave; Overall yield = 100 %;A 0.2%
B 3.1%
C 89%
D 7.6%
With hydrogen; 1.0percent Pd/ 3.0percent Re on Rutile TiO2 at 164 - 185℃; for 21 - 237h; Product distribution / selectivity;A 2.95%
B 0%
C 81.5%
D 3.35%
With hydrogen; 0percent Pd/5.0percent Re on Rutile TiO2 at 170 - 185℃; for 90 - 825h; Product distribution / selectivity;A 3.38%
B 0%
C 64.14%
D 2.86%
succinic acid
110-15-6

succinic acid

A

tetrahydrofuran
109-99-9

tetrahydrofuran

B

4-butanolide
96-48-0

4-butanolide

C

Butane-1,4-diol
110-63-4

Butane-1,4-diol

D

butyric acid
107-92-6

butyric acid

E

n-butane
106-97-8

n-butane

F

butan-1-ol
71-36-3

butan-1-ol

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With hydrogen In 1,4-dioxane at 139.84℃; under 60006 Torr; for 24h; Catalytic behavior; Reagent/catalyst; Time; Autoclave; Overall yield = > 99 %;A 0.2%
B 3.1%
C 89%
D n/a
E n/a
F 7.6%
maleic acid
110-16-7

maleic acid

A

tetrahydrofuran
109-99-9

tetrahydrofuran

B

4-butanolide
96-48-0

4-butanolide

C

Butane-1,4-diol
110-63-4

Butane-1,4-diol

D

malic acid
617-48-1

malic acid

E

succinic acid
110-15-6

succinic acid

F

acetic acid
64-19-7

acetic acid

G

butan-1-ol
71-36-3

butan-1-ol

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With hydrogen; 0.5percent Pd on Rutile TiO2 at 110℃; for 96 - 238h; Product distribution / selectivity;A 0.6%
B 0.04%
C 0.62%
D 0.19%
E 88.49%
F 0.12%
G 0.11%
Butane-1,4-diol
110-63-4

Butane-1,4-diol

A

tetrahydrofuran
109-99-9

tetrahydrofuran

B

homoalylic alcohol
627-27-0

homoalylic alcohol

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With hydrogen at 350℃; for 0.6h; Reagent/catalyst; Temperature; Flow reactor;A n/a
B 85.9%
With Mg and Yb-containing organic foam into the binaryoxides at 350℃; Reagent/catalyst; Temperature; Inert atmosphere;A n/a
B 71.1%
With Er2O3 nanoparticles CM-1000 at 350℃; for 5h;
at 350℃; Reagent/catalyst; Flow reactor; Inert atmosphere;
maleic acid
110-16-7

maleic acid

A

tetrahydrofuran
109-99-9

tetrahydrofuran

B

4-butanolide
96-48-0

4-butanolide

C

Butane-1,4-diol
110-63-4

Butane-1,4-diol

D

4-hydroxybutanoic acid
591-81-1

4-hydroxybutanoic acid

E

malic acid
617-48-1

malic acid

F

succinic acid
110-15-6

succinic acid

G

terephthalic acid
100-21-0

terephthalic acid

H

acetic acid
64-19-7

acetic acid

I

propionic acid
802294-64-0

propionic acid

J

(2E)-but-2-enedioic acid
110-17-8

(2E)-but-2-enedioic acid

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With hydrogen; 0.5percent Pd/0.2percent Re on Rutile TiO2 at 110℃; for 170 - 1009h; Product distribution / selectivity;A 0.86%
B 4.34%
C 0.28%
D 1.24%
E 0%
F 85.51%
G 0%
H 0.04%
I 0%
J 0%
1,4-dimethyl but-2-enedioate
23055-10-9

1,4-dimethyl but-2-enedioate

A

tetrahydrofuran
109-99-9

tetrahydrofuran

B

4-butanolide
96-48-0

4-butanolide

C

Butane-1,4-diol
110-63-4

Butane-1,4-diol

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With palladium on activated charcoal; hydrogen In water at 130 - 182℃; under 52505.3 Torr;A 6.34%
B 5.33%
C 83.96%
2-furanoic acid
88-14-2

