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High quality Mono Chloro Benzene supplier in China
Cas No: 108-90-7
No Data No Data Metric Ton/Day Simagchem Corporation Contact Supplier
Chlorobenzene 108-90-7
Cas No: 108-90-7
No Data 1 Kilogram 3000 Metric Ton/Year Hefei TNJ chemical industry co.,ltd Contact Supplier
Factory Supply Chlorobenzene
Cas No: 108-90-7
No Data 1 1 Ality Chemical Corporation Contact Supplier
Amadis Chemical offer CAS#108-90-7;CAT#A801940
Cas No: 108-90-7
No Data 10 Milligram Amadis Chemical Co., Ltd. Contact Supplier
Chlorobenzene
Cas No: 108-90-7
USD $ 3.0-3.0 / Kilogram 1 Kilogram 1-100 Metric Ton/Month Dayang Chem (Hangzhou) Co.,Ltd. Contact Supplier
Chlorobenzene CAS:108-90-7
Cas No: 108-90-7
USD $ 1.0-2.0 / Metric Ton 5 Metric Ton 3000 Metric Ton/Year Henan Sinotech Import&Export Corporation Contact Supplier
108-90-7 Chlorobenzene
Cas No: 108-90-7
USD $ 1000.0-1000.0 / Kilogram 1 Kilogram 1 Metric Ton/Day Henan Tianfu Chemical Co., Ltd. Contact Supplier
Chlorobenzene
Cas No: 108-90-7
USD $ 12.0-12.0 / Metric Ton 1 Metric Ton 100 Metric Ton/Year Jinan Finer Chemical Co., Ltd Contact Supplier
Chlorobenzene CAS NO.108-90-7.108-90-7
Cas No: 108-90-7
No Data 10 Gram 500 Kilogram/Month Changchun Artel lmport and Export trade company Contact Supplier
Monad--High Quality Benzene,chloro-CAS 108-90-7
Cas No: 108-90-7
USD $ 9.0-9.9 / Kilogram 1 Kilogram 50000 Metric Ton/Day Wuhan Monad Medicine Tech Co.,LTD Contact Supplier

108-90-7 Usage

Waste Disposal

Incineration, preferably after mixing with another combustible fuel; care must be exercised to assure complete combustion to prevent the formation of phosgene; an acid scrubber is necessary to remove the halo acids produced.

Shipping

UN1134 Chlorobenzene, Hazard Class: 3; Labels: 3-Flammable liquid.

Safety Profile

Suspected carcinogen. Moderately toxic by ingestion and intraperitoneal routes. Experimental teratogenic and reproductive effects. Mutation data reported. Strong narcotic with slight irritant qualities. Dichlorobenzols are strongly narcotic. Little is known of the effects of repeated exposures at lower concentrations, but it may cause hdney and liver damage. The industrial illnesses reported may possibly be due to nitrobenzol. Dangerous fire hazard when exposed to heat or flame. Moderate explosion hazard when exposed to heat or flame. Potentially explosive reaction with powdered sodium or phosphorus trichloride + sodtum. Violent reaction with AgClO4. Reacts vigorously with oxidizers. See also CHLORINATED HYDROCARBONS, AROMATIC. To fight fire, use foam, CO2, dry chemical, water to blanket fire. Associated with EPA Superfund sites

Fire Hazard

Flammable liquid; flash point (closed cup) 29°C (84°F); vapor pressure 8.8 torr at 20°C (68°F); autoignition temperature 638°C (1180°F).Chlorobenzene vapors form explosive mixtures with air within the range 1.3-7.1% by volume in air. Dimethyl sulfoxide decom poses violently in contact with chloroben zene (NFPA 1997). Many metal perchlorates, such as those of silver and mercury, may form shock-sensitive solvated perchlorates that may explode on impact.

Description

Chlorobenzene is a monocyclic aromatic compound with one hydrogen atom on the benzene ring substituted with one chlorine. It is produced by chlorination of benzene in the liquid phase with a catalyst. Chlorobenzene is a colourless, flammable liquid with a sweet almond-like odor, at ambient temperature with a relatively high vapour pressure, moderate octanol-water partition coefficient (log 2.8) and moderate to low water solubility (497.9 mg/L @ 25℃). Chlorobenzene has a high solubility in nonpolar solvents, however, it is almost insoluble in water. Technical grade Chlorobenzene is typically 99% pure with < 0.05% benzene and < 0.1% dichlorobenzenes as contaminants. It is a common solvent and a widely used intermediate in the manufacture of other chemicals. Rhodococcus phenolicus is a bacterium species able to degrade chlorobenzene as sole carbon sources.

Definition

ChEBI: The simplest member of the class of monochlorobenzenes, that is benzene in which a single hydrogen has been substituted by a chlorine.

Environmental fate

Biological. In activated sludge, 31.5% of the applied chlorobenzene mineralized to carbon dioxide after 5 d (Freitag et al., 1985). A mixed culture of soil bacteria or a Pseudomonas sp. transformed chlorobenzene to chlorophenol (Ballschiter and Scholz, 1980). Pure microbial cultures isolated from soil hydroxylated chlorobenzene to 2- and 4-chlorophenol (Smith and Rosazza, 1974). Chlorobenzene was statically incubated in the dark at 25 °C with yeast extract and settled domestic wastewater inoculum. At a concentration of 5 mg/L, biodegradation yields at the end of 1 and 2 wk were 89 and 100%, respectively. At a concentration of 10 mg/L, significant

Chemical Properties

colourless liquid, Chlorination of benzene in the presence of a catalyst (FeCl3 or AICI3) yields chlorobenzene as the first product. Substitution with a second CI yields ortho, para, or meta dichlorobenzene, Eventually all the hydrogens can be substituted to give hexachlorobenzene, C6C16. In the presence ofultraviolet light, the chlorinationofbenzene yields benzene hexachloride, C6H6C~, a derivative ofcyclohexane.

