INHALATION, INGESTION, OR SKIN ABSORPTION: Headache, vertigo and vomiting followed by exhaustion, numbness of the legs, staggering and collapse. Intense methemoglobinenia may lead to asphyxia severe enough to injure the CNS. EYES: Irritation. SKIN: Stains skin yellow.
1,2-Dinitrobenzene was used as internal standard for analysis of the explosives, TNT, RDX, and tetryl in sea water by vapor phase chromatography with the nickel-63 electron capture detector.
light yellow-brown powder
Air & Water Reactions
Slowly mixes with water.
Crystallise it from EtOH. [Beilstein 5 IV 738.]
All three isomers have similar properties and may react vigorously with oxidizing materials. Their reaction with nitric acid (nitration) will lead to a mixture of trinitrobenzenes possessing high-explosive properties [Urbanski, 1967, vol. 3, p. 290]. If heat and reaction conditions of the nitration are not controlled, detonation comparable to TNT may occur [Anon., J. R. Inst. Chem., 1960, 84, p. 451]. Mixture of 1,3-dinitrobenzene with tetranitromethane was found highly explosive [Urbanski, 1964, vol. 1, 592]. 1,2-dinitrobenzene is a severe explosion hazard when shocked or exposed to heat or flame. When heated to decomposition all dinitrobenzens emit toxic fumes of nitrogen oxides [Sax, 9th ed., 1996, p. 1374].
Colorless to yellow solid. Sinks and slowly mixes with water.