2-furanoic acid

acetic acid
64-19-7

acetic acid

A

tetrahydrofuran
109-99-9

tetrahydrofuran

B

butane-1,4-diol diacetate
628-67-1

butane-1,4-diol diacetate

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With palladium on activated charcoal; hydrogen; lanthanum(lll) triflate at 180℃; under 15001.5 Torr; for 5h; Autoclave;A 6%
B 83%
4-butanolide
96-48-0

4-butanolide

A

tetrahydrofuran
109-99-9

tetrahydrofuran

B

propan-1-ol
71-23-8

propan-1-ol

C

Butane-1,4-diol
110-63-4

Butane-1,4-diol

D

butyric acid
107-92-6

butyric acid

E

butan-1-ol
71-36-3

butan-1-ol

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With hydrogen; 5% platinum on alumina at 250℃; under 152000 Torr; Product distribution; var. catalysts;A 82.3%
B 1%
C 4.8%
D 1.2%
E 1%
decamethylsamarocene(II) bis(tetrahydrofurane)
79372-14-8

decamethylsamarocene(II) bis(tetrahydrofurane)

trimethylaluminum
75-24-1

trimethylaluminum

A

tetrahydrofuran
109-99-9

tetrahydrofuran

B

(C5Me5)2Sm{(μ-Me)AlMe2(μ-Me)}2Sm(C5Me5)2
115756-72-4

(C5Me5)2Sm{(μ-Me)AlMe2(μ-Me)}2Sm(C5Me5)2

C

aluminium
7429-90-5

aluminium

Conditions
ConditionsYield
In toluene byproducts: methane; all manipulations conducted under nitrogen excluding air and water; after 24 h standing of the reaction mixt. the formed metallic-like ppt. was removed by filtration and washed with hot toluene, filtrates combined, solvent removed by rotary evapn.;; recrystn. (hot toluene), elem. anal.;;A n/a
B 80%
C n/a
dimethyl cis-but-2-ene-1,4-dioate
624-48-6

dimethyl cis-but-2-ene-1,4-dioate

A

tetrahydrofuran
109-99-9

tetrahydrofuran

B

2-methoxytetrahydrofuran
13436-45-8

2-methoxytetrahydrofuran

C

4-butanolide
96-48-0

4-butanolide

D

propan-1-ol
71-23-8

propan-1-ol

E

1-methoxy-1,4-butanediol

1-methoxy-1,4-butanediol

F

2-(4'-hydroxybutoxy)-tetrahydrofuran
64001-06-5

2-(4'-hydroxybutoxy)-tetrahydrofuran

G

4-hydroxy-butanoic acid 4-hydroxybutyl ester

4-hydroxy-butanoic acid 4-hydroxybutyl ester

H

Butane-1,4-diol
110-63-4

Butane-1,4-diol

I

4-hydroxybutyraldehyde
25714-71-0

4-hydroxybutyraldehyde

J

methyl 4-hydroxybutanoate
925-57-5

methyl 4-hydroxybutanoate

K

butan-1-ol
71-36-3

butan-1-ol

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With hydrogen at 190℃; under 46504.7 Torr; Gas phase;A 5.3%
B n/a
C 10.4%
D n/a
E n/a
F n/a
G n/a
H 79.1%
I n/a
J n/a
K n/a
furan
110-00-9

furan

methanol
67-56-1

methanol

A

tetrahydrofuran
109-99-9

tetrahydrofuran

B

1,4-dimethoxybutane
13179-96-9

1,4-dimethoxybutane

C

Methyl formate
107-31-3

Methyl formate

D

Methyl 4-methoxybutyrate
29006-01-7

Methyl 4-methoxybutyrate

E

butan-1-ol
71-36-3

butan-1-ol

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With palladium on activated charcoal; hydrogen at 170℃; under 52505.3 Torr; for 2h; Autoclave;A 77.2%
B n/a
C n/a
D n/a
E n/a
1,4-dimethyl but-2-enedioate
23055-10-9