Physical properties

Clear, colorless, flammable liquid with a sweet almond, medicinal or mothball-like odor. An odor threshold concentration of 210 ppbv was reported by Leonardos et al. (1969). At 40 °C, the lowest concentration at which an odor was detected was 190 μg/L. At 25 °C, the lowest concentration at which a taste was detected was 190 μg/L (Young et al., 1996). The average least detectable odor threshold concentration in water at 60 °C was 0.08 mg/L (Alexander et al., 1982). Cometto-Mu?iz and Cain (1994) reported an average nasal pungency threshold concentration of 10,553 ppmv.

Hazard

A possible carcinogen. Avoid inhalation and skin contact. Moderate fire risk. Explosive limits 1.8–9.6%.

Synthesis Reference(s)

Journal of the American Chemical Society, 74, p. 6297, 1952 DOI: 10.1021/ja01144a523Tetrahedron Letters, 23, p. 371, 1982 DOI: 10.1016/S0040-4039(00)86833-1

Uses

Monochlorobenzene is used commercially as a solvent and to produce phenol and nitrochlorobenzenes.

Chemical Properties

Chlorobenzene, also called monochlorobenzene, is a monocyclic aromatic compound. It is a colorless liquid with an aromatic almond-like odor and is manufactured for use as a solvent, is used in the production of other chemicals (pesticides), and in making certain other chemicals, rubber, dyes and grease solvents. It is used as a feedstock to produce ortho- and para- nitrochlorobenzenes and aniline; as a solvent for paints; and as a heat transfer medium. In the past,Chlorobenzene was used as an intermediate in phenol and DDT production. Chlorobenzene enters the environment from industrial and municipal discharges. Another potential source is the formation and emission of Chlorobenzene as a product of incomplete combustion in waste incinerators. Chlorobenzene is moderately soluble in water; up to 1,000 milligrams will mix with a liter of water. Chlorobenzene is slightly persistent in water, with a half-life of between 2 to 20 days. Chlorobenzene persists in soil (several months), in air (3.5 days), and water (less than 1 day). When heated to decomposition this compound emits toxic fumes of hydrogen chloride gas, CO and CO2. Common synonyms are Monochlorobenzene, Benzene Chloride, and Chlorobenzol. It is incompatible with strong oxidizing agents and dimethyl sulfoxide. Chlorobenzene (also best known as monochlorobenzene or MCB) is a flammable liquid. Companies also use MCB to make adhesives, paints, paint removers, polishes, dyes, and drugs. In the past companies have used MCB to make phenol and related chemicals, pesticides (like DDT), and aniline. Chlorobenzene can evaporate when exposed to air. It dissolves slightly when mixed with water. Effects of chlorobenzene on human health and the environment depend on how much chlorobenzene is present and the length and frequency of exposure. Effects also depend on the health of a person or the condition of the environment when exposure occurs.

Carcinogenicity

Chlorobenzene was not mutagenic in a variety of bacterial and yeast assays. Existing data suggest that genotoxicity may not be an area of concern for chlorobenzene exposure in humans.

Reactivity Profile

Chlorobenzene undergoes a sometimes explosive reaction with powdered sodium or phosphorus trichloride + sodium. May react violently with dimethyl sulfoxide. Reacts vigorously with oxidizing agents. Attacks some forms of plastic, rubber and coatings. Forms a shock sensitive solvated salt with silver perchlorate. .

General Description

A colorless to clear, yellowish liquid with a sweet almond-like odor. Flash point 84°F. Practically insoluble in water and somewhat denser than water (9.2 lb / gal). Vapors heavier than air. Used to make pesticides, dyes, and other chemicals.

Air & Water Reactions

Highly flammable. Insoluble in water.

Health Hazard

Irritating to skin, eyes and mucous membranes. Repeated exposure of skin may cause dermatitis due to defatting action. Chronic inhalation of vapors or mist may result in damage to lungs, liver, and kidneys. Acute vapor exposures can cause symptoms ranging from coughing to transient anesthesia and central nervous system depression. Limited information is available on the acute (short-term) effects of chlorobenzene. Acute inhalation exposure of animals to chlorobenzene produced narcosis, restlessness, tremors, and muscle spasms. Chronic (long-term) exposure of humans to chlorobenzene affects the central nervous system (CNS). Signs of neurotoxicity in humans include numbness, cyanosis, hyperesthesia (increased sensation), and muscle spasms. No information is available on the carcinogenic effects of chlorobenzene in humans. EPA has classified chlorobenzene as a Group D, not classifiable as to human carcinogenicity.

Purification Methods

The main impurities are likely to be chlorinated impurities originally present in the *benzene used in the synthesis of chlorobenzene, and also unchlorinated hydrocarbons. A common purification procedure is to wash it several times with conc H2SO4 then with aqueous NaHCO3 or Na2CO3, and water, followed by drying with CaCl2, K2CO3 or CaSO4, then with P2O5, and distilling. It can also be dried with Linde 4A molecular sieve. Passage through, and storage over, activated alumina has been used to obtain low conductance material. [Flaherty & Stern J Am Chem Soc 80 1034 1958, Beilstein 5 H 199, 5 IV 640.]

Definition

A colorless liquid made by the catalytic reaction of chlorine with benzene. It can be converted to phenol by reaction with sodium hydroxide under extreme conditions (300°C and 200 atmospheres pressure). It is also used in the manufacture of other organic compounds.

Uses

Chlorobenzene is used primarily as raw material for the synthesis of o- and p-nitrochlorobenzene and 2,4-dinitrochlorobenzene.Important quantitative chemical conversions other than the production of nitrochlorobenzenes are the production of diphenyl oxide and diphenyldichlorosilane. Chlorobenzene is mainly used as raw material for the synthesis of chemicals including triphenylphosphine (catalyst for organic synthesis), phenylsilane, and thiophenol (pesticide and pharmaceutical intermediate). It is also used as raw material for the synthesis of solvent for organic synthesis reactions including methylenediphenyldiisocyanate, urethane raw material, agricultural adjuvants, paint and ink, and cleaning solvent for electronics. manufacture of phenol, aniline, DDT; solvent for paints; heat transfer medium. Chlorobenzene is used as a process solvent in the production of isocyanates such as MDI and TDI and as a solvent in various crop protection formulations. It is further used as a solvent in condensation reactions in the dyes industry. Chlorobenzene is a basic substance used in chemical syntheses with 95% of the quantity used converted in closed systems to intermediate and final products. It is used as a process solvent in the manufacture of three indigoid dyes and pigments. All the pigments and dyes are thioindigoid colors. Chlorobenzene is an example of haloarenes which is formed by mono substitution of benzene ring. When chlorobenzene is fused with sodium hydroxide at 623K and 320 atm sodium phenoxide is produced. Finally, sodium phenoxide on acidification gives phenols.

