FLAMMABLE. Flashback along vapor trail may occur. May explode if ignited in an enclosed area. Vapors are eye, skin and respiratory irritants.
VAPOR: Irritating to eyes, nose and throat. If inhaled, will cause difficult breathing. LIQUID. Will burn skin and eyes. Harmful if swallowed.
Dry dimethylamine by passage through a KOH-filled tower, or by standing with sodium pellets at 0o during 18hours. [Beilstein 4 IV 128.]
DIMETHYLAMINE is a base, neutralizing acids in exothermic reactions, and a reducing agent. Dimethylamine is temperature sensitive. Reacts vigorously with mercury and chlorine . Reacts violently with strong oxidizing agents and attacks copper and copper compounds [Handling Chemicals Safely, 1980 p. 123]. Reacts with hypochlorites to give N-chloroamines, some of which are explosives when isolated [Bretherick, 1979 p. 108].
Air & Water Reactions
Highly flammable. Water soluble.
colourless gas with strong ammonia-like smell
A colorless gas smelling of fish at low concentrations and of ammonia at higher concentrations. Shipped as a liquid under its vapor pressure. Contact with the unconfined liquid can cause frostbite by evaporative cooling and chemical type burns. Density of liquid 5.5 lb / gal. The gas, which is corrosive, dissolves readily in water to form flammable corrosive solutions. The gas is heavier than air and can asphyxiate by the displacement of air. Gas is easily ignited and produces toxic oxides of nitrogen when burned. Long-term inhalation of low concentrations or short-term inhalation of low concentrations has adverse health effects. Under prolonged exposure to fire or intense heat the containers may rupture violently and rocket. Used to make other chemicals and as a solvent.
Dimethylamine is a colourless flammable gas at room temperature. It has a pungent, fishy,
or ammonia-like odour at room temperature and is shipped and marketed in compressed
liquid form. It is very soluble in water and soluble in alcohol and ether. It is incompatible
with oxidising materials, acrylaldehyde, fluorine, maleic anhydride, chlorine, or mercury.
Dimethylamine is a precursor to several industrially important compounds. For instance,
it used in the manufacture of several products, for example, for the vulcanisation process
of rubber, as detergent soaps, in leather tanning, in the manufacture of pharmaceuticals,
and also for cellulose acetate rayon treatment.
ChEBI: A secondary aliphatic amine where both N-substituents are methyl.