Isobutyraldehyde can react vigorously with reducing agents, with oxidizing agents, strong bases and mineral acids. Can undergo exothermic self-condensation or polymerization reactions that are often catalyzed by acid. Generates flammable and/or toxic gases in combination with azo, diazo compounds, dithiocarbamates, nitrides, and strong reducing agents. Reacts slowly when exposed to air with air to give peroxides and other products. These reactions are activated by light, catalyzed by salts of transition metals, and are autocatalytic (catalyzed by their products). The addition of stabilizers (antioxidants) retards autoxidation.
A clear colorless liquid with a pungent odor. Flash point of -40°F. Less dense than water and insoluble in water. Hence floats on water. Vapors are heavier than air. Used to make other chemicals.
Air & Water Reactions
Highly flammable. Oxidizes slowly on exposure to air. Stable (less than 10% decomposition) for four hours when exposed to light and air in a closed system. Stable for two weeks when stored under nitrogen at temperatures up to 77°F. Insoluble in water.
colourless liquid with an extremely unpleasant smell
Dry isobutyraldehyde with CaSO4 and use it immediately after distillation under nitrogen because of the great difficulty in preventing oxidation. It can be purified through its acid bisulfite derivative. [Beilstein 1 IV 3262.]
Isobutyraldehyde, also known as 2-Methylpropanal, is an organic compound belonging to the family of aldehydes, which can be found in alcoholic beverages, tea, breads, cooked pork, spearmint oil as well as fresh fruits, such as apple, banana, cherry, etc. It is manufactured by the hydroformylation of propene, usually obtained as a side-product. It can be applied as a source for producing other chemicals, including isobutyl alcohol, neopentyl glycol as well as isobutanoic acid production and used to produce amino acids such as valine and leucine. Besides, isobutyraldehyde commonly serves as an intermediate in the field of chemical industry for manufacture of pharmaceuticals (such as Vitamin B5), crop protection products, pesticides, synthetic resins, antioxidants, vulcanisation accelerators, textile auxiliaries, perfumery and flavors.
Behavior in Fire: Vapors are heavier than air and may travel considerable distance to a source of ignition and flash back. Fires are difficult to control due to ease of reignition.
Vapor is irritating to the eyes and mucous membranes.
In the synthesis of pantothenic acid, valine, leucine, cellulose esters, perfumes, flavors, plasticizers, resins, gasoline additives.
ChEBI: A member of the class of propanals that is propanal substituted by a methyl group at position 2.