Potential Exposure

Chlorobenzene is used in the manufacture of aniline, phenol, and chloronitrobenzene; as an intermediate in the manufacture of dyestuffs and many pesticides, as a solvent; and emulsifier.

Uses

Chlorobenzene is used as a solvent for paints,as a heat transfer medium, and in the manu facture of phenol and aniline.

Toxicity

The toxic effects of chlorobenzene on humans were exhaustion, nausea, lethargy, headache and irritation to the upper respiratory tract and eye. Contact of chlorobenzene with the skin induced irritation. No reports were obtained on sensitization by chlorobenzene in this investigation. The oral LD50 values of chlorobenzene were 1,445 mg/kg in mice, 1,427 to 3,400 mg/kg in rats and 2,250 to 2,830 mg/kg in rabbits. The LC50s following 6-hr inhalation exposure were 1,889 ppm in mice and 2,968 ppm in rats.

Uses

Manufacture of phenol, aniline, DDT; solvent for paint; color printing; dry cleaning industry.

Uses

Chlorobenzene is a halogenated benzene used in chemical toxicity QSAR research for agricultural pollution.

Incompatibilities

Reacts violently with strong oxidizers; dimethyl sulfoxide; sodium powder; silver perchlorate; causing fire and explosion hazard. Attacks some plastics, rubber, and coatings. Decomposes on heating, producing phosgene and hydrogen chloride fumes.
InChI:InChI=1/C6H6.ClH/c1-2-4-6-5-3-1;/h1-6H;1H/p-1

108-90-7 Well-known Company Product Price

Brand (Code)Product description CAS number Packaging Price Detail
Alfa Aesar (36401)  Chlorobenzene, ACS, 99.5%    108-90-7 500ml 421.0CNY Detail
Alfa Aesar (36401)  Chlorobenzene, ACS, 99.5%    108-90-7 1L 734.0CNY Detail
Alfa Aesar (36401)  Chlorobenzene, ACS, 99.5%    108-90-7 4L 1638.0CNY Detail
Alfa Aesar (36401)  Chlorobenzene, ACS, 99.5%    108-90-7 *4x1L 1802.0CNY Detail
Alfa Aesar (H27688)  Chlorobenzene, HPLC Grade, 99+%    108-90-7 1000ml 841.0CNY Detail
Alfa Aesar (H27688)  Chlorobenzene, HPLC Grade, 99+%    108-90-7 2500ml 1686.0CNY Detail
Alfa Aesar (22922)  Chlorobenzene, HPLC Grade, 99.5%    108-90-7 1L 574.0CNY Detail
Alfa Aesar (22922)  Chlorobenzene, HPLC Grade, 99.5%    108-90-7 4L 1852.0CNY Detail
Alfa Aesar (22922)  Chlorobenzene, HPLC Grade, 99.5%    108-90-7 *4x1L 1972.0CNY Detail
Alfa Aesar (22921)  Chlorobenzene, Spectrophotometric Grade, 99.9%    108-90-7 500ml 293.0CNY Detail
Alfa Aesar (22921)  Chlorobenzene, Spectrophotometric Grade, 99.9%    108-90-7 1L 418.0CNY Detail
Alfa Aesar (22921)  Chlorobenzene, Spectrophotometric Grade, 99.9%    108-90-7 4L 1461.0CNY Detail

108-90-7SDS

SAFETY DATA SHEETS

According to Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) - Sixth revised edition

Version: 1.0

Creation Date: Aug 12, 2017

Revision Date: Aug 12, 2017

1.Identification

1.1 GHS Product identifier

Product name chlorobenzene

1.2 Other means of identification

Product number -
Other names monochloro-benzene

1.3 Recommended use of the chemical and restrictions on use

Identified uses For industry use only. Volatile organic compounds
Uses advised against no data available

1.4 Supplier's details

1.5 Emergency phone number

Emergency phone number -
Service hours Monday to Friday, 9am-5pm (Standard time zone: UTC/GMT +8 hours).

More Details:108-90-7 SDS

108-90-7Synthetic route

3-iodochlorobenzene
625-99-0

3-iodochlorobenzene

chlorobenzene
108-90-7

chlorobenzene

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With potassium carbonate; iron pentacarbonyl In methanol at 60℃; under 760 Torr; for 8h;100%
With hydrogenchloride; CuI*P(Et)3; naphthalen-1-yl-lithium 1.) THF, 25 deg C, 10 min; Yield given. Multistep reaction;
With 2,2'-azobis(isobutyronitrile); sodium methylate In methanol at 70.2℃; Mechanism; var. iodobenzenes;
With tetrahydrofuran; 1,10-Phenanthroline; potassium tert-butylate at 70℃; for 24h; Schlenk technique; Inert atmosphere; chemoselective reaction;90 %Chromat.
With potassium tert-butylate at 80℃; for 12h; Inert atmosphere; Schlenk technique;88 %Chromat.
2-iodochlorobenzene
615-41-8