1,4-dimethyl but-2-enedioate

A

tetrahydrofuran
109-99-9

tetrahydrofuran

B

Butane-1,4-diol
110-63-4

Butane-1,4-diol

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With palladium on activated charcoal; hydrogen at 130 - 182℃; under 52505.3 Torr;A 13.09%
B 77%
(C4H9)3SnO(CH2)4Cl
41968-75-6

(C4H9)3SnO(CH2)4Cl

A

tetrahydrofuran
109-99-9

tetrahydrofuran

B

tributyltin chloride
1461-22-9

tributyltin chloride

Conditions
ConditionsYield
decompn. at 140°C, <760 Torr;A 75%
B n/a
Butane-1,4-diol
110-63-4

Butane-1,4-diol

carbonic acid dimethyl ester
616-38-6

carbonic acid dimethyl ester

A

tetrahydrofuran
109-99-9

tetrahydrofuran

B

butane-1,4-diyl dimethyl dicarbonate
140947-75-7

butane-1,4-diyl dimethyl dicarbonate

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With sodium methylate Reflux; Inert atmosphere;A 12 %Chromat.
B 75%
tetrahydrofuran
109-99-9

tetrahydrofuran

4-Bromo-1-butanol
33036-62-3

4-Bromo-1-butanol

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With dimethylboron bromide; triethylamine In dichloromethane at 0℃; for 2h;100%
With sulfuric acid; hydrogen bromide90%
With tetrabutylammomium bromide; hydrogen bromide In water for 0.0833333h; Microwave irradiation;81%
tetrahydrofuran
109-99-9

tetrahydrofuran

triethylsilane
617-86-7

triethylsilane

n-butoxytriethylsilane
2751-87-3

n-butoxytriethylsilane

Conditions
ConditionsYield
nickel at 100℃; for 1h;100%
With [(POCOP)Ir(H)(acetone)]+[B(C6F5)4]- In dichloromethane-d2 at 22℃; for 3h;100 %Spectr.
tetrahydrofuran
109-99-9

tetrahydrofuran

Tris(phenylseleno)borane
29680-62-4

Tris(phenylseleno)borane

δ-Phenylselenenylbutanol
117901-60-7

δ-Phenylselenenylbutanol

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With zinc(II) iodide In dichloromethane for 72h; Product distribution; other cyclic ethers; other Lewis acids;100%
With zinc(II) iodide In dichloromethane for 72h;100%
tetrahydrofuran
109-99-9

tetrahydrofuran

trityl chloride
76-83-5

trityl chloride

(C6H5)3CCaCl*2C4H8O
13889-83-3, 13973-77-8

(C6H5)3CCaCl*2C4H8O

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With calcium for 0.5h;100%
tetrahydrofuran
109-99-9

tetrahydrofuran

benzoyl chloride
98-88-4

benzoyl chloride

4-iodobutylbenzoate
19097-44-0

4-iodobutylbenzoate

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With bis(iodozinc)methane at 25℃; for 2h; Substitution;100%
With bis(iodozinc)methane; lead(II) chloride at 25℃; for 2h;99%
With sodium iodide In acetonitrile at 0 - 23℃; for 24h;99.3%
tetrahydrofuran
109-99-9

tetrahydrofuran

tert-butyldimethylsilyl chloride
18162-48-6

tert-butyldimethylsilyl chloride

1-{[dimethyl(1,1-dimethylethyl)silyl]oxy}-4-iodobutane
92511-12-1

1-{[dimethyl(1,1-dimethylethyl)silyl]oxy}-4-iodobutane

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With sodium iodide In acetonitrile at 55℃; for 16h; Inert atmosphere;100%
With sodium iodide In tetrahydrofuran; acetonitrile at 55℃; for 18h; Inert atmosphere;100%
With sodium iodide In acetonitrile at 20℃; Inert atmosphere; Darkness;93%
tetrahydrofuran
109-99-9

