1,3-Dichloroacetone is employed in the synthesis of citric acid. Additionally, it is used as an intermediate and a solvent in organic synthesis. Furthermore, 1,3-Dichloroacetone is utilized as an acceptor substrate in the cross-aldol reaction with donor substrates such as clyclohexanone, cyclopentanone, and acetone. 1,3-Dichloroacetone is also employed in the preparation of famotidine which is an active pharmaceutical ingredient.
When heated to decomposition, 1,3-Dichloroacetone emits highly toxic fumes of chlorides. 1,3-Dichloroacetone may burn but does not ignite readily. Container may explode in heat of fire.
1,3-Dichloroacetone is a chemical substance with the molecular formula C3H4Cl2O. TLC has discovered that it is a metabolite of 1,3-dichloropropanol. The crystalline solid is denser than water and is not water-soluble.
Air & Water Reactions
Insoluble in water.
White or colorless crystals
A crystalline solid. Denser than water and insoluble in water. Inhalation of dust or powder may cause adverse health reactions.
When exposed or inhaled, 1,3-Dichloroacetone can result in damage or irritation to eyes, lungs, throat, kidney, and kidneys. It can also lead to fainting and headaches. The substance has been classified as extremely hazardous in America.
1,3-Dichloroacetone may be fatal if inhaled, swallowed or absorbed through skin. Contact may cause burns to skin and eyes. Fire may produce irritating or poisonous gases. Runoff from fire control water may give off poisonous gases. Runoff from fire control or dilution water may cause pollution.
A halogenated ketone. Ketones are reactive with many acids and bases liberating heat and flammable gases (e.g., H2). The amount of heat may be sufficient to start a fire in the unreacted portion of the ketone. Ketones react with reducing agents such as hydrides, alkali metals, and nitrides to produce flammable gas (H2) and heat. Ketones are incompatible with isocyanates, aldehydes, cyanides, peroxides, and anhydrides. They react violently with aldehydes, HNO3, HNO3 + H2O2, and HClO4.
Crystallise it from CCl4, CHCl3 or *benzene and/or distil under vacuum [Conant & Quayle Org Synth Coll Vol I 211 1941, Hall & Sirel J Am Chem Soc 74 836 1952]. It is dimorphic [Daasch & Kagarise J Am Chem Soc 77 6156 1955]. The oxime has m 130-131o, b 106o/25mm [Arzneimittel-Forsch 8 638 1958]. [Beilstein 1 IV 3219.]