2-iodochlorobenzene

chlorobenzene
108-90-7

chlorobenzene

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With potassium carbonate; iron pentacarbonyl In methanol at 60℃; under 760 Torr; for 2h;100%
With hydrogen cation; copper 1) THF, 25 deg C, 10 min; Yield given. Multistep reaction;
With hydrogenchloride; CuI*P(Et)3; naphthalen-1-yl-lithium 1.) THF, 25 deg C, 10 min; Yield given. Multistep reaction;
With sodium methylate In methanol; dimethyl sulfoxide at 50.1℃; Rate constant; Mechanism; other iodoarenes;
pentan-1-ol
71-41-0

pentan-1-ol

1,2-dichloro-benzene
95-50-1

1,2-dichloro-benzene

A

1-bromo-4-pentyloxybenzene
30752-18-2

1-bromo-4-pentyloxybenzene

B

2-chlorophenyl pentyl ether
51241-39-5

2-chlorophenyl pentyl ether

C

chlorobenzene
108-90-7

chlorobenzene

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With potassium hydroxide; PEG-6000 at 150℃; for 6h; Yields of byproduct given;A n/a
B 100%
C n/a
benzene
71-43-2

benzene

A

nitrobenzene
98-95-3

nitrobenzene

B

chlorobenzene
108-90-7

chlorobenzene

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With potassium chloride; potassium nitrate; trifluoroacetic acid at 20℃; for 5.04h; Product distribution; Mechanism; other time, other ratio of reagents, other solvent;A 100%
B n/a
tetraphenylbismuth chloride
42967-53-3

tetraphenylbismuth chloride

A

triphenylbismuthane
603-33-8

triphenylbismuthane

B

chlorobenzene
108-90-7

chlorobenzene

Conditions
ConditionsYield
In not given decomposition at room temp.;A 100%
B 100%
1-Chloro-4-iodobenzene
637-87-6

1-Chloro-4-iodobenzene

A

4,4'-dichlorobiphenyl
2050-68-2

4,4'-dichlorobiphenyl

B

chlorobenzene
108-90-7

chlorobenzene

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With (1,1'-bis(diphenylphosphino)ferrocene)palladium(II) dichloride; cesium fluoride In 2-pentanol at 100℃; for 20h; Inert atmosphere;A 0.2%
B 99.8%
With nickel at 80℃; for 4h; Product distribution; Ni derived from NiBr2 or from NiCl2; var. times;
With nickel at 80℃; for 4h;A 77 % Chromat.
B 25 % Chromat.
bromochlorobenzene
106-39-8

bromochlorobenzene

A

4,4'-dichlorobiphenyl
2050-68-2

4,4'-dichlorobiphenyl

B

chlorobenzene
108-90-7

chlorobenzene

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With (1,1'-bis(diphenylphosphino)ferrocene)palladium(II) dichloride; cesium fluoride In 2-pentanol at 100℃; for 57h; Inert atmosphere;A 0.8%
B 99.2%
In 1,2-dimethoxyethane at 85℃; Product distribution; var. solvents; var. times; Ni from NiI2 or NiBr2;
With nickel In 1,2-dimethoxyethane at 85℃; for 20h;A 61 % Chromat.
B 32 % Chromat.
1-Chloro-4-iodobenzene
637-87-6

1-Chloro-4-iodobenzene

chlorobenzene
108-90-7

chlorobenzene

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With bis(cyclopentadienyl)titanium dichloride; sodium tetrahydroborate; air In N,N-dimethyl-formamide at 70℃; for 24h;99%
With butyl magnesium bromide; zirconocene dichloride In tetrahydrofuran for 1h; Ambient temperature;98%
With lithium aluminium tetrahydride; di-tert-butyl peroxide In tetrahydrofuran for 0.7h; Irradiation;96%
2-iodochlorobenzene
615-41-8

2-iodochlorobenzene

A

chlorobenzene
108-90-7

chlorobenzene

B

2,2'-Dichlorobiphenyl
13029-08-8

2,2'-Dichlorobiphenyl

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With (1,1'-bis(diphenylphosphino)ferrocene)palladium(II) dichloride; cesium fluoride In 2-pentanol at 100℃; for 36h; Inert atmosphere;A 98.4%
B 1.6%
bromochlorobenzene
106-39-8

bromochlorobenzene

A

chlorobenzene
108-90-7

chlorobenzene

B

benzene
71-43-2

benzene

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With lithium aluminium tetrahydride In 1,2-dimethoxyethane at 35℃; for 4h; ultrasonic acceleration of reduction;A 98%
B n/a
With lithium aluminium tetrahydride; Tridecane In diethyl ether at 0℃; for 0.25h; Irradiation; Title compound not separated from byproducts;A 77 % Chromat.
B 18 % Chromat.
With Amberlite IRA-400; borohydride form; nickel diacetate In methanol at 20℃; for 3h; Reduction;A 56 % Chromat.
B 19 % Chromat.
1-bromo-3-chlorobenzene
108-37-2

1-bromo-3-chlorobenzene

A

chlorobenzene
108-90-7

chlorobenzene

B

benzene
71-43-2

benzene

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With lithium aluminium tetrahydride In 1,2-dimethoxyethane at 35℃; for 4h; ultrasonic acceleration of reduction;A 98%
B n/a
2-bromo-1-chlorobenzene
694-80-4

2-bromo-1-chlorobenzene

chlorobenzene
108-90-7

chlorobenzene

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With dibutylbis(cyclopentadienyl)zirconium for 1h; Ambient temperature;98%
With sodium bis(2-methoxyethoxy)aluminium dihydride In toluene at 70℃; Rate constant;
With tetrahydrofuran; 1,10-Phenanthroline; potassium tert-butylate at 110℃; for 24h; Schlenk technique; Inert atmosphere; chemoselective reaction;85 %Chromat.
With ZnSe/CdS core/shell QDs; N-ethyl-N,N-diisopropylamine In hexane at 25℃; for 48h; Irradiation; Inert atmosphere;51 %Chromat.
bromochlorobenzene
106-39-8

bromochlorobenzene

chlorobenzene
108-90-7

chlorobenzene

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With butyl magnesium bromide; zirconocene dichloride In tetrahydrofuran for 6h; Ambient temperature;97%
With lithium aluminium tetrahydride; di-tert-butyl peroxide In tetrahydrofuran for 1h; Irradiation;92%
With tetrabutoxytitanium; diisobutylaluminium hydride In diethyl ether for 6h; Heating;91%
(C6H5)4Sb(1+)*H3COC6H4S(1-)*0.11CHCl3 = (C6H5)4SbSC6H4OCH3*0.11CHCl3