tetrahydrofuran

trifluoroacetyl triflate
68602-57-3

trifluoroacetyl triflate

Trifluoro-acetic acid 4-trifluoromethanesulfonyloxy-butyl ester
109244-09-9

Trifluoro-acetic acid 4-trifluoromethanesulfonyloxy-butyl ester

Conditions
ConditionsYield
at 0℃;100%
tetrahydrofuran
109-99-9

tetrahydrofuran

2-furancarbonyl chloride
527-69-5

2-furancarbonyl chloride

furan-2-carboxylic acid 4-iodo-butyl ester

furan-2-carboxylic acid 4-iodo-butyl ester

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With bis(iodozinc)methane at 25℃; Substitution;100%
tetrahydrofuran
109-99-9

tetrahydrofuran

2-Thiophenecarbonyl chloride
5271-67-0

2-Thiophenecarbonyl chloride

thiophene-2-carboxylic acid 4-iodo-butyl ester

thiophene-2-carboxylic acid 4-iodo-butyl ester

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With bis(iodozinc)methane at 25℃; Substitution;100%
tetrahydrofuran
109-99-9

tetrahydrofuran

trans-chrotonyl chloride
625-35-4, 3488-22-0, 10487-71-5

trans-chrotonyl chloride

(E)-But-2-enoic acid 4-iodo-butyl ester

(E)-But-2-enoic acid 4-iodo-butyl ester

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With bis(iodozinc)methane at 25℃; Substitution;100%
tetrahydrofuran
109-99-9

tetrahydrofuran

Cinnamoyl chloride
102-92-1

Cinnamoyl chloride

(E)-3-Phenyl-acrylic acid 4-iodo-butyl ester
143903-00-8

(E)-3-Phenyl-acrylic acid 4-iodo-butyl ester

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With bis(iodozinc)methane at 25℃; Substitution;100%
tetrahydrofuran
109-99-9

tetrahydrofuran

2-naphthaloyl chloride
2243-83-6

2-naphthaloyl chloride

naphthalene-2-carboxylic acid 4-iodo-butyl ester

naphthalene-2-carboxylic acid 4-iodo-butyl ester

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With bis(iodozinc)methane at 25℃; Substitution;100%
tetrahydrofuran
109-99-9

tetrahydrofuran

2,2,4,4,9,9,11,11,13,13,15,15,17,17,21,21-hexadecamethyl-2,4,9,11,13,15,17,21-octasilahexacyclo[10.5.3.15,8.06,18.07,20.014,19]henicosa-1(18),5,7,12(20),14(19)-pentaene
217965-97-4

2,2,4,4,9,9,11,11,13,13,15,15,17,17,21,21-hexadecamethyl-2,4,9,11,13,15,17,21-octasilahexacyclo[10.5.3.15,8.06,18.07,20.014,19]henicosa-1(18),5,7,12(20),14(19)-pentaene

C29H54Si8(4-)*4C4H8O*4Li(1+)

C29H54Si8(4-)*4C4H8O*4Li(1+)

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With lithium at 20℃; for 1h; Reduction;100%
tetrahydrofuran
109-99-9

tetrahydrofuran

trichloro(4,5-dihydrofuran-3-yl)phosphonium hexachlorophosphate
87653-00-7

trichloro(4,5-dihydrofuran-3-yl)phosphonium hexachlorophosphate

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With phosphorus pentachloride In benzene at 10 - 20℃; for 2h; Substitution;100%
With phosphorus pentachloride In benzene at 10 - 20℃; for 2h; Inert atmosphere;100%
tetrahydrofuran
109-99-9

tetrahydrofuran

N,N'-bis-(tert-butyl-dimethyl-silanyl)-naphthalene-1,8-diamine

N,N'-bis-(tert-butyl-dimethyl-silanyl)-naphthalene-1,8-diamine

C22H36N2Si2(2-)*2C4H8O*2Li(1+)

C22H36N2Si2(2-)*2C4H8O*2Li(1+)