(C6H5)4Sb(1+)*H3COC6H4S(1-)*0.11CHCl3 = (C6H5)4SbSC6H4OCH3*0.11CHCl3

A

4-Methoxybenzenethiol
696-63-9

4-Methoxybenzenethiol

B

H3COC6H4SCCl3

H3COC6H4SCCl3

C

4,4'-dimethoxyphenyl disulfide
5335-87-5

4,4'-dimethoxyphenyl disulfide

D

triphenylantimony
603-36-1

triphenylantimony

E

chlorobenzene
108-90-7

chlorobenzene

Conditions
ConditionsYield
In tetrachloromethane byproducts: biphenyl; reflux; not isolated, GLC;A 36%
B 40%
C 22%
D 96%
E 33%
dichloro(o-chlorophenyl)phenylsilane
36964-86-0

dichloro(o-chlorophenyl)phenylsilane

A

9,9-dichloro-9-silafluorene
18030-58-5

9,9-dichloro-9-silafluorene

B

Phenyltrichlorosilane
98-13-5

Phenyltrichlorosilane

C

chlorobenzene
108-90-7

chlorobenzene

D

diphenylsilyl dichloride
80-10-4

diphenylsilyl dichloride

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With hexachlorodisilane at 500℃; gas phase; Further byproducts given;A 95%
B 0.3 g
C 0.8 g
D 0.2 g
(1,3-bis(2,6-diisopropylphenyl)-1,3-dihydro-2H-imidazol-2-ylidene)phenylgold

(1,3-bis(2,6-diisopropylphenyl)-1,3-dihydro-2H-imidazol-2-ylidene)phenylgold

(Dichloroiodo)benzene
932-72-9

(Dichloroiodo)benzene

A

chloro(1,3-bis(2,6-di-i-propylphenyl)imidazol-2-ylidene)gold(I)

chloro(1,3-bis(2,6-di-i-propylphenyl)imidazol-2-ylidene)gold(I)

B

chlorobenzene
108-90-7

chlorobenzene

Conditions
ConditionsYield
In 1,3,5-trimethyl-benzene Solvent; Temperature; UV-irradiation;A 95%
B 95%
bromobenzene
108-86-1

bromobenzene

chlorobenzene
108-90-7

chlorobenzene

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With iron(III) chloride; sodium chloride In acetonitrile for 10h; Kinetics; Catalytic behavior; Quantum yield; Reagent/catalyst; Irradiation; Green chemistry;94.3%
With sodium chlorite; trichloroacetic acid In dichloromethane for 3h; Substitution;92%
With trans-bis(glycinato)copper(II) monohydrate; tetramethlyammonium chloride In ethanol at 100℃; for 12h; Finkelstein Reaction; Schlenk technique; Inert atmosphere;90%
methanol
67-56-1

methanol

benzene diazonium chloride
100-34-5

benzene diazonium chloride

A

biphenyl
92-52-4

biphenyl

B

methoxybenzene
100-66-3

methoxybenzene

C

chlorobenzene
108-90-7

chlorobenzene

D

benzene
71-43-2

benzene

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With trans-bis[1,2-bis(diphenylphosphino)ethane]bis(dinitrogen)tungsten(0) In methanol for 0.25h; Product distribution; Ambient temperature; reagents' ratio and mode of the mixing dependence; also with EtOH, CH3OD, CD3OD;A 1.7%
B 1.6%
C 0.4%
D 93.1%
nitrobenzene
98-95-3

nitrobenzene

chlorobenzene
108-90-7

chlorobenzene

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With Dichlorophenylphosphine In various solvent(s) at 170℃; for 5h;93%
With thionyl chloride at 160 - 200℃; im Rohr;
With chlorine at 22.85℃; under 700 Torr; Kinetics; Further Variations:; Pressures; Substitution;
With tetrachloromethane at 250℃; for 7h; Inert atmosphere; Autoclave;90 %Spectr.
With thionyl chloride at 160 - 200℃; im Rohr;
carbon monoxide
201230-82-2

carbon monoxide

p-chlorobenzenediazonium tetrafluoroborate
673-41-6

p-chlorobenzenediazonium tetrafluoroborate

A

4-chlorobenzaldehyde
104-88-1

4-chlorobenzaldehyde

B

chlorobenzene
108-90-7

chlorobenzene

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With palladium diacetate; polymethylhydrosiloxane In diethyl ether; acetonitrile under 7355.08 Torr; for 12h;A 93%
B n/a
benzoic acid
65-85-0

benzoic acid

chlorobenzene
108-90-7

chlorobenzene

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With trichloroisocyanuric acid; bromine In tetrachloromethane at -10 - 100℃; for 6h; Solvent; Temperature; Concentration; Time; Photolysis;93%
3-iodochlorobenzene
625-99-0

3-iodochlorobenzene

A

PCB 11
2050-67-1

PCB 11

B

chlorobenzene
108-90-7

chlorobenzene

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With (1,1'-bis(diphenylphosphino)ferrocene)palladium(II) dichloride; cesium fluoride In 2-pentanol at 100℃; for 29h; Inert atmosphere;A 7.2%
B 92.8%
benzoyl chloride
98-88-4

benzoyl chloride

chlorobenzene
108-90-7

chlorobenzene

Conditions
ConditionsYield
palladium on activated charcoal In gas at 360℃;92%
With nickel at 420℃;
benzenediazonium; tetrachloro cuprate(II)

benzenediazonium; tetrachloro cuprate(II)

chlorobenzene
108-90-7

chlorobenzene

Conditions
ConditionsYield
In dimethyl sulfoxide Ambient temperature;92%
2-(2-chlorophenyl)-1-ethanol
19819-95-5

2-(2-chlorophenyl)-1-ethanol

chlorobenzene
108-90-7

chlorobenzene

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With 1,10-Phenanthroline; oxygen; copper diacetate; silver nitrate; sodium hydroxide In dimethyl sulfoxide at 140℃; under 3750.38 Torr; for 12h; Autoclave; Green chemistry;92%
4-chlorophenyltrimethylsilane
10557-71-8

4-chlorophenyltrimethylsilane

chlorobenzene
108-90-7

chlorobenzene

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With potassium trimethylsilonate In dimethyl sulfoxide at 60℃; under 760.051 Torr; for 6h; Catalytic behavior; Reagent/catalyst; Solvent; Sealed tube;91%
In sulfuric acid; acetic acid at 50℃;
In sulfuric acid; acetic acid at 50℃; Rate constant; 1.) other solvetnts, 2.) k (excit.);
With potassium trimethylsilonate In dimethyl sulfoxide at 70℃; for 6h; Sealed tube; Schlenk technique;89 %Chromat.
para-Chlorobenzyl alcohol
873-76-7

para-Chlorobenzyl alcohol

A

chlorobenzene
108-90-7

chlorobenzene

B

para-chlorobenzoic acid
74-11-3

para-chlorobenzoic acid

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With tert.-butylhydroperoxide; manganese(II) acetate; trifluoroacetic acid In acetonitrile at 80℃; under 15001.5 Torr; for 21h; Mechanism; chemoselective reaction;A n/a
B 91%
benzoin phenylhydrazone ethyl ether
64357-12-6

benzoin phenylhydrazone ethyl ether

A

benzoic acid ethyl ester
93-89-0

benzoic acid ethyl ester

B

2-ethoxy-1,2-diphenyl-ethanone
574-09-4

2-ethoxy-1,2-diphenyl-ethanone

C

2-hydroxy-2-phenylacetophenone
119-53-9

2-hydroxy-2-phenylacetophenone

D

benzaldehyde
100-52-7

benzaldehyde

E

chlorobenzene
108-90-7

chlorobenzene

F

benzene
71-43-2

benzene

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With copper dichloride for 5h; Product distribution; Heating; variation of time;A 90%
B 10%
C 40%
D 10%
E n/a
F n/a
5-(2-Chloro-phenoxy)-1-phenyl-1H-tetrazole
86379-23-9

5-(2-Chloro-phenoxy)-1-phenyl-1H-tetrazole

A

1-phenyl-5-hydroxytetrazole
5097-82-5

1-phenyl-5-hydroxytetrazole

B

chlorobenzene
108-90-7

chlorobenzene

C

benzene
71-43-2

benzene

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With sodium hypophosphite; palladium on activated charcoal In ethanol; water; benzene for 4.16667h; Heating;A n/a
B 10%
C 90%
palladium on activated charcoal In ethanol; benzene Mechanism; Product distribution; various reagents, temperatures and reaction times;
phenylzinc chloride
28557-00-8

phenylzinc chloride

chlorobenzene
108-90-7

chlorobenzene

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With N-chloro-succinimide; palladium (II) ion In tetrahydrofuran at 45℃; for 16h;90%
chlorobenzene
108-90-7

chlorobenzene

4,4'-dichlorodiphenyl sulphone
80-07-9

4,4'-dichlorodiphenyl sulphone

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With sulfuric acid; trifluoroacetic acid; trifluoroacetic anhydride; Η-β Zeochem at 10 - 53℃; for 4h; Product distribution / selectivity;100%
With sulfuric acid at 20℃; for 4h;95.02%
Stage #1: chlorobenzene With aluminum (III) chloride; thionyl chloride In water at 50 - 90℃; for 3h;
Stage #2: With sulfuric acid; dihydrogen peroxide; acetic acid In water at 80℃; for 3h;
93.8%
chlorobenzene
108-90-7

chlorobenzene

benzene
71-43-2

benzene

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With sodium hydroxide; ethanol; hydrogen; PdCl2-poly(N-vinyl-2-pyrrolidone); palladium dichloride at 65℃; under 760 Torr; for 2h; Product distribution; effect of bases and solvents on the hydrodechlorination;100%
With potassium hydroxide; hydrogen; palladium on activated charcoal; Aliquat 336 In 2,2,4-trimethylpentane at 50℃; for 4.5h;100%
With sodium hydroxide; ethanol; hydrogen; PdCl2-poly(N-vinyl-2-pyrrolidone); palladium dichloride at 65℃; under 760 Torr; for 2h;100%
styrene
292638-84-7

styrene

chlorobenzene
108-90-7

chlorobenzene

(E)-1,2-diphenyl-ethene
103-30-0

(E)-1,2-diphenyl-ethene

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With C50H64Cl2N12Pd2(6+)*6F6P(1-); sodium acetate In N,N-dimethyl-formamide at 140℃; for 24h; Reagent/catalyst; Heck Reaction;100%
With cesium acetate; PdCl[(C6H3)(OP(i-Pr)2)2-2,6] In 1,4-dioxane at 120℃; for 120h; Arylation; Heck reaction;99%
With tetrabutylammonium acetate; palladium diacetate; DavePhos In 1,4-dioxane at 80℃; for 24h; Heck reaction; Inert atmosphere; Sealed tube;99%
pentan-1-ol
71-41-0

pentan-1-ol

chlorobenzene
108-90-7

chlorobenzene

(pentyloxy)benzene
2050-04-6

(pentyloxy)benzene

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With potassium hydroxide; PEG-6000 at 150℃; for 6h;100%
chlorobenzene
108-90-7

chlorobenzene

phenylmagnesium bromide
100-58-3

phenylmagnesium bromide

biphenyl
92-52-4

biphenyl

Conditions
ConditionsYield
nickel(II) In tetrahydrofuran for 18h; Product distribution; other catalyst, other solvents; other Grignard compounds and alkyl or vinyl halides;100%
With CpNi[1-(ethoxycarbonyl)methyl-3-(3,5-dimethylbenzyl)benzimidazolin-2-ylidene]Br In tetrahydrofuran at 25℃; for 3h; Kumada Cross-Coupling; Inert atmosphere; Schlenk technique;97%
With Pd/Al(OH)3 In toluene at 140℃; for 36h; Kumada Cross-Coupling; Inert atmosphere;94%
chlorobenzene
108-90-7