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With n-butyllithium In tetrahydrofuran; hexane100%
tetrahydrofuran
109-99-9

tetrahydrofuran

dichloro(mesityl)phosphane
6781-96-0

dichloro(mesityl)phosphane

C14H20BrMgP*C4H10O

C14H20BrMgP*C4H10O

C23H31P2(1-)*3C4H8O*Li(1+)

C23H31P2(1-)*3C4H8O*Li(1+)

Conditions
ConditionsYield
Stage #1: dichloro(mesityl)phosphane; C14H20BrMgP*C4H10O at -78℃;
Stage #2: tetrahydrofuran With lithium for 1h; sonication;
100%
tetrahydrofuran
109-99-9

tetrahydrofuran

N,N,N,N,-tetramethylethylenediamine
110-18-9

N,N,N,N,-tetramethylethylenediamine

diphenylphosphane
829-85-6

diphenylphosphane

4C12H10PTe2(1-)*C6H16N2*14C4H8O*4Li(1+)

4C12H10PTe2(1-)*C6H16N2*14C4H8O*4Li(1+)

Conditions
ConditionsYield
Stage #1: tetrahydrofuran; N,N,N,N,-tetramethylethylenediamine; diphenylphosphane With n-butyllithium In tetrahydrofuran; hexane
Stage #2: With tellurium In tetrahydrofuran; hexane at -78 - 20℃;
100%
C32H52N6Si3
880254-98-8

C32H52N6Si3

tetrahydrofuran
109-99-9

tetrahydrofuran

C32H49N6Si3(3-)*3C4H8O*3Na(1+)

C32H49N6Si3(3-)*3C4H8O*3Na(1+)

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With sodium hydride at 60℃; for 12h;100%
(NH(o-C6H4F)SiMe2)3tacn

(NH(o-C6H4F)SiMe2)3tacn

tetrahydrofuran
109-99-9

tetrahydrofuran

C30H42F3N6Si3(3-)*3C4H8O*3Na(1+)

C30H42F3N6Si3(3-)*3C4H8O*3Na(1+)

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With sodium hydride at 60℃; for 12h;100%
tetrahydrofuran
109-99-9

tetrahydrofuran

1-(bromomethyl)-4-vinylbenzene
13368-25-7

1-(bromomethyl)-4-vinylbenzene

4-vinylbenzyl-polytetrahydrofuran, with hydroxyl end group, polymerization degree 7.1 by 1H NMR, polydispersity 1.1; monomer(s): 4-vinylbenzyl bromide; tetrahydrofuran

4-vinylbenzyl-polytetrahydrofuran, with hydroxyl end group, polymerization degree 7.1 by 1H NMR, polydispersity 1.1; monomer(s): 4-vinylbenzyl bromide; tetrahydrofuran

Conditions
ConditionsYield
Stage #1: tetrahydrofuran; 1-(bromomethyl)-4-vinylbenzene With silver(I) hexafluorophosphate at -10℃; for 0.133333h;
Stage #2: With sodium hydroxide In water
100%
tetrahydrofuran
109-99-9

tetrahydrofuran

dibenzo-18-crown-6
14187-32-7

dibenzo-18-crown-6

(borohydrido)(dibenzo-18-crown-6)(tetrahydrofuran)potassium

(borohydrido)(dibenzo-18-crown-6)(tetrahydrofuran)potassium

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With potassium borohydride for 528h; Heating;100%
tetrahydrofuran
109-99-9

tetrahydrofuran

bis(α-trifluoromethyl-β,β-difluorovinyl) terephthalate
213380-73-5

bis(α-trifluoromethyl-β,β-difluorovinyl) terephthalate

bis[1-(2-tetrahydrofuranyl)-1,1,3,3,3-pentafluoroisopropyl] terephthalate

bis[1-(2-tetrahydrofuranyl)-1,1,3,3,3-pentafluoroisopropyl] terephthalate

Conditions
ConditionsYield
at 0℃; Irradiation;100%
at 0℃; Kinetics; Irradiation;
tetrahydrofuran
109-99-9

tetrahydrofuran

phenyl-N-[2-(phenylcarbonyl)-4-(phenylmethoxy)phenyl]carboxamide

phenyl-N-[2-(phenylcarbonyl)-4-(phenylmethoxy)phenyl]carboxamide

sodium hydroxide (NaOH)

sodium hydroxide (NaOH)

(2-amino-5-(benzyloxy)phenyl)(phenyl)methanone
395099-09-9

(2-amino-5-(benzyloxy)phenyl)(phenyl)methanone

Conditions
ConditionsYield
In methanol; water100%
In methanol; water100%
In methanol; water100%
tetrahydrofuran
109-99-9

tetrahydrofuran

2-bromo-5-oxo-2,5-dihydrofuran
40125-53-9

2-bromo-5-oxo-2,5-dihydrofuran

5-(4-bromobutoxy)furan-2(5H)-one
1030603-64-5

5-(4-bromobutoxy)furan-2(5H)-one

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With zinc dibromide In dichloromethane for 4h; Heating;100%
tetrahydrofuran
109-99-9

tetrahydrofuran

phenylimido tungsten tetrachloride
78409-02-6

phenylimido tungsten tetrachloride

[W(NPh)Cl4(tetrahydrofuran)]

[W(NPh)Cl4(tetrahydrofuran)]

Conditions
ConditionsYield
In tetrahydrofuran W compd. dissolve in THF, stirred for 15 min, under anaerobic anhydrousconditions; elem. anal.;100%
tetrahydrofuran
109-99-9

tetrahydrofuran

Zr(C6H5NCH2CH2CH2NC6H5)2
299410-39-2

Zr(C6H5NCH2CH2CH2NC6H5)2

zirconium(IV) chloride
10026-11-6

zirconium(IV) chloride

Zr(PhN(CH2)3NPh)Cl2(THF)2
299410-33-6

Zr(PhN(CH2)3NPh)Cl2(THF)2

Conditions
ConditionsYield
In diethyl ether byproducts: LiCl; N2 atm.; THF and diethyl ether were added by vac. transfer at -78°C to the mixt. of complex and ZrCl4, the mixt. was warmed to 0°Cin an ice bath, stirred overnight, allowed to warm to room temp.; volatiles were removed under vac. at 23°C; elem. anal.;100%
tetrahydrofuran
109-99-9

tetrahydrofuran

dicarbonyl[tris(pyrazol-1-yl)methanesulfonato]rhodium(I)
354112-52-0

dicarbonyl[tris(pyrazol-1-yl)methanesulfonato]rhodium(I)

triphenylphosphine
603-35-0

triphenylphosphine

[carbonyl(triphenylphosphane)[tris(pyrazol-1-yl)methanesulfonato]rhodium(I)]4*(tetrahydrofuran)3

[carbonyl(triphenylphosphane)[tris(pyrazol-1-yl)methanesulfonato]rhodium(I)]4*(tetrahydrofuran)3

Conditions
ConditionsYield
In tetrahydrofuran all manipulations under N2; P compd. added to soln. of complex in THF; after 1 h soln. concd., soln. overlaid with pentane, elem. anal.;100%
tetrahydrofuran
109-99-9

tetrahydrofuran

(Sm(OC15H23)2(O(C2H5)2))2(OC13H8)2
168979-95-1

(Sm(OC15H23)2(O(C2H5)2))2(OC13H8)2

Sm(OC15H23)2(C4H8O)2(OC13H8)

Sm(OC15H23)2(C4H8O)2(OC13H8)

Conditions
ConditionsYield
In tetrahydrofuran (Ar); quantitative conversion;100%
tetrahydrofuran
109-99-9

tetrahydrofuran

dimethylgallium tetrahydroborate

dimethylgallium tetrahydroborate

(CH3)2GaBH4C4H8O
326903-60-0

(CH3)2GaBH4C4H8O

Conditions
ConditionsYield
In tetrahydrofuran (high vac. line); condensing gallium complex in an ampoule with THF, warming to room temp. over a period of 30 min; fractionation, collection in a trap at -20°C;100%

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