chlorobenzene

phenylboronic acid
98-80-6

phenylboronic acid

biphenyl
92-52-4

biphenyl

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With Cs2O3; PCy3 adduct of cyclopalladated ferrocenylimine In 1,4-dioxane at 100℃; for 15h; Suzuki cross-coupling reaction;100%
With dichloro(cycloocta-1,5-diene)palladium (II); 2,2-[μ-(N,N'-piperazindiyl)dimethyl]-bis(4,6-di-tert-butyl-phenol); potassium carbonate In methanol for 0.166667h; Suzuki cross-coupling reaction; Microwave irradiation; Inert atmosphere;100%
With potassium carbonate In methanol at 100℃; for 0.0833333h; Suzuki-Miyaura Coupling; Microwave irradiation;100%
chlorobenzene
108-90-7

chlorobenzene

cyclohexane
110-82-7

cyclohexane

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With hydrogen; Leuna-Kontakt 6525 at 150℃; Product distribution; other halogen organic compounds, var. catalysts;100%
With hydrogen; platinum at 120℃; under 16501.7 Torr; for 1.66667h; Autoclave; Inert atmosphere;12.8%
With dichloro(pentamethylcyclopentadienyl)rhodium (III) dimer; hydrogen; triethylamine In isopropyl alcohol at 75℃; under 31028.9 Torr; for 4h; other chloroaromatics; var. reaction time; catalytic hydrodechlorination;
chlorobenzene
108-90-7

chlorobenzene

1-phenyl-propan-1-one
93-55-0

1-phenyl-propan-1-one

1,2-diphenylpropan-1-one
2042-85-5

1,2-diphenylpropan-1-one

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With sodium t-butanolate; (SIPr)Pd(allyl)Cl In tetrahydrofuran at 70℃; for 1h; Product distribution; Further Variations:; Catalysts;100%
With potassium tert-butylate; C41H50ClN3Pd In tetrahydrofuran at 80℃; for 4h; Reagent/catalyst; Inert atmosphere;99%
With sodium t-butanolate; N,N'-bis(2,6-diisopropylphenyl)imidazol-2-ylidene-acetylacetonate palladium chloride In toluene at 60℃; for 1h;98%
chlorobenzene
108-90-7

chlorobenzene

benzylamine
100-46-9

benzylamine

N-Benzylaniline
758640-21-0

N-Benzylaniline

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With (55)Pd068(44)Ni032; potassium carbonate In water at 80℃; for 8h; Catalytic behavior; Buchwald-Hartwig Coupling;100%
With (R)-(-)-1-[(S)-2-(dicyclohexylphosphino)ferrocenyl]ethyl di-t-butylphosphine; sodium t-butanolate; palladium diacetate In 1,2-dimethoxyethane at 100℃; for 48h;99%
With sodium t-butanolate; palladium diacetate; (R)-(-)-1-[(S)-2-(dicyclohexylphosphino)ferrocenyl]ethyl di-t-butylphosphine In 1,2-dimethoxyethane at 100℃; for 48h;99%
9-phenyl-fluoren-9-ol
25603-67-2

9-phenyl-fluoren-9-ol

chlorobenzene
108-90-7

chlorobenzene

phenyl-[1,1';2',1'']terphenyl-2-yl-methanone
377092-23-4

phenyl-[1,1';2',1'']terphenyl-2-yl-methanone

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With palladium diacetate; caesium carbonate; tricyclohexylphosphine In o-xylene for 4h; Heating;100%
chlorobenzene
108-90-7

chlorobenzene

4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-[1,3,2]-dioxaboralane
25015-63-8

4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-[1,3,2]-dioxaboralane

4-chlorophenylboronic acid pinacol ester
195062-61-4

4-chlorophenylboronic acid pinacol ester

Conditions
ConditionsYield
[Ir(COD)(1,3-dicyclohexylimidazolidin-2-ylidene)2]CF3CO2 at 40℃; for 10h;100%
(η4-1,5-cyclooctadiene)bis(1,3-dimethylimidazolin-2-ylidene)iridium(I) trifluoracetate In chlorobenzene byproducts: H2; (N2); using Schlenk techniques; dissolving of 2 mmol pinacolborane and 1.5 mol% of Ir(COD)(C3H2N2Me2)2(CF3CO2) in chlorobenzene; stirring and heating at 40°C for 12 h; monitoring by GC-MS; removal of solvent under vac. at room temp.; chromy. over silica gel, eluting with CH2Cl2;100%
(η4-1,5-cyclooctadiene)(1,1'-dimethyl-3,3'-o-xylylene-diimidazolin-2,2'-diylidene)iridium(I) trifluoroacetate In chlorobenzene (N2); using Schlenk techniques; dissolving of 2 mmol pinacolborane and 1.5 mol% of Ir(COD)(1,1'-dimethyl-3,3'-o-xylylene-diimidazolin-2,2'-diylidene)2(CF3CO2) in chlorobenzene; stirring and heating at 40°C for12 h; monitoring by GC-MS; removal of solvent under vac. at room temp.; chromy. over silica gel, eluting with CH2Cl2;100%
chlorobenzene
108-90-7

chlorobenzene

potassium ferrocyanide

potassium ferrocyanide

benzonitrile
100-47-0

benzonitrile

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With sodium carbonate; palladium diacetate In 1-methyl-pyrrolidin-2-one; Hexadecane at 140℃; for 16h; Product distribution / selectivity;100%
With [Pd{C6H3(CH2CH2NH2)-4-OMe-5-κ2-C,N}(μ-Br)]2; potassium carbonate In N,N-dimethyl-formamide at 130℃; for 0.166667h; Microwave irradiation;94%
With sodium carbonate; palladium diacetate; tri-tert-butyl phosphine In 1-methyl-pyrrolidin-2-one; Hexadecane at 140℃; for 16h; Product distribution / selectivity;88%
2-phenylpyridine
1008-89-5

2-phenylpyridine

chlorobenzene
108-90-7

chlorobenzene

2-(biphenyl-2-yl)pyridine
219843-48-8

2-(biphenyl-2-yl)pyridine

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With dichloro[1-(3-methylbenzyl)-3-(n-butyl)benzimidazol-2-ylidene]ruthenium(II); potassium acetate In water at 100℃; for 1h; Reagent/catalyst;100%
With rhodium(III) chloride hydrate; sodium carbonate; triphenylphosphine In 1-methyl-pyrrolidin-2-one at 140℃; for 22h; Inert atmosphere;99%
With C36H35Cl2PRu; potassium carbonate In 1-methyl-pyrrolidin-2-one at 120℃; for 24h; regioselective reaction;87%
C68H84N4Ni2

C68H84N4Ni2

chlorobenzene
108-90-7

chlorobenzene

A

(μ-Cl)2Ni2(1,3-bis(2,6-diisopropylphenyl)-1,3-dihydro-2H-imidazol-2-ylidene)2

(μ-Cl)2Ni2(1,3-bis(2,6-diisopropylphenyl)-1,3-dihydro-2H-imidazol-2-ylidene)2

B

(4,4'-dimethyl-1,1'-biphenyl)
613-33-2

(4,4'-dimethyl-1,1'-biphenyl)

C

4-bromo-1,1'-biphenyl
92-66-0

4-bromo-1,1'-biphenyl

Conditions
ConditionsYield
In tetrahydrofuran at 20℃; for 21h;A 100%
B n/a
C n/a
C23H40O7Si2

C23H40O7Si2

chlorobenzene
108-90-7

chlorobenzene

C22H40O5Si2

C22H40O5Si2

Conditions
ConditionsYield
at 140℃; for 1h; Microwave irradiation;100%
filgotinib hydrochloride

filgotinib hydrochloride

chlorobenzene
108-90-7

chlorobenzene

filgotinib chlorobenzene

filgotinib chlorobenzene

Conditions
ConditionsYield
Stage #1: filgotinib hydrochloride; chlorobenzene at 20℃; for 0.166667h;
Stage #2: With sodium hydroxide In water at 5℃; for 32h;
100%
bis(1,3-dimesityl-1H-imidazol-2(3H)-ylidene)nickel(I) chloride

bis(1,3-dimesityl-1H-imidazol-2(3H)-ylidene)nickel(I) chloride

chlorobenzene
108-90-7

chlorobenzene

bis(1,3-bis(2,4,6-trimethylphenyl)-1,3-dihydro-2H-imidazol-2-ylidene)(dichloro)nickel

bis(1,3-bis(2,4,6-trimethylphenyl)-1,3-dihydro-2H-imidazol-2-ylidene)(dichloro)nickel

Conditions
ConditionsYield
In benzene-d6 for 2h; Irradiation;100%
Methyltrichlorosilane
75-79-6

Methyltrichlorosilane

Methyltrimethoxysilan
1185-55-3

Methyltrimethoxysilan

chlorobenzene
108-90-7

chlorobenzene

dimethoxy(methyl)phenylsilane
3027-21-2

dimethoxy(methyl)phenylsilane

Conditions
ConditionsYield
Stage #1: Methyltrimethoxysilan; chlorobenzene With magnesium In tetrahydrofuran for 1h; Reflux;
Stage #2: Methyltrichlorosilane; Methyltrimethoxysilan; chlorobenzene In tetrahydrofuran for 6.5h; Concentration; Reflux;
99.6%
acetamide
60-35-5

acetamide

chlorobenzene
108-90-7

chlorobenzene

Acetanilid
103-84-4

Acetanilid

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With C33H37N4P; potassium carbonate; bis(dibenzylideneacetone)-palladium(0) In tert-butyl alcohol at 95℃; for 18h; Catalytic behavior; Solvent; Temperature; Reagent/catalyst; Time; Inert atmosphere; Sonication;99.1%
With 5-(di-tert-butylphosphino)-1′, 3′, 5′-triphenyl-1′H-[1,4′]bipyrazole; bis[chloro(1,2,3-trihapto-allylbenzene)palladium(II)]; potassium carbonate In 1,4-dioxane at 90℃; for 18h; Buchwald-Hartwig Coupling; Inert atmosphere; Glovebox;80%
With potassium phosphate; copper(l) iodide In N,N-dimethyl-formamide at 120℃; for 48h; Ullmann condensation;33%
With copper(l) iodide; potassium carbonate; pipecolic Acid In N,N-dimethyl-formamide at 110℃; for 30h; Goldberg coupling reaction;24%
With C33H37N4P; potassium carbonate; bis(dibenzylideneacetone)-palladium(0) In tert-butyl alcohol at 95℃; for 18h; Catalytic behavior; Reagent/catalyst; Solvent; Inert atmosphere; Sonication;
acetyl chloride
75-36-5

acetyl chloride

chlorobenzene
108-90-7

chlorobenzene

para-chloroacetophenone
99-91-2

para-chloroacetophenone

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With zinc at 65 - 68℃; for 0.00833333h; Friedel-Crafts acylation; microwave irradiation;99%
With iron(III) oxide at 20℃; for 0.0833333h; Friedel Crafts acylation; regioselective reaction;95%
With zinc(II) oxide at 20℃; for 0.166667h; Friedel-Crafts acylation;87%
aniline
62-53-3

aniline

chlorobenzene
108-90-7

chlorobenzene

diphenylamine
122-39-4

diphenylamine

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With sodium t-butanolate; 1,3-bis[2,6-diisopropylphenyl]imidazolium chloride; Ni(PPh3)2(1-(p-acetylnaphthyl))Cl In 1,4-dioxane at 100℃;99%
With bis(η3-allyl-μ-chloropalladium(II)); potassium tert-butylate; 1,3-bis[(2,6-diisopropyl)phenyl]imidazolinium chloride In 1,4-dioxane at 100℃; for 1.5h; Inert atmosphere;99%
With sodium t-butanolate In toluene at 110℃; Inert atmosphere; Glovebox; chemoselective reaction;99%
4-Phenylphenol
92-69-3

4-Phenylphenol

chlorobenzene
108-90-7

chlorobenzene

4-Phenoxybiphenyl
3933-94-6

4-Phenoxybiphenyl

Conditions
ConditionsYield
With potassium carbonate In N,N-dimethyl-formamide at 110℃; for 12h;99%
With potassium hydroxide; copper at 375 - 400℃;

108-90-7Upstream product

108-90-7Downstream Products

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